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Science and Technology Statistical System in Thailand Siriporn Pittayasophon & Kitipong Promwong National Science and Technology Development Agency, Thailand.

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Presentation on theme: "Science and Technology Statistical System in Thailand Siriporn Pittayasophon & Kitipong Promwong National Science and Technology Development Agency, Thailand."— Presentation transcript:

1 Science and Technology Statistical System in Thailand Siriporn Pittayasophon & Kitipong Promwong National Science and Technology Development Agency, Thailand UNESCO Workshop on Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators: Current Issues and Challenges for South-East Asia November 2008 Phnom Penh

2 Outline 1.Current Structure of Science and Technology System 2.Science and Technology Statistical System 3.Specific On-going Projects and Plans 4.Recent S&T Survey Results and Trends

3 S&T Administration system in Thailand Source: Adapted from Bell (2001). Policy flow Budget flow PM = Prime MinisterMOPH = Ministry of Public Health NESDB = National Economic and Social Development BoardMOST = Ministry of Science and Technology NRCT = National Research Council of ThailandMOF = Ministry of Finance NSTIC = National Science, Technology and Innovation Policy CouncilMOD = Ministry of Defense MOE = Ministry of EducationNSTDA = National Science and Technology Development Agency MOAC = Ministry of Agriculture and CooperativesTRF = Thailand Research Fund MOI = Ministry of IndustrySDF = Skill Development Fund MOLSW = Ministry of Labor and Social WelfareHSRI = Health Systems Research Fund MOPH = Ministry of Public HealthARDA = Agricultural Research and Development Fund NSTIC

4 Subcommittee on Science and Technology Indicators (SSTI) National Statistic Office (NSO), Ministry of Information and Communication Technology (MICT) National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB) Office of Agricultural Economics (OAE), Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives (MOAC) Office of the Education Council (OEC), Ministry of Education (MOE) Commission on Higher Education (MUA), Ministry of Education (MOE) Department of Intellectual Property (DIP), Ministry of Commerce (MOC) Office of Industrial Economic (OIE), Ministry of Industry (MOI) Thailand Research Fund (TRF) Health Systems Research Institute (HSRI) National Research Council of Thailand (NRCT) Office of Planning Strategy (OPS), Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) The Federation of Thai Industries (FTI) National Science and Technology Development Agency (NSTDA), Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) NSTIC National Science, Technology and Innovation Committee Chairman of SSTI Secretary General of NSO Secretariat -2 representatives from NSTDA -1 representative from NSO NESDB OAEOEC MUADIP OIE TRFHSRI 2 representatives from NRCT MOSTFTI 3 expertsNSTDA

5 Science and Technology Statistical System Science BOT: Bank of Thailand DIP: Department of Intellectual Property MUA: Commission on Higher Education NRCT: National Research Council of Thailand NSO: National Statistical Office NSTDA: National Science and Technology Development Agency OIE: Office of Industrial Economics ONEC: Office of the Education Council TRF: Thailand Research Fund VEC: Vocational Education Commission Output Indicator NSTDA -S&T Publications in SCI database TRF - S&T Publications in Thai journals DIP - Patent and Petty Patent NSTDA collect/analyze the data received from other agencies Thailand S&T Profile Database System USER -Public/Private Agencies - People - Students Continuously updating data Subcommittee on S&T Indicators -Identifying important S&T indicators -Assigning the responsible agencies to collect the identified S&T indicators -Reporting S&T status to NSTIC and the public Technology OIE - The demand of S&T manpower NRCT -Govn, Higher edu., PNP Expenditure on R&D - Govn, Higher edu., PNP R&D personnel MUA - S&T students in bachelor, master and doctoral degree Input Indicator OEC - Students in S&T specialized fields VEC - S&T students in vocational certificate NSO - Telephone - Mobile - Computer - Internet NSO - S&T labor force BOT - Technology Balance of Payment NSTDA - Business Enterprise Expenditure on R&D -Business Enterprise R&D Personnel NSTDA - collect competitive ranking data from IMD and WEF Impact Indicator Source: National Science and Technology Development Agency (2004). Thailand Science and Technology Profile 2004.

6 Thailand Science and Technology Profile 1.National Competitiveness on S&T 2.Research and Development (R&D) Activity and Expenditure 3.Science and Technology Personnel 4.Technology Balance of Payment 5.Patent 6.Scientific and Technological Publication 7.Information and Communication Technology Seven groups of indicators related to S&T Year 2002Year 2004Year 2005 Year 2006Year 2007

7 Specific On-going Projects and Plans Additional Surveys: Innovation survey – OECDs definition and classification stated in Oslo manual will be adopted in this survey and the questionnaire of Communication Innovation Survey (CIS) will also be used as a guideline in designing the questions. Questions regarding innovation activities will constitute one main section of the survey questionnaires. This project is planned to conduct in Innovation survey – OECDs definition and classification stated in Oslo manual will be adopted in this survey and the questionnaire of Communication Innovation Survey (CIS) will also be used as a guideline in designing the questions. Questions regarding innovation activities will constitute one main section of the survey questionnaires. This project is planned to conduct in Survey of Public awareness on S&T – The second survey of Public awareness on S&T is planned to conduct in National Science Foundation (NSF)s questionnaires on Public attitudes and understanding towards science and technology will be used as guideline. Survey of Public awareness on S&T – The second survey of Public awareness on S&T is planned to conduct in National Science Foundation (NSF)s questionnaires on Public attitudes and understanding towards science and technology will be used as guideline.

8 Recent S&T Survey Results and Trends

9 Competitiveness on S&T 1.International Institute for Management Development (IMD) 2.World Economic Forum (WEF)

10 Overall Competitiveness Rankings of Countries in the Asia Pacific Region (IMD) Source : International Institute for Management Development ( ). World Competitiveness Yearbook (Overall competitiveness rankings) (Asia Pacific) (Country) 2547 (2004) 2548 (2005) 2549 (2006) 2550 (2007) 2551 (2008) (Singapore)23322 (Hong Kong)62233 (Australia) (Taiwan) (China) (New Zealand) (Malaysia) (Japan) (Thailand) (India) (Korea) (Philippines) (Indonesia) (Number of Countries)

11 Competitiveness Rankings of Thailand by Factors for (IMD) 2547 (2004) 2548 (2005) 2549 (2006) 2550 (2007) 2551 (2008) Factor Economic performance Government efficiency Business efficiency Infrastructure Overall ranking Number of countries Source : International Institute for Management Development ( ). World Competitiveness Yearbook

12 Scientific and Technological Infrastructure Rankings of Thailand for (IMD) 2547 (2004) 2548 (2005) 2549 (2006) 2550 (2007) 2551 (2008) Factor Scientific infrastructure Technological infrastructure Number of countries Source : International Institute for Management Development ( ). World Competitiveness Yearbook

13 Scientific Infrastructure Competitiveness Rankings of Countries in the Asia Pacific Region for (IMD) (Scientific infrastructure rankings) (Asia Pacific) (Country) 2547 (2004) 2548 (2005) 2549 (2006) 2550 (2007) 2551 (2008) (Japan)22222 (Taiwan)78564 (Korea) (Singapore) (China) (Australia) (Indonesia) (New Zealand) (Hong Kong) (Malaysia) (India) (Thailand) (Philippines) (Number of countries) Source : International Institute for Management Development ( ). World Competitiveness Yearbook

14 Technological Infrastructure Competitiveness Rankings of Countries in the Asia Pacific Region for (IMD) (Technological Infrastructure Rankings) (Asia Pacific) (Country) 2547 (2004) 2548 (2005) 2549 (2006) 2550 (2007) 2551 (2008) (Singapore)23322 (Taiwan) (Hong Kong)34238 (Korea) (Japan) (Malaysia) (Australia) (New Zealand) (Philippines) (China) (India) (Thailand) (Indonesia) (Number of Countries) Source : International Institute for Management Development ( ). World Competitiveness Yearbook

15 Global Competitiveness Index Ranking of Thailand for (WEF) Factor (2006 Ranking) (2007 Ranking) (2008 Ranking) Basic requirements Efficiency enhancers Innovation and sophistication Global competitiveness index (GCI) Number of countries Source: World Economic Forum (2008). The Global Competitiveness Report

16 Global Competitiveness Index Ranking of Thailand and the Selected Countries by Sub-factors for 2008 (WEF) Source: World Economic Forum (2008). The Global Competitiveness Report

17 Research and Development

18 Thailand R&D Expenditure in Source: R&D data in : NSTDA R&D data in : NRCT and NSTDA GDP data: NESDB Remark: Others consist of government, state enterprise, higher education, private non-profit, aboard and not specified.

19 GERD/GDP of Selected Countries in Asia for Year 2006 Source: 1. Main Science and Technology Indicators, June International Institute for Management Development (2007). World Competitiveness Yearbook National Research Council of Thailand (NRCT) & National Science and Technology Development Agency (NSTDA)

20 R&D Personnel (FTE) per 1,000 People of Selected Countries in Asia for Year 2006 Source: 1. Main Science and Technology Indicators, June International Institute for Management Development (2007). World Competitiveness Yearbook National Research Council of Thailand (NRCT) & National Science and Technology Development Agency (NSTDA)

21 Science and Technology Personnel 1. New Enrollments and Graduates Lower than Bachelor Degree Bachelor Degree Master Degree Doctoral Degree 2. Science and Technology Labor Force Classification of Field of Study 1. S&T comprises of 1) Science, 2) Engineering 3) Agricultural sciences 4) Health and Medical sciences 2. Social science comprises of 1) Social science 2) Humanity 3) Education 4) Services 5) Not specified

22 Number of New Enrollments of Thailand in Lower than Bachelor Degree: Academic Year Source: Commission on Higher Education, Office of The Education Council and Vocational Education Commission.

23 Number of Graduates of Thailand in Lower than Bachelor Degree: Academic Year Source: Commission on Higher Education & Vocational Education Commission & Office of The Education Council Remark: Data of Vocational Education Commission is as of 6 October 2008.

24 Number of New Enrollments of Thailand in Bachelor Degree: Academic Year Source: Commission on Higher Education, Office of The Education Council and Vocational Education Commission

25 Number of Graduates of Thailand in Bachelor Degree: Academic Year Source: Commission on Higher Education and Office of The Education Council

26 Number of New Enrollments of Thailand in Master Degree: Academic Year Source: Commission on Higher Education and Office of The Education Council

27 Number of Graduates of Thailand in Master Degree: Academic Year Source: Commission on Higher Education and Office of The Education Council

28 Number of New Enrollments of Thailand in Doctoral Degree: Academic Year Source: Commission on Higher Education

29 Number of Graduates of Thailand in Doctoral Degree: Academic Year Source: Commission on Higher Education

30 S&T Labor Force of Thailand by Status and Sex for Source: National Statistical Office (Labor force status) (Year) 2549 (2006)2550 (2007) (Male)(Female)(Total)(Male)(Female)(Total) (Total employed)70.10%27.80%97.90%69.95%28.36%98.30% (S&T employed)41.90%18.10%60.00%41.45%18.08%59.53% (S&T employed and graduated in S&T)34.10%9.50%43.50%34.03%10.12%44.15% (S&T employed and graduated in non-S&T)7.90%8.50%16.40%7.42%7.96%15.39% - (Graduated in S&T but work in other fields) %9.70%37.90%28.49%10.28%38.77% (Unemployed and graduated in S&T)1.70%0.40%2.10%1.34%0.36%1.70% (S&T labor force)71.80%28.20%100.00%71.29%28.71%100.00%

31 Technology Balance of Payment

32 Technology Balance of Payment by Type of Payment and Receipt in (Year) (Technology balance of payment) (Receipt) (Payment) (Balance of payment) (Royalties and patent licensing fee) (Technical fee) (Total receipt) (Royalties and patent licensing fee) (Technical fee) (Total payment) 2544 (2001) 36,50783,676120, ,70527,098-93, (2002) 47,427104,640152, ,23325, , (2003) 52,73495,048147, ,24732, , (2004) 62,62839,665102, ,55716,071-86, (2005) 67,16860,756127, ,17629,857-98, (2007) 77,69572,560150,2551,75638,73840, , (2005) 79,05099,454178,5041,87243,94345, ,689 Source: Bank of Thailand Unit: Million baht

33 Technology Balance of Payments as a Percentage of GDP of Selected Countries for 2006 Remark: Taiwan data and Korea data Source : 1. World Competitiveness Yearbook, IMD (various years) 2. OECD, Main Science and Technology Indicators, April Bank of Thailand & Office of The National Economic and Social Development Board)

34 Patent

35 Patent in Thailand for Source: Department of Intellectual Property

36 Patent in Thailand by Type of Patent and Nationality for Source: Department of Intellectual Property

37 Patent in Thailand by Type of Patent and Nationality for Source: Department of Intellectual Property

38 Granted Patents by Invention of Selected Countries by Nationality for 2007 (Country) 2549 (Year 2006) (Residents) (Non-residents) (Total) (Japan) 126,835 14, ,399 (Korea) 89,264 31, ,790 (China) 25,079 32,707 57,786 (Singapore) 436 6,957 7,393 (2548) (India) (2005) 1,395 2,925 4,320 (Thailand) 118 1,003 1,121 (Philippines) 38 1,015 1,053 Source : WIPO Statistics Database, July 2008 * Department of Intellectual Property Unit: Items

39 Scientific and Technological Publication

40 Scientific and Technological Publications in Thai Journal by Number of Publications and Time Cited for (Item)2546 (2003) 2547 (2004) 2548 (2005) 2549 (2006) 2550 (2007) (A) (Number of publication) 2,8593,0954,0663,6903,796 (B) (Number of time cited) 1,4921,7162,0611,8562,057 B/A Source: Thailand Research Fund: TRF

41 Number of Scientific and Technological Publications by Number of Time Cited and Publications for Source: Science Citation Index Expanded data as of 4 June 2008

42 Number of Scientific and Technological Publications per R&D Personnel by Selected Countries for 2006 (Country) : - (R&D personnel : person-year) 1 (Number of publications) 2 1 (Ratio of R&D personnel per publication) (Singapore)30,1296, (Korea) 237,59927, (Taiwan) 161,31417, (Japan) 935,18277, (2548) (Thailand) (2005) 36,9672, (China) 1,502,47278, Source: 1. Main Science and Technology Indicators 2008/1 (June 2008) 2. Science Citation Index (data as of 4 June 2008)

43 Information and Communication Technology

44 Number of Computers by Municipal Area in Thailand for Source: National Statistical Office

45 Number of Computer per 100 inhabitants of Thailand and Selected by Countries for (Country) (Year) 2547 (2004)2548 (2005)2549 (2006) (Singapore) (Hong Kong) (Korea) (Malaysia) (Philippines) (China) (Thailand)* (Lao P.D.R.) (Indonesia) Source : International Telecommunication Union (ITU) * National Statistical Office

46 Number of Internet Users in Thailand for Source: National Statistical Office Remark: *Data for population 6 years and over.

47 Number of Internet Users of Thailand and Selected by Countries for (Country) (Year) 2549 (2006)2550 (2007) () (Number of internet users: million persons) ( 100 ) (Number of internet users: per 100 people) () (Number of internet users: million persons) ( 100 ) (Number of internet users: per 100 people) (Korea) (Japan) (Taiwan) (Hong Kong) (Singapore) * (Thailand)* (China) (Philippines) (Asia) (World) 1, , Source: 1.International Telecommunication Union (ITU) 2. National Statistical Office Remark: *Data were calculated from population 6 years and over

48 Specific On-going Projects and Plans Work Plan of Subcommittee on S&T Indicators


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