Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

RICYT/CONACYT International Seminar on New Indicators of Science, Technology and Innovation SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY INDICATORS IN JAMAICA: OBSTACLES TO.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "RICYT/CONACYT International Seminar on New Indicators of Science, Technology and Innovation SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY INDICATORS IN JAMAICA: OBSTACLES TO."— Presentation transcript:

1 RICYT/CONACYT International Seminar on New Indicators of Science, Technology and Innovation SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY INDICATORS IN JAMAICA: OBSTACLES TO THE EXPANSION OF THE SERIES Merline E. Bardowell Executive Director National Commission on Science and Technology

2 RICYT/CONACYT International Seminar on New Indicators of Science, Technology and Innovation Introduction Collection of S&T Indicators/S&T Infrastructure Science, Technology and Innovation Policies and Plans S& T Indicators Being Collected Problems Being Encountered Addressing the Challenges OVERVIEW

3 RICYT/CONACYT International Seminar on New Indicators of Science, Technology and Innovation MAP OF JAMAICA

4 RICYT/CONACYT International Seminar on New Indicators of Science, Technology and Innovation Breathtaking Dunns River Falls JAMAICA

5 RICYT/CONACYT International Seminar on New Indicators of Science, Technology and Innovation JAMAICA Island In The Caribbean LOCATION – Latitude 17 1/2 o and 18 1/2 0 north; Longitude 76 1/2 0 and 78 ½ 0 west AREA of 11,424 sq. km. POPULATION – 2.7m and multi-racial Major areas of ECONOMY – Tourism, Agriculture, Mining, Manufacturing Official LANGUAGE – English Major Asset – Its People

6 RICYT/CONACYT International Seminar on New Indicators of Science, Technology and Innovation Jamaica s Strategic Focus for Growth & Development - Export Push through building and sustaining targeted areas of competitive advantage - Import substitution consistent with the focus on international competitiveness Other imperatives - The Knowledge- based Economy - Globalization - Internal social problems - Sustainability of the Environment - Jamaica as an adopter of technologies INTRODUCTION

7 RICYT/CONACYT International Seminar on New Indicators of Science, Technology and Innovation COLLECTION OF S& T INDICATORS IN JAMAICA Organizational Responsibility - National Commission on Science and Technology- statutory body chaired by the Prime Minister, with the mandate to foster and advance the policy and strategy for science and technology in Jamaica Well poised – coordinates integrates and monitors S&T activities in Jamaica S&T infrastructure fairly good - 44 institutions covering most areas of S&T

8 RICYT/CONACYT International Seminar on New Indicators of Science, Technology and Innovation ORGANIZATION OF S&T IN JAMAICA

9 RICYT/CONACYT International Seminar on New Indicators of Science, Technology and Innovation SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY & INNOVATION POLICIES & PLANS Good S&T Policy infrastructure – 1 st in 1960 Second in 1990 Third S&T Policy – 2006 before Cabinet Sector policies – biotechnology (draft) Biosafety, Energy, S&T Education, poverty Strategic Plan for S&T 2005 –2010 Jamaica 2030: National Development Plan – including S&T sector – developed status by 2030 in progress

10 RICYT/CONACYT International Seminar on New Indicators of Science, Technology and Innovation COLLECTION OF S&T INDICATORS Indicators being developed Conventional – financial, HRST, patents, publications NCST 5-Year Strategic Plan (2005-2010) - based on national priorities- to measure the collective performance of the S&T sector based on the objectives of the NCST – detailed later in presentation Coverage – all public sector S&T institutions(44), universities ( 4), College (1) JIPO,CITO

11 RICYT/CONACYT International Seminar on New Indicators of Science, Technology and Innovation COLLECTION CONTD Frequency – annual Techniques – survey (mailed questionnaires with follow-up); secondary sources (reports, estimates of expenditure), estimates in a few cases Fields covered Basic and Applied Sciences including Engineering

12 RICYT/CONACYT International Seminar on New Indicators of Science, Technology and Innovation SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY INDICATORS BEING COLLECTED Financial Resources Total Expenditure in Scientific and Technological Activity (STA) Expenditure in STA by Financing Sector Expenditure in Research and Development (R&D) Expenditure in Research and Development by Financing Sector Linkages with the Private Sector Projects with the Private Sector

13 RICYT/CONACYT International Seminar on New Indicators of Science, Technology and Innovation INDICATORS CONTD Human Resources in Science and Technology Post Secondary Students Graduating per year in Science, Mathematics and Engineering as % of All tertiary Students # Trained S&T persons (per million people) employed locally in S&T Science and Technology Personnel Science and Technology Personnel by Gender Number of Engineers Researchers (Head Count)

14 RICYT/CONACYT International Seminar on New Indicators of Science, Technology and Innovation INDICATORS CONTD Researchers by Field of Science Researchers by Higher Education Number of Graduates degrees awarded by academic institutions Scientific Production Patents Publications S&T for Competitive and Profitable Businesses % increase of firms using new technology each year # of new products brought to market # of new services brought to market Technology creation: receipt of royalties & license fees (US$ per 100 people)

15 RICYT/CONACYT International Seminar on New Indicators of Science, Technology and Innovation INDICATORS CONTD Population Understands the Importance of S&T % of population aware of the importance of S&T Internet Users per 100 population Dissemination of Knowledge and Information on S&T % of National databases with 24 hour access % population accessing the national STIN

16 RICYT/CONACYT International Seminar on New Indicators of Science, Technology and Innovation INDICATORS CONTD Efficient, Impactful and Environmentally Sustainable S&T Efforts # of companies with internationally certified quality and environmental systems per year % of renewable energy as % of total energy generation per year # of plant species on the endangered species per year

17 RICYT/CONACYT International Seminar on New Indicators of Science, Technology and Innovation INDICATORS CONTD # of animal species on the endangered species list per year # of new invasive species per year % of major effluents that are in compliance in the harbours % of major urban and mining areas that are in compliance with air quality standards High tech exports as a % of manufacturing exports Primary exports as % of Merchandise exports

18 RICYT/CONACYT International Seminar on New Indicators of Science, Technology and Innovation PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED Lack of funding and dedicated staff for this activity Lack of adequately trained staff Low and/or lack of response from institutions being surveyed Lack of appreciation by decision and policy makers and planners as to the importance of S&T indicators – low demand adversely impacts development of indicators

19 RICYT/CONACYT International Seminar on New Indicators of Science, Technology and Innovation PROBLEMS CONTD Some required information and data not being collected and maintained by providers Difficulty in obtaining data and information from the private sector S&T indicators not included as part of the formal national statistics Inadequate capacities of institutions responding to surveys No specific point person assigned to collect information and data Challenges in obtaining data from relevant sections in institutions

20 RICYT/CONACYT International Seminar on New Indicators of Science, Technology and Innovation PROBLEMS CONTD Secondary sources, although useful, not always published, sometimes not timely and data not always accurate Budgets not disaggregated to identify specific S&T activities- time consuming to extract data Lack of understanding by relevant entities as to the need to collect indicators identified – survey results not necessarily seen as important and may not be used Not enough use of information to inform decisions, policy and planning

21 RICYT/CONACYT International Seminar on New Indicators of Science, Technology and Innovation ADDRESSING THE CHALLENGES Address the National Challenges Identify funding and dedicated staff for regular construction and tracking of indicators Implement mechanisms to sensitize decision and policy-makers, planners and providers of information on the importance of S&T indicators e.g workshops, marketing of indicators Training of personnel for the collection, analysis and construction of indicators Make provision of information mandatory and bring on board indicators not presently being collected

22 RICYT/CONACYT International Seminar on New Indicators of Science, Technology and Innovation ADDRESSING THE CHALLENGES Organize for indicators to be part of national statistics Make better use of estimates in the process Get involvement of private sector Make indicators relevant and impactful with regards to national priorities

23 RICYT/CONACYT International Seminar on New Indicators of Science, Technology and Innovation ADDRESING THE CHALLENGES Regional Level English Speaking Caribbean –focal point Address the fact that Caribbean countries lagging behind Similarity of concerns Implement strategies to address language barriers, better sharing of information and experience among all the countries in the network

24 RICYT/CONACYT International Seminar on New Indicators of Science, Technology and Innovation THANK YOU Merline E. Bardowell Executive Director National Commission on Science and Technology Office of the Prime Minister 1 Devon Road, Kingston 10 Tel: 920 1488 Fax: 960 8407 Email: mbardowell@opm.gov.jm; website:www.ncst.gov.jmmbardowell@opm.gov.jm


Download ppt "RICYT/CONACYT International Seminar on New Indicators of Science, Technology and Innovation SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY INDICATORS IN JAMAICA: OBSTACLES TO."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google