Presentation on theme: "Activities of Ethiopian R&D Survey 2007 Presented at Harmonization workshop Nov. 30-3, 2009 Johannesburg, South Africa."— Presentation transcript:
Activities of Ethiopian R&D Survey 2007 Presented at Harmonization workshop Nov. 30-3, 2009 Johannesburg, South Africa
1. Uses of R&D Survey STPs primarily a policy making and management tool in R&D and STS Monitor the evolving scientific and technological potential at the institutional or individual R&D level Gathers information at micro level and thereby supply accurate information for policy makers
Explore the characteristics of the national scientific and technological potential The flow of national S&T budget from the sources to end users The scientific research activities The requirements for scientific and technological research based on priority objectives Indicate coherence of research activities in line with the socioeconomic development The production of R&D and STS units
2. Status of Ethiopia S&T Information oChallenges Organizational Set-up Low status of national S&T information system No organizational set up was in place till recently (no national coordination body in the country). Regional institutions are not available. Human and financial resources are scarce. Laws governing S&T information are limited. Low level of awareness of the need of S&T information. Cultural limitation in keeping and updating S&T information &
Opportunities The need for S&T information is being felt (S&T information users are increasing) Institutional set-up is in place. Laws are being issued Policy Mandate Available International collaboration like ASTII & UNESCO Budget Government is allocating budget. Investment is on the rise requiring S&T information
3. Preliminary Activities This challenges and opportunities has given rise to undertake S&T survey in Ethiopia for the 1 st time. Experts in the area are scarce We had to start from the scratch. We started low with Government institutions. Proposal development and management approval Government budget secured Hiring of personnel Identification of institutions –Government higher learning institution –Government R&D institutions & centers –Government S&T service institutions
Contd. Questionnaire design as per international standards Guideline development Logistics for the survey secured Undertake the survey with what we had at hand and learn in the process.
4. Performed Activities 1.Survey Details 1.1 Sampling Datas were obtained from Ministry of Education, Ministry of Agriculture and registered governmental institutions. Since the frame is very low census method was followed. 1.2 How the survey was undertaken Data collection was undertaken through direct interview & filling of questionnaire by the responsible personnel.
1.3 Response rate Type of Institutions Surveyed ResponsePerc. Government Higher learning institutions Government R&D centers Govt S&T Centers Total None responsive survey None 1.5 Edit and amputation practice None
2.Questionnaire design (Amharic English) 2.1 Topics covered ( Hyperlink questionnaire) Human Resource in Governmental Institutions –By level of education (PhD, 1st degree, 2 nd degree tech, Aux) –By field of specialization –By sex
R&D expenditure in Governmental Institution –Government –Foreign grant –Own fund 2.2 Consultation during question development International standards (Frascati manual) Country experience (bench marks) Other ministries
2.3 Questionnaire design Respondent guideline development (Hyperlink the guideline) 2.4 Questionnaire testing None
3. Reporting plans. Descriptive statistics - Human Resource in Government Institutions Table 1 Human Resource Profile by Level of Education in S&T Service Centers PhD2 nd Deg 1 st Deg TechAuxTotal Federal STS Centers Regional STS Centers Total
Summary of Human Resources of Higher Learning Institution NoNo Higher Learning Institutes PhD2 nd degree1 st degreeTechnicianAuxiliaryTotal MFMFMF MFMF 1Universities Colleges Total Table 2 Contd.
Summary of Human Resource of Government R&D Centers NoResearch Institute PhD2 nd Deg1 st DegTechnAux.Total MFMFMF 1EIAR ARRARI ORARI TARI SRARI SORPARI MoARD GARI/C Inst in around A.A TOTAL Contd. Table 3
Field of Science PhD2 nd Deg1 st DegSub Total Total MFMFMFMF Natural Science Engineering & Technology Medical Science Agricultural Science Social Science Humanities Others/not specified Total Table 4 Human Resources in Govt R&D Centers by field of studies
Field of Sciences PhD2 nd Deg1 st DegSub total Total MFMFMFMF Natural Science Engineering & Technology Medical Science Agricultural Science Social Science Humanities Others/not Specified Total Summary of Human Resources by Field of Sciences of Higher Learning Institutions Table 6
- Government R&D Expenditure (Birr) R&D Expenditure of Government S&T Service Institutions GovernmentForeign Grant Own FundTotal Federal STS Centers 448,875, ,524, ,807, ,207,804.6 Regional STS Centers 18,350, ,116, ,467, Total 467,226, ,641, ,807, ,675, Table 7
Summary of Financial Resources of R & D and Higher Learning Organization NONO R & D Institutions Governme nt Foreign grant Foreign loan Own fundOthers Total 1 R & D org. 199,707, ,826, ,579, , ,306, ,990, Higher Learning 12,781, ,128, , , ,183, Total 212,489, ,955, ,579, , ,454, ,174, Contd. Table 8
Government R&D Expenditure (comparison with Previous Year) NoResearch Institute Source of Finance Year 2005Year 2007 Perc TotalGovernment123,522, ,707, Foreign36,053, ,850, Own fund0570, Others01,836, Total159,576, ,954, Contd. Table 9
Analysis of key issues (what are they) None
4. Principal Findings Government R&D expenditure/GDP = 0.2% No. of researchers/million = 20
Conclusion O utput of the Survey Updated information collected Developed R&D profiles, STS and higher education Comparison of R&D 2007 data with 2005 was made Awareness creation and raising draft of the report developed First draft of the report developed Challenges Shortage of trained personnel to interpret the result of the survey. Table 10
The Way forward Identify the number of researchers by their field of specialization Profile of lab equipment Inclusion of Development institutions, Private sector, NGOs. Regular budget allocation for the Survey Employing professionals on permanent basis Updating the information regularly Profile of S&T activities Create mechanisms of incentive for surveyor and data supplier to increase the availability & allocability of S&T information. Avail the analyzed of the survey for the meaningful\ decision of policy makers.
Analysis of key issues (what are they) None International comparisons None 4. Principal Findings Government R&D expenditure/GDP = 0.2% No. of researchers/million = 20
5. Resource Allocation for the survey Over 200, Birr