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© NACETEM 2010 NACETEM…Managing Technology for Sustainable Development DEVELOPMENT OF SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION.

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Presentation on theme: "© NACETEM 2010 NACETEM…Managing Technology for Sustainable Development DEVELOPMENT OF SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION."— Presentation transcript:

1 © NACETEM 2010 NACETEM…Managing Technology for Sustainable Development DEVELOPMENT OF SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION INDICATORS Nigerias Progress Report Willie O. Siyanbola (PhD Sussex), FMSN, FSESN Director-General/CEO, NACETEM Focal Point Coordinator A Report Presented at the Regional Workshop on Capacity Building in STI Policy Reviews and S&T Statistics and Indicators for West Africa Bamako, Mali, 10 – 14 May

2 © NACETEM 2010 NACETEM…Managing Technology for Sustainable Development PRESENTATION OUTLINE Nigeria Fact File Background – S&T Structure in Nigeria – STI Indicators Project in Nigeria (S&T Statistical System) Research Methodology Major Challenges Key Outcomes On-going Policy Research projects Planned related Policy Research projects Lessons Learnt 2

3 © NACETEM 2010 NACETEM…Managing Technology for Sustainable Development Nigeria – Some fact file Political Independence: 1960 Population: 140 million (2007) Land area 923,000 sq km Education/Research institutions: 104 Universities 66 Polytechnics Education/Research institutions: 104 Universities 66 Polytechnics 52 Monotechnics About 75 Research Institutes Economy 6th largest oil producer (OPEC) GDP per capita: about US$1,000 Literacy: 70.7% About 75m GSM lines External reserves: US$60b Inflation rate: 14.8% Graduate Unemployment: % (2005) Nigeria A BRIEF ABOUT NIGERIA

4 © NACETEM 2010 NACETEM…Managing Technology for Sustainable Development BACKGROUND Conceived by NACETEM in 2005 to serve as the basis for the effective management of Nigerias STI system Considered in similar light to macro-economic indicators handled by the CBN. To guide policy advise on S&T issues to the HMST similar to that received by the HMF 4

5 © NACETEM 2010 NACETEM…Managing Technology for Sustainable Development BACKGROUND Integrated into NEPAD OST, ASTII in 2008 FGN has so far committed about USD200,000 ( ) while NEPAD OST USD50,000 counterpart fund (2009) To be conducted every 2-3 years henceforth 5

6 © NACETEM 2010 NACETEM…Managing Technology for Sustainable Development DEPARTMENTS STATE S&T MINISTRIES FEC PRESIDENCY NIGERIA S&T MGT STRUCTURE FMST NATIONAL ASSEMBLY NINETEEN AGENCIES AND PARASTATALS

7 © NACETEM 2010 NACETEM…Managing Technology for Sustainable Development NIGERIA S&T STATISTICAL SYSTEM 7 STAKEHOLDERS NATIONAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE NEPAD OST PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION COMMITTEE FMST (NACETEM) FMST (NACETEM) CONSULTANTS

8 © NACETEM 2010 NACETEM…Managing Technology for Sustainable Development 8 IMPLEMENTATION COMMITTEE Focal Point Coordinator, Dr Willie Siyanbola: DG/CEO, NACETEM FMST Representative, Dr ijeoma Unaogu Representative, CBN Representative, NUC Representative, NBTE Representative, NPC Representative, NBS Representative, MAN NACETEM Technical Committee Project Secretary/Desk officer – David Adeyeye

9 © NACETEM 2010 NACETEM…Managing Technology for Sustainable Development Formal collaboration instituted with relevant stakeholders e.g. NBS, NUC etc. Draft agreement signed between NEPAD OST and FMST FTE Survey conducted Data Collection for R&D and Innovation surveys completed Data Analysis completed, report writing ongoing Project Vehicle purchased to address logistics problems 9 STI INDICATORS: Summary of Recent Achievements

10 © NACETEM 2010 NACETEM…Managing Technology for Sustainable Development Nigerias Higher Education and Research System 104 Universities 66 Polytechnics 52 Monotechnics About 75 Research Institutes and Centres 10

11 © NACETEM 2010 NACETEM…Managing Technology for Sustainable Development National Innovation Survey Conducted in collaboration with the National Bureau of Statistics Focussed on manufacturing activities btw Sample of top 1000 firms selected from both the 2008 Business Register of NBS and the Stock Market Efforts are on to conduct similar survey in the Service sector in

12 © NACETEM 2010 NACETEM…Managing Technology for Sustainable Development Conduct of the Surveys Structured questionnaire with open and closed- ended questions. Letter of support from the HMST, ES-NUC and SG- NBS Questionnaires were delivered by hand and lodged at the office of the Heads of the institutions Follow –up was through repeated phone calls and personal visits to the designated respondent in each institution 12

13 © NACETEM 2010 NACETEM…Managing Technology for Sustainable Development METHODOLOGY: R&D Survey R&D Survey: Frascati Manual Census of research institutes and universities; some selected polytechnics 13

14 © NACETEM 2010 NACETEM…Managing Technology for Sustainable Development Measured Indicators: R&D Personnel Disaggregated by: – Age – Highest academic qualification – Gender – Nationality 14

15 © NACETEM 2010 NACETEM…Managing Technology for Sustainable Development R&D Expenditure Disaggregated by: – Expenditure type: labour, capital, other currrent – Type of research – Sources of Funds – Academic fields – Multidisciplinary R&D – National Priority Areas – Targeted Economic Sector 15

16 © NACETEM 2010 NACETEM…Managing Technology for Sustainable Development R&D Outputs Academic publication Intellectual Property – Patent – Copyright – Industrial design Spin out/off 16

17 © NACETEM 2010 NACETEM…Managing Technology for Sustainable Development METHODOLOGY: Innovation Survey Innovation Survey: Oslo Manual Manufacturing firms with: – Employees of minimum of 10 – Activities under ISIC 3.1, Division Service sector with: (2010) – Employees of a minimum of 10 – Activities under ISIC 3.1, Division

18 © NACETEM 2010 NACETEM…Managing Technology for Sustainable Development Indicators: Innovation Survey Product and Process Innovation Market and organisational innovation Ongoing/Abandoned Innovation Innovation Activities and Expenditure Linkages and Licencing Motivation for innovating Effects for Innovation Information sources for Innovation Factors Hampering Innovation Government support for innovation 18

19 © NACETEM 2010 NACETEM…Managing Technology for Sustainable Development Major Challenges Understanding of Concepts and Definitions of key terminologies Questionnaire Design Data Collection Data Analysis 19

20 © NACETEM 2010 NACETEM…Managing Technology for Sustainable Development Challenges: Understanding of Key Concepts Estimation of FTE Different perception of R&D activities in universities Difficulty in categorising R&D and R&D expenditure e.g. Type of research, expenditure according to academic fields, national priority area of R&D etc. 20

21 © NACETEM 2010 NACETEM…Managing Technology for Sustainable Development Challenges: Questionnaire Design Rigid and lengthy definition of key terminologies Too many tables Handling of RF, SEO, SIC codes 21

22 © NACETEM 2010 NACETEM…Managing Technology for Sustainable Development Challenges: Data Collection Labour unrest in Nigerian tertiary institutions Poor record keeping/management system in institutions Missing response e.g. turnover Breakdown of expenditure on R&D: most institutions do not have detailed breakdown in the format expected Structure of R&D questionnaire (Single questionnaire with inputs from different units of an institution) Inadequate expertise 22

23 © NACETEM 2010 NACETEM…Managing Technology for Sustainable Development Other Challenges: R&D Output/Impact Types of R&D outputs Methodology for measurement 23

24 © NACETEM 2010 NACETEM…Managing Technology for Sustainable Development Modes of Dissemination Technical report to be submitted to both the FMST and NEPAD OST NACETEM to organise workshop for result dissemination to stakeholders Various national and international conferences Publication of articles in reputable journals globally 24

25 © NACETEM 2010 NACETEM…Managing Technology for Sustainable Development Related On-going Policy Research Projects Reform of Nigerias STI System – FMST/UNESCO ($1m) Review of Nigerias Science & Technology Policy ($150,000) Assessment of Technological Entrepreneurial Attitudinal Status in Nigerian Tertiary Institutions ($250, 000) – Funded by The World Bank under the STEPB Project R&D in Nigerian Tertiary and Research Institutes ($50,000) Assessment of Innovation Capability of Selected Manufacturing Industries in Nigeria ($35,000) 25

26 © NACETEM 2010 NACETEM…Managing Technology for Sustainable Development Planned Policy Research Projects Assessment of Innovation in Nigerian Film Industry R&D and Health Innovation Systems in Nigerian Health Sector Database of S&T professionals in Nigeria Public understanding of S&T in Nigeria Designing of Indicators for the informal sector 26

27 © NACETEM 2010 NACETEM…Managing Technology for Sustainable Development Lessons Learnt The need to work with the NUC and relevant research institutes on proper and effective record keeping with regards to R&D. The need to have common definitions of key terminologies in developing countries context e.g. estimation of Full Time Equivalent (FTE) The need for improved, early and timely release of funds 27

28 © NACETEM 2010 NACETEM…Managing Technology for Sustainable Development Lessons Learnt Embarking on a comprehensive sensitisation workshop for stakeholders before embarking on next round of surveys Better methodology of measuring R&D outputs 28

29 © NACETEM 2010 NACETEM…Managing Technology for Sustainable Development THANK YOU 29


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