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Nepal Academy of Science and Technology Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators of Nepal A country Report Chiranjivi Regmi Ganesh Kumar Pokhrel Capacity.

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Presentation on theme: "Nepal Academy of Science and Technology Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators of Nepal A country Report Chiranjivi Regmi Ganesh Kumar Pokhrel Capacity."— Presentation transcript:

1 Nepal Academy of Science and Technology Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators of Nepal A country Report Chiranjivi Regmi Ganesh Kumar Pokhrel Capacity building workshop on Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators: Current Issues and Challenges for South Asia 6-9 December, 2010 Kathmandu, Nepal

2 Nepal Academy of Science and Technology Introduction Historical Background Development Plans S&T Indicators Collecting R&D statistics Major Findings Institutional Profile Human Resources Investment in S&T S&T Equipment Recommendations Outlines of Presentation

3 Nepal Academy of Science and Technology Information on status of S&T is necessary for developing overall plan and policies of the country. It is important to have an updated status report on S&T to know the strengths, weaknesses, lacunas, shortcomings, problems and priorities. UNESCO also has been constantly urging developing countries to keep and update S&T data base. The study was carried out by NAST in collaboration with and financial support of Ministry of Science & Technology (MoST) Introduction

4 Nepal Academy of Science and Technology Historical Background Four distinct phases can be recognized to complement the development of S&T Rana Era (before1950) Transitional decade ( ) Panchayat Era ( ) Democratic Era (After 1990)

5 Nepal Academy of Science and Technology Prithvi Bir hospital AD Pharping hydropower Agriculture office Civil medical school Dept Livestock Services Training school for sub-overseers-1942 Forestry Training institute for rangers Science education at intermediate level was started in 1919 AD, upgraded to bachelor level in 1945 at Trichandra College Rana Era (before1950)

6 Nepal Academy of Science and Technology Tribhuvan University, the first University Department of Forest-1955 Department of Soil Sciences Department of Geology & Mines-1958 Department of Survey-1958 Central Bureau of Statistics Department of Medicinal Plants, Botanical Survey and National Herbarium Transitional decade ( )

7 Nepal Academy of Science and Technology Establishment of government departments continued. Research Laboratories Royal Drugs Research Laboratory (1964) Central Food Research Laboratory (1966) Corporations/companies Royal Drugs Limited (1972) Nepal Telecommunication Corporation (1975) Herbs Production and Processing Company Limited (1981) National Council for Science and Technology (NCST) 1976 (Royal) Nepal Academy of Science and Technology Water and Energy Commission (1981) (King Mahendra) National Trust for Nature Conservation (1982). Five Institutions were established in 1972 under TU. Panchayat Era ( )

8 Nepal Academy of Science and Technology At present there is a possibility of getting higher education in different fields of science and technology Kathmandu University (1991) B.P. Koirala Institue of Health Sciences (1993) Purbanchal University (1996) Pokhara University (1997) and National Academy of Medical Sciences (2004) Several constituent and affiliated technical colleges have been established. Government Research organizations -Nepal Agricultural Research Council (1991), Nepal Health Research Council (1991), Environmental Protection Council (1992) and High Level Information Technology Commission (1997) Ministry of Science and Technology came into existence. R&D organizations in private and public sector are coming up Democratic Era (After 1990)

9 Nepal Academy of Science and Technology Adopted in Nepal since 1956 with the inception of first five Year Plan S&T is being mentioned only since sixth Five Year Plan Interim plan( ) is running with the goals; to contribute towards the national goal of poverty alleviation by uplifting the living standard of the people of Nepal through the development and utilization of S&T, to increase national capacity through institutional strengthening of S&T sector, and human resource development and utilization to increase competitive capacity of production and service sectors through research and development of S&T and utilization of suitable technology. Development Plans

10 Nepal Academy of Science and Technology S&T Indicators Following indicators were identified for collection of S&T data. Institutional Profile Type of the organization (Government, Educational, Private nonprofit, Business) Activities of the organization (policy formation, R&D, Analytical services etc) Publication of S&T Journal/statistics S&T Human Resources Production of S&T Human Resources Sector wise Human Resources Human Resources by Qualification Human Resources by gender PhD Personnel in Science & Technology

11 Nepal Academy of Science and Technology S&T Budget Total allocated budget Source of funding R&D expenditure S&T Equipment Name Company Cost Order/out of order S&T Indicators

12 Nepal Academy of Science and Technology Collecting R&D Statistics Study was conducted by NAST & MoST by visiting and contacting various S&T institutions of the country Questionnaire was developed for information collection List of institutions was prepared based on the following criteria; -Government organization directly related to S&T -Universities and institutions providing higher educations -Large Industries within the Industrial Estate -Metropolitan and sub-metropolitan cities -National level NGOs and INGOs related to S&T Collected data were analyzed and a comprehensive report was prepared

13 Nepal Academy of Science and Technology During our survey we covered most of the Government and higher education institutions. Regarding private nonprofit and business institutions we covered partly only. We didnt survey the institutions related to Social science and Humanities. We have made head counts only for the calculation of R&D human resources in the country. We have also collected the information related to PhD human resources and S&T equipments Collecting R&D Statistics…

14 Nepal Academy of Science and Technology Major Findings S&T Institutions covered by study S.N.S&T Organizations/InstitutionsNumber 1Government institutions144 2Higher education institutions55 3Private/ non-profit organizations23 4Business enterprises5 5Other institutions3 Total Surveyed230

15 Nepal Academy of Science and Technology S&T Institutions Government Institutions Nepal Academy of Science and Technology (NAST) Water and Energy Commission (WECs) Nepal Agriculture Research Council (NARC) Department of Forest Research and Survey Department of Food Technology and Quality Control Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation Department of Plant Resources (DPR) Department of Mines and Geology (DMG) Department of Hydrology and Metrology (DHM) Department of Survey Department of Water Induced Disaster and Prevention

16 Nepal Academy of Science and Technology Educational Institutions Tribhuvan University (TU) Kathmandu University (KU) Pokhara University (PoU) Purbanchal University (PU) Nepal Sanskrit University (NSU) B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Science (BPKIHS) National Academy of Medical Sciences (NAMS) S&T Institutions Government Cont…. Department of Roads Department of Irrigation

17 Nepal Academy of Science and Technology S&T Institutions Sector wise status of publication of S&T journal

18 Nepal Academy of Science and Technology S&T Human Resources SNSubject1985*2005* Engineering Natural Sciences (Botany, Zoology, Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, Statistics, Geology, Meteorology, Env.Sc., Microbiology, Computer Sc) Medical Science Agriculture Forestry Food Technology Pharmacy Total Number8,23628,103 34,88044,044 Production of Human Resources

19 Nepal Academy of Science and Technology S&T Human Resources Human Resources by sector wise employment

20 Nepal Academy of Science and Technology S&T Human Resources Human resources by field of science and sector of employment Field of scienceGovernment Higher education Private nonprofit Business enterprise Not specified Total Natural sciences ,599 Engineering & technology ,694 Medical and health sciences ,581 Agricultural sciences ,185 Not specified

21 Nepal Academy of Science and Technology Human resources by academic qualification S&T Human Resources

22 Nepal Academy of Science and Technology DisciplineNumber of PhD PersonnelPercentage (%) Agriculture Engineering Botany Chemistry Medicine Physics Zoology Veterinary Mathematics Geology Forestry Microbiology Statistics Biology Environment90.86 Natural Science70.67 Food Technology40.38 Public Health40.38 Total = Distribution of PhD Personnel in different disciplines of S&T S&T Human Resources

23 Nepal Academy of Science and Technology Decade wise PhD Personnel in of S&T S&T Human Resources

24 Nepal Academy of Science and Technology SN Ethnic group Number of PhD Personnel 1Madheshi129 2Janajati358 3Dalit9 4Others570 Total1066 PhD Personnel by gender and ethnic group S&T Human Resources

25 Nepal Academy of Science and Technology Investment in S&T S. N Title2006/072007/082008/09 1 GDP at Producer Price (CBS, 2008) in million Total Government Investment in R&D (in NRs 000) Investment on R&D by percentage of GDP Government investment on R&D This is calculated based on allocated budget for major S&T institutions of the government

26 Nepal Academy of Science and Technology Investment in S&T Sector wise funding source of R&D institutions

27 Nepal Academy of Science and Technology S&T Equipment Sector wise status of present need of the S&T Equipment

28 Nepal Academy of Science and Technology S&T Equipment Sector wise repair and maintenance of the Equipment

29 Nepal Academy of Science and Technology Since, the preparation of S&T data base is continuous process requiring regular updating of the information, this has to be institutionalized. NAST is the appropriate institution for this. So, the Government of Nepal is requested to allocate annual budget to NAST for S&T database. Technology Information and Transfer Program (TITP) has to carry out this task on regular basis, accordingly NAST has to develop capacity of TITP in terms of human resources and necessary tools. There is no information about the Non Resident Nepalese (NRN) S&T human resources, it is most desirable to keep their records, and a separate study has to be carried out involving Non Resident Nepalese Association. Cooperation with international organizations such as UNESCO and other organizations for developing S&T related database and technology transfer is necessary. Recommendations

30 Nepal Academy of Science and Technology We are most grateful to Ministry of Science and Technology (MoST) for financial support to carry out the study. Sincere thank goes to Prof. Dr. Surendra Kafle, Vice chancellor and Prof. Dr. Praksh Chandra Adhikari, Secretary of NAST. We are thankful to other members; Mr. Ishwor Khanal, Mr. Sanu Kaji Desar, Mr. Vijaya Singh and Mr. Dev Kumar Shah of the study team. We also thank all the institutions who had provided the valuable information during the study. Acknowledgements

31 Nepal Academy of Science and Technology Thank You for your Attention…..


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