Presentation on theme: "Ministry of Science and Technology Mozambique Strategy of Science, Technology and Inovation Republic of Mozambique Gaborone, 24 September 2008."— Presentation transcript:
Ministry of Science and Technology Mozambique Strategy of Science, Technology and Inovation Republic of Mozambique Gaborone, 24 September 2008
Ministry of Science and Technology 2 Our Objective To Share with you our vision on the development of Science, Technology and innovation in Mozambique
Ministry of Science and Technology 3 The vision of GoM on S&T Put Science and Technology as the prima productive force for the Development of Mozambique; Scientific Research should be geared to contribute to the poverty eradication and for the increase exports.
Ministry of Science and Technology 4 Science and Technology is a transversal issue. It requires good inter-institutional coordination and cooperation
Ministry of Science and Technology 5 Science and Technology Sector establishment of the Ministry of Science and Technology as the central organ of the Government that, in accordance with the principles, aims, policies and plans defined by the Government determines, regulates, plans, co-ordinates, develops, monitors and evaluates the activities dealing with science and technology.
Ministry of Science and Technology 6 MCT Vision for S&T
Ministry of Science and Technology 7 The Strategic Areas Vertical areas : Human Resource Development Education Agriculture Health Energy Marine sciences and fishing Construction Water Mineral resources
Ministry of Science and Technology 8 The Strategic Areas Cross-cutting areas : Biotechnology Environment Ethno-botany Gender Equity HIV/Aids Human Resources Development Information and Communication Technologies
Ministry of Science and Technology 9 Strategic Objectives Strategic Objectives Objective 1: Foster a culture of innovation throughout Mozambican society Achieving this objective will include: Popularising science and technology throughout Mozambican society, enabling Mozambicans to feel confident in participating in the knowledge and technology-oriented global society Promoting an entrepreneurial outlook and innovative orientation throughout the S&T system Bringing awareness of science and technology and the role of innovation. Programmes 1.Create awareness amongst the top leadership of the strategic role that S&T can play for the development of the country, and of the high-level issues concerning S&T for development; 2.Create and nurture professional associations and institutions that will promote the use of S&T at all levels in the country; 3.Establish mechanisms for the diffusion and dissemination of S&T information; 4.Stimulate the development, codification, and diffusion of locally- generated knowledge (e.g. through the CRCTs); 5.Develop innovative ways of using technology in communicating and sharing information with illiterate communities (e.g. voice, video, animation); 6.Enhance and extend the science festival, currently held annually in Maputo; 7.Establish mobile S&T discovery centres; 8.Identify the innovators in society that have inventions and create mechanisms for them to turn their inventions into products. Objective 2: Promote grass-roots innovation and the use of S&T-based approaches by poor and disadvantaged communities Achieving this objective will include: Finding creative ways of encouraging the use of the scientific approach to solution building by poor and disadvantaged communities Establishing high-impact approaches and tools using ICTs to communicate and share information with illiterate communities, giving priority to the most vulnerable social groups. Programmes 1.Encourage the use of the scientific approach to solution building in impoverished communities through ICT, and in particular, through interactive multimedia-based learning tools; 2.Create and deploy ICT applications to address specific development issues, such as learning tools for building storage dams and pit latrines; 3.Establish Regional Centres for Science and Technology (CRCTs); 4.Undertake a research programme in the social sciences to determine optimal ways of promoting grass-roots innovation amongst impoverished communities; 5.Encourage collaborative approaches to addressing community problems using S&T amongst impoverished communities; 6.Run pilot projects amongst impoverished communities with the aim of stimulating wealth-creation initiatives.
Ministry of Science and Technology 10 Strategic Objectives Strategic Objectives Objective 3: Promote R&D and innovation within the industrial and public sectors Achieving this objective will include: Promoting partnerships between the public and private sectors to encourage innovation and the transfer of technology for product commercialisation Establishing facilities that will encourage the incubation of higher-risk, higher- gain start-up SMEs Stimulating excellence in multidisciplinary and collaborative research and innovation by individuals and institutions Building a capability to manage and safeguard intellectual property rights Strengthening SMEs and the competitiveness of local clusters. Programmes 1.Establish incentives for public-private partnerships for innovation; 2.Introduce measures to stimulate the private sector to undertake research in partnership with the academic institutions; 3.Promote science parks, and local and trading clusters; 4.Develop a national biotechnology strategy for Mozambique; 5.Develop a national ethno-botanical strategy for Mozambique; 6.Establish a networked centre of excellence for biotechnology; 7.Establish a networked centre of excellence for ethno-botany; 8.Establish an information base for ethno-botanical knowledge; 9.Establish regional S&T facilities with R&D infrastructure and expertise that can be used by SMEs on a shared basis, thus enabling SMEs to engage in R&D without the need for their own in-house infrastructure; 10.Raise the level of awareness amongst researchers of the importance of environmental sustainability. Objective 4: Promote the transfer of technology Programmes 1.Establish the capability for technology transfer in the CRCTs; 2.Establish Community Technology Centres to promote technology transfer; 3.Identify and pilot high-impact, technology transfer initiatives; 4.Stimulate the development of the capability to adapt and absorb imported technologies, especially on the part of new companies; 5.Disseminate and promote information relevant to technology transfer to SMEs, including concerning technologies and services available; 6.Establish mechanisms to enable small- scale producers to move up the value chain; 7.Establish mechanisms to subsidise training, research and development for new and small companies; 8.Establish mechanisms to facilitate the transfer of new scientific knowledge from the universities to industry.
Ministry of Science and Technology 11 Strategic Objectives Strategic Objectives Objective 5: Promote the use of ICT for good governance and service delivery, and for the diffusion of knowledge, in support of poverty reduction and economic growth ICTs will Remove physical distances and enhance real-time exchange of knowledge; Promote networking of institutions, individuals and geographic regions; Promote collaboration and sharing of knowledge between stakeholders; Introduce a new channel for service delivery; Promote economies of scale and replication of developed solutions; Promote transparency and openness; Promote open and multi-directional communication. Programmes 1.Develop a range of multimedia-based learning material focused on ICT knowledge and skills, for use by youth and by impoverished communities; 2.Establish an S&T knowledge and communication portal; 3.Establish a government data centre; 4.Establish a FOSS Centre of Excellence within an appropriate institution; 5.Establish information technology standards, national platforms and management mechanisms; 6.Establish a national programme for ICT skills development, having a special focus on youth, trainers and ICT professionals; 7.Identify business models to enable lower-cost connectivity for citizens, Internet Access Centres, private sector and government; 8.Establish and scale up community access centres; 9.Stimulate research programmes at academic institutions to study low-cost access solutions (wireless technologies, low-cost computers, etc.); 10.Support entrepreneurship for ICT through MICTI; 11.Use ICTs to mitigate the impact of HIV/AIDS and reduce the vulnerability of the rural population.
Ministry of Science and Technology 12 There is therefore a need to: Promote the education of youth in the fields of science, engineering and technology and ICT Increase the number graduates earning advanced degrees in S&T Stimulate the education of women in the fields of science, engineering, technology and ICT Reach a significant share of the economically active population with introductory and advanced S&T education and training Foster the interaction and collaboration of Mozambican researchers with their regional and international counterparts. Programmes 1.Establish S&T scholarship programmes for MSc and PhD students; 2.Establish research-oriented, postdoctoral and sabbatical scholarship programmes; 3.Establish new post-graduate S&T degree programmes in line with national priorities; 4.Upgrade the science laboratories at the universities; 5.Create S&T centres of excellence at selected universities; 6.Upgrade the S&T capability and infrastructure in the K-12 education system, including S&T and ICT laboratories; 7.Promote the popularisation of science amongst secondary school students, and identify and encourage those who show particular S&T talent; 8.Stimulate the development and deployment of informal S&T learning programmes using interactive, multimedia-based learning tools; 9.Establish collaborative relationships with regional and international educational and research institutions; 10.Establish a programme to enable academic researchers to gain experience from an industrial environment; 11.Carry out capacity-building activities and train teachers in the basic sciences at all levels, through the CRCTs; 12.Set up extramural classes in the basic sciences for secondary students showing talent in the sciences. This should be done by the CRCTs; 13.Establish mechanisms to promote S&T education and training of employees throughout their careers; 14.Develop mechanisms to fast-track women into and within the S&T system through, for example, targeting womens leadership organisations. This programme should be led by a woman director; 15.Promote the scientific education and training of women through targeted scholarship programmes; 16.Enhance the status of researchers by creating a formal researcher career path. Strategic Objective 6: Strategic Objective 6: Promote human resource development at all levels in the areas of science, technology and innovation
Ministry of Science and Technology 13 Strategic Objective 7 This requires: The addition of capabilities, capacities and infrastructure; A review and possible restructuring of the components of the system of S&T; Greater alignment of the outputs of the system with national development priorities; Making the system more effective and efficient in pursuing the goal of poverty eradication, while also fostering socio- economic development. Programmes 1.Review the functionality and performance of the national S&T system as a whole, to identify missing components, and components that need to be strengthened; 2.Re-organise the current S&T institutions to improve the efficacy and efficiency of the national S&T system; 3.Enhance the performance of the S&T system by adding new capabilities and processes; 4.Improve the ICT infrastructure of the S&T system by building a high-speed R&D network; 5.Build a knowledge sharing system suitable for S&T-based knowledge; 6.Draw up a national research agenda; 7.Encourage the components of the S&T system to become learning organisations; 8.Run a technology Foresight programme for Mozambique; 9.Establish a Foresight capability for Mozambique; 10.Build the capability to respond to natural disasters and crises; 11.Stimulate and support the creation of additional S&T and R&D facilities on a regional basis, and for priority sectors, that are accessible by SMEs; 12.Develop a policy for Intellectual Property Rights. Build and improve the policy instruments, institutions and infrastructure of the S&T system
Ministry of Science and Technology 14 Strategic Objectives Strategic Objectives Programmes 1.Establish a national foundation for research and innovation; 2.Establish a National S&T Coordination meeting consisting of MCT, CRCT, the research institutions, and other S&T stakeholders; 3.Establish systems and forums that will engender confidence on the part of international funding partners in Mozambiques S&T system; 4.Establish funding partnerships with international funding sources. Strategic Objective 8: Establish funding policies and mechanisms for research and innovation Programmes 1.Establish a benchmarking baseline of performance for the institutions in the national S&T system; 2.Develop a set of indicators for measuring outcomes and impacts on poverty reduction that may be attributed to S&T activities; 3.Assess the performance of the S&T system at regular intervals on an ongoing basis; 4.Develop expertise in the MCT in areas such as leadership, people management, planning, and high- level project management, through running training courses. Strategic Objective 9: Review, evaluate and enhance the performance of the S&T system Programmes 1.Stimulate a national debate on the crosscutting role of S&T and the need for holistic solutions; 2.Encourage all government ministries to appreciate the fundamental and holistic role of STI within their own mandates. 3.Establish frameworks and mechanisms to ensure coordination of S&T activities across all ministries. Strategic Objective 10: Promote the mainstreaming of S&T within all sectors
Ministry of Science and Technology 15 Research Approach
Ministry of Science and Technology 16 Human Resource Development Program Year Natural Science 15% Eng. Technolgies 20% Health Science 20% Agro Sciences 20% Social Sciences 12,% Humanities 12,5% Total 100%
Ministry of Science and Technology 17 Science and Technology System Establishes the National System of Science and Technology to be consolidated through research and innovation programmes but maintaining the autonomy of individual institutions.
Ministry of Science and Technology 18 Coordination MCT will play a lead role in coordination: To ensure the efficient use of S&T funds; To avoid duplication ; To promote synergies where these may exist. Mechanisms Realization of 2 National S&T Coordination meetings: One for Harmonization of the annual plan One for Evaluation Realization of S&T meeting with funding and supporting agencies: To Keep funding agencies fully appraised on results and accountability.
Ministry of Science and Technology 19 ICT Development ICT Policy Approved in December 2000 Implementation strategy launched in October 2001 ICT Policy Objectives Contributing to fight against poverty; Expand citizens access to global network resources; Raising efficiency and effectiveness of public institutions; Improving governance and public administration; Transforming Mozambique into a producer and not only a consumer of ICTs; Linking the country into the global information system.
Ministry of Science and Technology 20 ICT Development ICT in education E-schools – networking schools Integration of ICT in curricula of Secondary education (2008) Training content developer in ICT Integrating ICT in learning and teaching environment Connecting schools to internet
Ministry of Science and Technology 21 ICT Development ICT industry Computer illiteracy and equipment cost limited access and utilization of ICTs; Necessary to promote human resources development and promote equipment production; Option: Promote solution through the Mozambique Communication and Technology Institute, MICTI.
Ministry of Science and Technology 22 ICT Development MICTI is Technology and Business Incubator Tool for small business development; Entrepreneurs support services. Part of the Science and Technology Park concept Multi-disciplinary technology and industry sector organizations. Research and Learning Institute develop an innovative curriculum for developing ICT knowledge and skills provide accreditation facilities for international standards related to ICTs play a leading role in developing ICT users, technicians and managers in Mozambique
Ministry of Science and Technology 23 eGovernment Strategy eGovernment Strategy contributes to the reaching of goals of the: Government 5 Year Plan PARPA Public Sector Reform Strategy ICT Policy and ICT Policy Implementation Strategy The strategy aims at: Better governance, transparency and accountability Better integration of government sectors and collaboration Increased efficiency of public sector organizations Enhanced access to information and sharing of knowledge Favourable environment for economic growth and introduction of new services (both private and public)
Ministry of Science and Technology 24 eGovernment Strategy Implementation E-Gov Strategy Components Common Communication Platform for the Public Sector Human Resources Development Policy and Regulations Specific Flagship Projects: Common Communication Platform and Interoperability Framework Citizen Identity Registration and Unique Identity Number Land and Property Management Local Government Horizontal Integration System Business Entity Registration System Transparent and Accountable Financial Transactions
Ministry of Science and Technology 25 Financing The National research fund and sectoral funds will be applied for the following budget lines: Competitive funds for Research Projects; Research fund for Institutional Development; Research fund for projects requested by the Government; Research fund to promote innovation and technology transfer; Research fund to promote the culture of S&T.
Ministry of Science and Technology 26 OUR Expectations Contributions and advise on the development of MOSTIS; Advise on the implementation and the establishment of research linkages; Provide support on resources mobilization of the MOSTIS
Ministry of Science and Technology 27 OUR Expectations Strengthening of on going activities: Education Strategic plan for the education sector implemented Community centers operational countrywide E-Governance Current e-Gov programmes supported and expanded ICT Industry ICT industry supported through MICT Incubator and industrial park concepts implemented
Ministry of Science and Technology 28 OUR Expectations Activate New areas: Support to cross cutting components Development of human research Training programs according to the existing Plan Support to the National research Fund Support to the Interactive virtual library Support to the creation and Management of a Mega databank Technology Transfer Support to CRCT Microsoft Technology Centre Knowledge Management Centre
Ministry of Science and Technology 29 OUR Expectations Support to specific programs (or cluster) program areas Health, HIV-AIDS Water, tourism, environment, Agriculture, food processing etnobotany
Ministry of Science and Technology Thank you for your attention