Presentation on theme: "Www.uis.unesco.org The link of STI indicators to STI policy South Asian Regional Workshop on Science, Technology and Innovation Statistics Kathmandu, Nepal."— Presentation transcript:
The link of STI indicators to STI policy South Asian Regional Workshop on Science, Technology and Innovation Statistics Kathmandu, Nepal 6-9 December 2010
Science, technology and innovation (STI) STI universally recognised now as one of the main drivers of economic growth… … and therefore of poverty reduction as well Governments should aim to harness the benefits of STI Hence the need for a national STI policy Integrated in the overall national strategic plan Coordinated between the various actors that have a stake (e.g. Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Health, Ministry of Higher Education, etc.)
The need for monitoring Monitoring and benchmarking is critical in assessing, implementing and evaluating policy If you dont know where you are, how do you know in which direction you need to go? Policies often include targets: need for (statistical) measures to assess progress E.g. Lisbon target (3%) China: 2.5% by 2020 CPA: 1% in Africa
STI policy, evidence/data needed: indicators to tell a story Do I need to invest in R&D or in Higher Education? Better know how much you are investing already What is a convenient and relevant measure? % of GDP? Number of graduates? In which areas should I invest predominantly? In which areas am I already investing? Which are important economic sectors, in mining, agriculture, industry, services, etc? Which are crucial public sectors, and what are national or regional peculiarities? (health, environment, utilities, defense,…) Do I need to improve quality of higher education or research? Better know how you compare to other countries Are there sufficient links of universities and institutes to industry?
Some examples – UNESCO
Some examples – EU The EU innovation Scoreboard is "an annual assessment of innovation performance in the individual Member States of the European Union. It was an explicit request of the European Council of Ministers meeting in Lisbon in March 2000
Some examples – OECD Innovation strategy
Some examples – AU/NEPAD The ASTII Initiative is a programme in the Africas Science and Technology Consolidated Plan of Action (CPA) (adopted in 2005) by the African Ministerial Conference on Science and Technology (AMCOST), resolving to establish an inter-governmental committee comprising of relevant national authorities to develop, adopt and use common indicators to survey and prepare an African Science, technology and Innovation report.