Presentation on theme: "UNESCO INSTITUTE for STATISTICS UIS Education Survey: Questionnaire on Statistics of Educational Finance and Expenditure – B Juan Cruz Perusia 26-28 February."— Presentation transcript:
UNESCO INSTITUTE for STATISTICS UIS Education Survey: Questionnaire on Statistics of Educational Finance and Expenditure – B Juan Cruz Perusia 26-28 February 2008, Hastings
UNESCO INSTITUTE for STATISTICS Survey 2008 n Reference period: Financial year ending in 2007 n Meta data required: è National currency è Monetary unit used è Reference period è Actual expenditure or budget allocation? è How transfers were reported
UNESCO INSTITUTE for STATISTICS Structure of the questionnaire n Table 1: Expenditure on education by sources of funds n Table 2: Direct institutional expenditure on education by nature n Table 3: Total government expenditure from all sectors n Breakdowns by levels of education: ISCED 0, 1, 2, 3, 2+3, 0+1+2+3, 4, 5B, 5A+6, 5+6, n.a., All levels!!!
UNESCO INSTITUTE for STATISTICS Table 1: Expenditure on education by sources of funds n The expenditure is classified by sources of funds: è I. Public: Government (central, regional, local) è II. Private: Households; Other private entities (including firms and religious institutions and other non- profit organisations). è III. International (foreign) sources è IV. Total combined
UNESCO INSTITUTE for STATISTICS Public expenditure on education n Refers to spending on education of public authorities at all levels n Expenditure on education by other ministries or equivalent institutions is included n Includes subsidies provided to households and other private entities (e.g. financial aid to students)
UNESCO INSTITUTE for STATISTICS Classification of levels of government n All government sources of funding should be classified in three levels: Central government (national) Regional government (region, province) Local government (municipality, district, etc.)
UNESCO INSTITUTE for STATISTICS Special cases of government n If a country has only two levels of government: The lower level is designated as local not regional n If a country has more than three levels: The second level is designated as regional and all other as designated as local
UNESCO INSTITUTE for STATISTICS Expenditure from public sources n Table 1 recognizes four main types of government expenditure: è Direct expenditure on educational institutions; è Intergovernmental transfers for education; è Transfers to students or households and to other private entities; è Expenditure on education-related institutions (other than for educational institutions)
UNESCO INSTITUTE for STATISTICS Direct expenditure on educational institutions n Disaggregated according to the type of service provider for which the payments are made: è Public educational institutions è Government-dependent private educational institutions è Independent private educational institutions è Education-related institutions (other than for educational institutions)
UNESCO INSTITUTE for STATISTICS Rows in table 1: combination of letter and numbers n C = central government expenditure n R = regional government expenditure n L = local government expenditure n G = government expenditure (all levels of government combined) n H = household expenditure n E = expenditure by other private entities n P = private-sector expenditure (households and other private entities combined) n F = funds from international (foreign) sources n N = combined public, private and international expenditure
UNESCO INSTITUTE for STATISTICS Table 2: Direct institutional expenditure on education by nature In table 2, expenditure is classified by: Expenditure categories (current and capital) Types of service provider Public institutions Government dependent-private institutions Government independent- private institutions
UNESCO INSTITUTE for STATISTICS Main function of table 2 Expenditure in this table is intended to represent the total cost of services provided by each type of institution Without taking into account the source of funds (public, private or international).
UNESCO INSTITUTE for STATISTICS Expenditure by type of institutions n Table 2 is divided into three parts. Individual rows are identified by combination of letters and numbers where: X=public institutions Y=government-dependent private Z=independent private
UNESCO INSTITUTE for STATISTICS Missing / unavailable data n Problem with providing data for private institutions Appropriate missing codes should be inserted in this case
UNESCO INSTITUTE for STATISTICS Expenditure by resources category n Two categories: Current expenditure Goods and services consumed within the current year Capital expenditure Assets that last more than one year
UNESCO INSTITUTE for STATISTICS Current expenditure n Current expenditure is broken down into: Expenditure on compensation of personnel Expenditure on other resources
UNESCO INSTITUTE for STATISTICS Categories of educational personnel n Teaching staff: involved in guiding and directing the learning n Other pedagogical or administrative staff: headmasters, administrators, supervisors, school health personnel n Support personnel: clerical, maintenance, drivers
UNESCO INSTITUTE for STATISTICS Coverage of compensation n Gross salaries, before deduction of taxes, retirement contribution or health plan n Expenditure on retirement, actual or imputed n Other non-salary compensation for fringe benefits like health, insurance and also free/reduced housing, etc…
UNESCO INSTITUTE for STATISTICS Other current expenditure than on compensation of personnel Table 2 recognizes three categories : School books and teaching material Student welfare services: meals, health services, transportation, hall of residence Other current: maintenance, rents, electricity, communication, fuel, travel expenses
UNESCO INSTITUTE for STATISTICS Capital expenditure Capital expenditure is expenditure for assets that last longer than one year. It includes expenditure for construction, renovation and major repairs of buildings and the purchase of heavy equipment or vehicles.
UNESCO INSTITUTE for STATISTICS Capital expenditure (contd) n The capital expenditure reported represents the value of educational capital assets acquired or created during the year in question regardless of whether the capital expenditure was financed from current revenue or by borrowing.
UNESCO INSTITUTE for STATISTICS Example of capital expenditure n School building costing 100 millions is constructed in 2004, the full 100 million should be reported as capital expenditure for 2004, even if the building is financed by a loan, with repayment spread over 20 years
UNESCO INSTITUTE for STATISTICS Exclusion in expenditure n Expenditure for debt servicing should NOT be included in either capital or current expenditure. Neither interest payments nor repayments of loan principal should be included
UNESCO INSTITUTE for STATISTICS Table 3: Government expenditure from all sectors n International sources are not available for total public expenditure. n The government expenditure reported should correspond to what is reported internationally under the System of National Accounts (SNA).
UNESCO INSTITUTE for STATISTICS Total government expenditure from ALL sectors (including education!)