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Section V Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps Section NC Department of.

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Presentation on theme: "Section V Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps Section NC Department of."— Presentation transcript:

1 Section V Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps Section NC Department of Public Instruction Third Edition Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps Section PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction i

2 Table of Contents SECTION I Self-Esteem & Student Achievement SECTION II Managing Behavior & Promoting Self-Discipline SECTION III Effective Parent/ Teacher Conferences SECTION IV Home Study Skills SECTION V Language Development SECTION VI Knowledge is Power Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps Section PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction ii

3 Section I Self-Esteem and Student Achievement SE 1 Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps Section PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction

4 Objectives Define self-esteem and the relationship between self-esteem and academic achievement. Discover how self-esteem is developed Understand the important role of parents self-esteem in the development of their childs self-esteem. Identify specific ways parents can build their childs self-esteem. Self-Esteem & Student Achievement Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction SE 2

5 What is Self-Esteem? Its a word we use to describe how we feel about ourselves. Self-Esteem & Student Achievement Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction SE 3

6 Activity How is Self-Esteem Developed? Self-Esteem & Student Achievement Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction SE 4

7 Activity Ways Parents Can Build Their Own Self-Esteem Self-Esteem & Student Achievement Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction SE 5

8 Self-Esteem and Academic Achievement When self-esteem is high, children learn and retain more. Children with a high self-esteem are able to cope more creatively with life. Self-Esteem & Student Achievement Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction SE 6

9 Elements of Building Self-Esteem A. Security B. Identity C. Belonging D. Purpose E. Competence Self-Esteem & Student Achievement Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction SE 7

10 Why is Self-Esteem Important? How a child feels about himself/herself will impact his/her outlook on life. A childs success or failure may be contingent upon personal self-esteem. Self-Esteem & Student Achievement Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction SE 8

11 Maslows Hierarchy of Needs Sense of Belonging to a Group, Acceptance of Other People, Love and Affection Self-Esteem & Student Achievement Protection from Physical Harm, Freedom from Anxiety and Fear Achievement of Independence, Self-Esteem, Recognition, Confidence, Deserved Respect SELF-FULFILLMENT NEEDS EGO NEEDS SOCIAL NEEDS SECURITY NEEDS PHYSIOLOGICAL NEEDS Food, Shelter, Clothing, Sleep Sense of Accomplishment, Sense of Achievement at Full Capacity, New Challenges, Broadening of Horizons of Interest/Self-Actualization Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction SE 9

12 Activity Saving Danny Self-Esteem & Student Achievement Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction SE 10

13 Self-Esteem & Student Achievement Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction SE 11 Ways Parents Can Build Self-Esteem in their Children A. Understanding and accepting our childrens learning problems and demystifying these problems for them B. Teaching children how to solve problems and make decisions C. Reinforcing responsibility by having children contribute D. Learning from rather than feeling defeated by mistakes E. Special needs or feeling special

14 Activity Ways I Can Help My Child Build Self-Esteem Self-Esteem & Student Achievement Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction SE 12

15 Take-home Activity Building Self-Confidence Self-Esteem & Student Achievement Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction SE 13

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17 Section II Managing Behavior and Promoting Self-Discipline MB 1 Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps Section PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction

18 You just got to love them! Managing & Promoting Self-Discipline Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction MB 2

19 Objectives Identify annoying behaviors and their relationship to the environment. Identify responsible and irresponsible behaviors and the goal of behaviors. Identify key social and emotional skills children need. Identify 40 Developmental Assets® and develop an understanding of the importance of each in relation to a childs behavior. Identify and understand the importance of Eight Traits of Character Education. Gain insight into certain truths about behavior. Identify key facts about challenging behaviors. Managing & Promoting Self-Discipline Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction MB 3

20 Objectives (continued) Identify ways behaviors are learned. Define discipline, punishment, positive reinforcement and their affects on behavior management. Identify factors that influence childrens behavior and define prevention. Identify strategies for intervening when irresponsible behaviors are displayed. Identify three types of parenting styles (permissive, author-itative, mentoring/affirming) and characteristics of each. Identify the importance of positive relationships. Discover questions children can use for self-reflection during discipline. Practice teaching a behavior or intervention. Managing & Promoting Self-Discipline Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction MB 4

21 Examining Our Attitudes about Challenging Behavior What behaviors make you crazy or push your buttons? How do these behaviors make you feel? Managing & Promoting Self-Discipline Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction MB 5

22 Activity Identifying Responsible, Irresponsible and Replacement Behaviors Managing & Promoting Self-Discipline Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction MB 6

23 Key Social and Emotional Skills Children Need Key Skills - Confidence - Capacity to develop good relationships with peers - Concentration and persistence on challenging tasks - Ability to effectively communicate emotions - Ability to listen to instructions and be attentive When children dont have these skills, they often exhibit challenging behaviors. We must focus on teaching the skills!! Promoting the Social Emotional Competence of Young Children. The Center on the Social and Emotional Foundations for Early Learning Managing & Promoting Self-Discipline Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction MB 7

24 40 Developmental Assets ® (Activity) External Assets - Support - Empowerment - Boundaries & Expectations - Constructive Use of Time Source: Search Institute Internal Assets - Commitment to Learning - Positive Values - Social Competencies - Positive Identity Managing & Promoting Self-Discipline Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction MB 8

25 Eight Traits of Character Education Courage Good judgment Integrity Kindness Perseverance Respect Responsibility Self-discipline Managing & Promoting Self-Discipline Source: Public Schools of North Carolina. Character Education Informational Handbook and Guide. Raleigh, NC. NCDPI, Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction MB 9

26 What is True about Behavior? Behavior is learned. Behavior is escalated through successive interactions or repeated practice. Behavior can be changed through an instructional approach. Managing & Promoting Self-Discipline Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction MB 10

27 What is True about Behavior? (continued) Challenging behavior is most often related to some underdeveloped skill (e.g., language, social). Behavior that persists over time usually has some payoff for the child. When we have positive relationships with children, supportive home environments, and when we focus on teaching social and communication skills, we reduce the likelihood of challenging behavior. Managing & Promoting Self-Discipline Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction MB 11

28 What is True about Behavior? (continued) Childrens behavior is influenced by the relationship and interactions between adults and children in varied settings. Managing behavior is not simply about adults having control over a child. Managing & Promoting Self-Discipline Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction MB 12

29 If a child doesnt know how to read, we teach. If a child doesnt know how to swim, we teach. If a child doesnt know how to multiply, we teach. If a child doesnt know how to drive, we teach. If a child doesnt know how to behave, we……..... ……….teach? ………punish? Why cant we finish the last sentence as automatically as we do the others? Tom Herner (NASDE President, Counterpoint 1998, p.2) Managing & Promoting Self-Discipline Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction MB 13

30 Challenging Behavior is… any repeated pattern of behavior that interferes with learning or engagement in pro-social interactions with peers and adults; any behavior that is not responsive to the use of developmentally appropriate guidance procedures. Promoting the Social Emotional Competence of Young Children. The Center on the Social and Emotional Foundations for Early Learning Managing & Promoting Self-Discipline Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction MB 14

31 Why Some Children Engage in Challenging Behavior Children engage in challenging behavior because it works for them. Challenging behavior results in the child gaining access to something or avoiding something. Managing & Promoting Self-Discipline Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction MB 15

32 If behaviors are learned... then how do children learn behaviors? Managing & Promoting Self-Discipline Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction MB 16

33 Discipline vs. Punishment Managing & Promoting Self-Discipline Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction MB 17

34 Positive Reinforcement… shapes behavior by setting clear and appropriate expectations, recognizing when they are displayed, and acknowledging the accomplishment; and helps the adult create a positive environment that allows others to discourage irresponsible behavior in children. Managing & Promoting Self-Discipline Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction MB 18

35 Identify Factors That Influence Childrens Behavior Be conscious of the childs body language. Recognize possible triggers for the child. Take into consideration outside factors and influences on the childs behavior: - an argument at school or in the neighborhood; - an incident on the bus; - difficulties with siblings, peers, etc. Managing & Promoting Self-Discipline Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction MB 19

36 Focusing On Prevention Means: 1. intervening early in a proactive manner; 2. recognizing triggers or patterns of behavior and routines that preface the display of irresponsible behavior; 3. pre-correcting frequently before the irresponsible behavior occurs; and 4. praising the child for displaying the responsible behavior. Managing & Promoting Self-Discipline Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction MB 20

37 The DOs of Intervention Managing & Promoting Self-Discipline Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction MB 21

38 Three Types of Parenting Styles Permissive Authoritative Mentoring/Affirmative Managing & Promoting Self-Discipline Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction MB 22

39 Take-home Activity What type of parent are you? Managing & Promoting Self-Discipline Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction MB 23

40 Section V Relationships are Key to Motivating Children to Become Self-governing Managing & Promoting Self-Discipline Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction MB 24

41 Questions for the Childs Self-reflection during Discipline What did you do? When you did that, what did you want? What are a few other things you could have done instead? What will you do the next time? Managing & Promoting Self-Discipline Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction MB 25

42 Activity (Optional) Develop a method for teaching a desired behavior Develop and present a role-play activity demonstrating either: - Intervention prior to the display of irresponsible behavior - Intervention during the display of an irresponsible behavior - Teaching a desired behavior Managing & Promoting Self-Discipline Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction MB 26

43 Teaching Self-Discipline... may be stressful at times; requires planning and preparation; may be time consuming; may involve more than the child and the parent; requires the use of multiple strategies and interventions; and is necessary for success in school and in life. Managing & Promoting Self-Discipline Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction MB 27

44 Section V Promoting the Social Emotional Competence of Young Children. The Center on the Social and Emotional Foundations for Early Learning Managing Personal Stress: Thought Control Calming Thoughts This child is testing to see where the limits are. My job is to stay calm and help him learn better ways to behave. I can handle this. I am in control. [My child has] just learned some powerful ways to get control. I will teach [him] more appropriate ways to behave. Upsetting Thoughts That child is a monster. This is getting ridiculous. Hell never change. Im sick of putting out fires! Managing & Promoting Self-Discipline Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction MB 28

45 Effective Parent/Teacher Conferences Section III Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps Section PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction PT 1

46 Objectives Effective Parent/Teacher Conferences Identify the purposes of parent/teacher conferences. Identify the rights of parents/guardians. Develop and use strategies to prepare for parent/teacher conferences. Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction PT 2

47 Objectives (continued) Identify and use effective communication skills during parent/teacher conferences. Identify questions parents should ask during the parent/teacher conference. Effective Parent/Teacher Conferences Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction PT 3

48 The Purposes of Parent/Teacher Conferences Activity Effective Parent/Teacher Conferences Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction PT 4

49 You Have the Right to… review records, take time off for school-related matters, and talk with your childs teacher. Effective Parent/Teacher Conferences Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction PT 5

50 Activities Preparing for the Parent/Teacher Conference Effective Parent/Teacher Conferences Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction PT 6

51 The Importance of Basic Communication Skills in a Parent/Teacher Conference Effective Parent/Teacher Conferences Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction PT 7

52 Active Listening… tends to be more difficult than most realize; requires the listener to focus on the speaker in order to understand the speakers message; and it requires the listener to suspend judgments and direct her energy into listening attentively. Effective Parent/Teacher Conferences Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction PT 8

53 Active Listening Skills Focused attention Verbal feedback Open mindedness Questioning techniques Expressed interest Effective Parent/Teacher Conferences Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction PT 9

54 10 Suggestions to Improve Listening Skills Stop talking. Concentrate on the speaker. Put the other person at ease. Remove distractions. Be patient. Hold your temper. Do not argue; reserve your criticism. Make eye contact. Ask questions. Stop talking. Adapted from the University of Minnesota Extension Service Effective Parent/Teacher Conferences Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction PT 10

55 Activity Just the Facts Effective Parent/Teacher Conferences Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction PT 11

56 Activity Active Listening Effective Parent/Teacher Conferences Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction PT 12

57 Put Another Way DoDont Use active listening skills Yell Remain calm Use profanity Write a thank-you note Threaten anyone that reflects the outcome Throw tantrums of the meeting Effective Parent/Teacher Conferences Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction PT 13

58 What SHOULD I Ask? Effective Parent/Teacher Conferences Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction PT 14

59 Empowering Questions Parents and Advocates Should Ask Schools At what level is my child performing on the End-of- Grade or End-of-Course Tests? What is my childs scale score within that level? (Note: If your child is performing at Level I or Level II, say, I wish to review my childs Personal Education Plan. If there is not one, insist that one be written with parental input.) Effective Parent/Teacher Conferences Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction PT 15

60 Empowering Questions Parents and Advocates Should Ask Schools On what grade level is my child being taught? Who is my childs counselor and what does he/she do with my child? Is my child in rigorous and challenging classes? What does the school do to get more minority and other diverse students in these types of classes? What supports are given to these students – academically and socially? Effective Parent/Teacher Conferences Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction PT 16

61 Empowering Questions Parents and Advocates Should Ask Schools (continued) How does my child perform in class, academically, behaviorally, and with regard to completion of homework? Did our school make its ABC goals? What is the level of performance of our school? Did all of our schools subgroups make Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP)? Effective Parent/Teacher Conferences Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction PT 17

62 Empowering Questions Parents and Advocates Should Ask Schools (continued) How is the school using its at-risk funds, Title I funds, the Student Accountability Standards funds, or other funds to assist students who are functioning below grade level? (Ask specifically about your child if your child is performing at Level I or Level II.) Does our school use ability grouping to track students? If so, what is the percentage of minority students and other diverse students (African-American, American Indian, Hispanic, Free/ Reduced Lunch students) in those advanced classes or groups? Effective Parent/Teacher Conferences Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction PT 18

63 Empowering Questions Parents and Advocates Should Ask Schools (continued) What can I do to help my child? When can I schedule a time that my child and I can meet with all of my childs teachers? How do I contact the teacher? The Principal? Central Office? Administrators? The Superintendent? How do I join the schools parent organization (e.g. PTA, PTSA, PTSO, etc)? Effective Parent/Teacher Conferences Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction PT 19

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65 Section V Section IV Home Study Skills Providing Home Learning Experiences Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps Section PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction HSS 1

66 Objectives Determine why teachers assign homework, how much is appropriate and characteristics of effective homework. Determine how to help children with homework by learning techniques to monitor homework and by emphasizing the value of education. Explore ways to provide homework guidance for children. Home Study Skills Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction HSS 2

67 Home Study Skills Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction HSS 3 Objectives (continued) Learn how to help develop study strategies by using a childs preferred learning style in order to strengthen his/her study skills. Determine how to maximize childrens success at home and school through communication between students, parents and teachers. Discover the top homework challenges and ways in which to trouble-shoot these behaviors and eliminate them.

68 Why Do Teachers Assign Homework? Home Study Skills Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction HSS 4

69 Home Study Skills Why Do Teachers Assign Homework? Review and practice Get ready for the next days class Learn to use resources Explore subjects more fully Extend the learning Integrate students learning Teach independence and encourage self-discipline Communication Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction HSS 5

70 The BIG Question for the Day… Does Homework Really Help? YES IF ASSIGNMENTS ARE… meaningful completed successfully returned with constructive comments from the teacher Home Study Skills Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction HSS 6

71 Home Study Skills Whats the Right Amount of Homework? Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction HSS 7

72 Home Study Skills Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction HSS 8

73 Home Study Skills SELF-EVALUATION Helping Your Child with Homework Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction HSS 9

74 How Can I Show My Child the Importance of Education and Homework? Set a regular time for homework. Pick a place. Remove distractions. Provide supplies and resources. Set a good example. Be interested and interesting. Home Study Skills Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction HSS 10

75 Home Study Skills What is the Best Way to Monitor Homework? Ask about the schools homework policy. Be available. Praise efforts. Review completed assignments. Monitor time spent viewing television and playing video games. Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction HSS 11

76 Home Study Skills Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction HSS 12

77 Home Study Skills What Do Teachers Want? Think? (monitoring homework) Asked to teachers: Which role should parents play when it comes to the homework you typically assign the students in your classes? And as far as you can tell, which do most of your students parents typically do when it comes to their childrens homework? Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction HSS 13

78 Home Study Skills What Do Teachers Want? Think? (monitoring homework) Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction HSS 14

79 Home Study Skills How to Provide Guidance? Help the child get organized. Encourage good study habits. Talk about the assignment(s). Watch for frustration. Give praise. Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction HSS 15

80 Which Quotation Applies to You? 1. Parkinson's Law states that work always expands to fill the time set aside for it. 2. We must use time as a tool, not as a couch. 3. Never before have we had so little time in which to do so much. 4. The Law of Trivialities states that we spend the greatest time on the least important events. Home Study Skills Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction HSS 16

81 Home Study Skills Time Management Football Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction HSS 17

82 Organization and Time Management Skills Write down assignments/activities. Prioritize. Create a schedule/calendar/plan. Follow the plan. Reward. Relax – you are in control of your time. Home Study Skills Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction HSS 18

83 Home Study Skills Study Strategies Start early and study over several days. Study briefly but study hard. – Note cards – SQ3R method Make it meaningful. Dont forget the big picture. Study using your learning style. Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction HSS 19

84 Section V Home Study Skills Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction HSS 20 What is Your Learning Style?

85 Home Study Skills Study Strategies Based on Your Learning Style Visual – seeing Auditory – hearing Expression – reading and writing Kinesthetic – doing Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction HSS 21

86 Home Study Skills What Can Parents Do to Maximize Their Childs Success at Home and at School? Convey their concerns to the teacher. Work with the teacher. Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction HSS 22

87 Home Study Skills Trouble-Shooting Case Studies Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction HSS 23

88 Home Study Skills Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction HSS 24

89 Home Study Skills Top Homework Challenges for Parents Child does not bring home the right materials Homework assignments are not written down Child does not understand Too much homework Homework leads to a struggle and therefore becomes stressful Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction HSS 25

90 Home Study Skills You Can Make a Difference! Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction HSS 26

91 Section V Language Development Section V Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps Section PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction LD 1

92 I wonder… Language Development When does a child develop language? Where do they learn language? How do they learn language? What is language? Is language really that important for school success? Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction LD 2

93 Recognize that language development is directly influenced by culture, experiences, and environment. Identify how individuals influence language development. Identify the registers of language and the impact they have on student achievement. Identify strategies parents, educators and parent groups can use to improve language development of children. Objectives Language Development Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction LD 3

94 Vocabulary Brainstorming Activity Language Development Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction LD 4

95 Blueberry Language Development Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction LD 5

96 Atherosclerosis Language Development Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction LD 6

97 Eucharist Language Development Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction LD 7

98 Develop Extraordinary Language in Ordinary Ways Language Development Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction LD 8

99 Language Development It is what you say and How you say it Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction LD 9

100 Lets Practice! Change the simple commands in column 1 into language rich commands that express the what, why, and how. Language Development BASIC COMMAND Use language that clearly states what you want them to do, a reason why they should to do it, and a suggestion as to how they can do it. Put your toys away! Use your manners! Use your turn signals! or Be in by curfew! Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction LD 10

101 Culture Parenting Styles Socio-Economic Background Language Development Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction LD 11

102 Jennifer, please pick the dirty silver fork up off the floor and put it in the kitchen sink so I can wash it after supper. Pick that up! Im very disappointed and ashamed of your talking and playing during church services today. You better stop all that talking in church! Language Development Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction LD 12

103 Words heard per hour… Hart and Risley, American Educator 2003 Language Development Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction LD 13

104 Parent Affirmations and Prohibitions Research about language in children from ages 1 to 3 from stable households by economic groups Hart & Risley 2003 Language Development Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction LD 14

105 It is never too late to impact the language development of your child! Language Development Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction LD 15

106 Linguists identify features of register to include pronunciation, vocabulary and grammar. Register is the way that language varies based on what the individual is doing. Such variations may be affected by: What you are talking about; To whom you are speaking; Why you are talking; What mode of communication you are using (e.g., written, spoken, or sign language); and Your attitude to the situation. Registers of Language Language Development Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction LD 16

107 Registers of Language Language Development Chart from Ruby K. Paynes A Framework for Understanding Poverty REGISTERDEFINITION Frozen Language that is always the same. For example: Lords Prayer, wedding vows, etc. Formal The standard sentence syntax and word choice of work and school. Has complete sentences and specific word choices. Consultative Formal register when used in conversation. Discourse pattern not quite as direct as formal register. Casual Language between friends and is characterized by a 400- to 800-word not specific. Conversation dependent upon non-verbal assists. Sentence syntax often incomplete. Intimate Language between lovers or twins. Language of sexual harassment. Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction LD 17

108 I pledge allegiance to the flag of the United States of America, and to the republic for which it stands, one nation under God, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all. Pledge of Allegiance Language Development Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction LD 18

109 Know the Difference! Language Development Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction LD 19

110 What did he say? What did he mean? Language Development Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction LD 20

111 NOW WHAT? Language Development Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction LD 21

112 Strategies Language Development Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction LD 22

113 TV time should be limited Language Development Tips from Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction LD 23

114 Speak to me in complete sentences.…No Baby Talk! Language Development Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction LD 24

115 Language Development Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction LD 25 Read, speak, and sing to your child in your native language. Read bi-lingual books to help – your childs vocabulary and listening skills, and – increase your childs ability to use language. Read Daily to Your Child! Even if you dont know English Source:

116 Three mothers in a research study on the effects of reading to children saw the following benefits after reading aloud to them: - their childrens ability to learn letters and sounds increased, - vocabulary expansion, and - their children began pretending to read. Other mothers reported that their children developed longer attention spans, greater imagination, and the ability to predict upcoming events. Research conducted by Connie R. Green & Sharen Halsall Head Start Families Sharing Literature, Early Childhood Research & Practice Fall 2004: Vol 6 No 2 Language Development Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction LD 26

117 A book is a book, right? Language Development Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction LD 27

118 A book is a book, right? continued The following examples demonstrate the difference between language in pop culture books and noteworthy books: Pop Culture Book: "Her wicked stepmother and spoiled stepsisters made Cinderella do all the chores, day and night" (Findlay, 2004, unpaged). Noteworthy Book/Language Rich: "The girl had to do all the unpleasant tasks about the house, scrubbing and sweeping and keeping her stepsisters beautiful rooms clean and neat, while she herself slept on a wretched straw mattress in a little attic." (Perrault, 1999, unpaged). Language Development Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction LD 28

119 Make Every Word Count Language Development Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction LD 29

120 Reading Process… Choose a book of interest to the child. Pre-reading activities - Predict the story line based on the books cover - Take a picture walk - Begin with the title page Language Development Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction LD 30

121 Point to the words as you read Read a little…wonder a little Read with expression During Reading… Language Development Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction LD 31

122 After Reading… Retell the story (B, M, E). Ask questions at all levels of thinking. Question the characters emotions in the story. Solicit the childs opinions of book. Language Development Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction LD 32

123 Practice Makes Perfect! Language Development Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction LD 33

124 Build Vocabulary with Word Walls Language Development Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction LD 34

125 Graphic Organizers Language Development Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction LD 35

126 Language Development Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction LD 36

127 Language Development Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction LD 37

128 Not all readers are leaders, but all leaders are readers. Harry Truman The limits of my language means the limits of my world. Ludwig Wittgenstein Language Development Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction LD 38

129 Knowledge is Power Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps Section PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction Section VI KIP 1

130 Objectives Identify significant aspects of the No Child Left Behind legislation. Understand North Carolinas ABCs of Public Education. Identify North Carolinas Student Accountability Standards. Identify acronyms used in education. Identify powerful questions that parents and advocates should ask teachers and administrators. Knowledge is Power Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction KIP 2

131 No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) School Choice Supplemental Educational Services Reporting Highly Qualified Teachers Knowledge is Power Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction KIP 3

132 The major goal of the federal No Child Left Behind law is for all public school children to perform at grade level in reading and math by the end of the school year. The School as a Whole White Black Hispanic Native American Asian Multicultural Economically Disadvantaged Students Limited English Proficient Students (LEP) Students with Disabilities (SWD) Knowledge is Power Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction KIP 4

133 Knowledge is Power Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction KIP 5

134 ABCs of Public Education Accountability Mastery of Basic Skills Local Control Knowledge is Power Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction KIP 6

135 Student Accountability Standards Gateways Grade 3 Grade 5 Grade 8 High School Knowledge is Power Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction KIP 7

136 Student Accountability Standards Personalized Education Plan Most include… Diagnostic evaluation Intervention strategies Monitoring component Knowledge is Power Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction KIP 8

137 North Carolina Graduation Requirements Knowledge is Power Content AreaCareer PrepCollege Tech Prep College/ University Prep Occupational English4 Credits Mathematics3 Credits 4 Credits3 Credits Science3 Credits 2 Credits Social Studies3 Credits 2 Credits Second Language2 Credits Computer Skills Proficiency Proficiency as specified in IEP Health and Physical Education 1 Credit Career/Technical4 Credits Arts Education4 CreditsRecommend 1 Credit Electives2 Credits 3 Credits6 Credits Total20 Credits 22 Credits Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction KIP 9

138 My Thoughts and Feelings Conversations About Accountability Knowledge is Power Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction KIP 10

139 What About All Those Letters? (Activity) ABC ELL EOC IPT LEP ADM IPT SAT AYP TIMSSCS Knowledge is Power Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction KIP 11

140 What SHOULD I Ask? Knowledge is Power Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction KIP 12

141 Empowering Questions Parents and Advocates Should Ask Schools At what level is my child performing on the End-of-Grade or End-of-Course Tests? What is my childs scale score within that level? (Note: If your child is performing at Level I or Level II, say, I wish to review my childs Personal Education Plan. If there is not one, insist that one be written with parental input.) Knowledge is Power Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction KIP 13

142 Empowering Questions Parents and Advocates Should Ask Schools (continued) On what grade level is my child being taught? Who is my childs counselor and what does he/she do with my child? Is my child in rigorous and challenging classes? What does the school do to get more minority and other diverse students in these types of classes? What supports are given to these students – academically and socially? Knowledge is Power Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction KIP 14

143 Empowering Questions Parents and Advocates Should Ask Schools (continued) How does my child perform in class, academically, behaviorally, and with regard to completion of homework? Did our school make its ABC goals? What is the level of performance of our school? Did all of our schools subgroups make Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP)? Knowledge is Power Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction KIP 15

144 Knowledge is Power Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction KIP 16 How is the school using its at-risk funds, Title I funds, the Student Accountability Standards funds, or other funds to assist students who are functioning below grade level? (Ask specifically about your child if your child is performing at Level I or Level II.) Empowering Questions Parents and Advocates Should Ask Schools (continued)

145 Does our school use ability grouping to track students? If so, what is the percentage of minority students and other diverse students (African-American, American Indian, Hispanic, Free/ Reduced Lunch students) in those advanced classes or groups? Knowledge is Power Empowering Questions Parents and Advocates Should Ask Schools (continued) Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction KIP 17

146 What can I do to help my child? When can I schedule a time that my child and I can meet with all of my childs teachers? How do I contact the teacher? The Principal? Central Office? Administrators? The Superintendent? How do I join the schools parent organization (e.g. PTA, PTSA, PTSO, etc)? Adapted from Marvin Pittmans 10 Questions to Ask Your School. Mr. Pittman is Director of Middle Grades Education at NC DPI Knowledge is Power Empowering Questions Parents and Advocates Should Ask Schools (continued) Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction KIP 18

147 Life is but one continual course of instruction. The hand of the parent writes on the heart of the child the first faint characters which time deepens into strength so that nothing can efface them. Rowland Hill ( ) Knowledge is Power Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction KIP 19

148 Knowledge is Power You Can Make a Difference! Changing the Way We Do Business in the Village through Parent/Family Empowerment | Raising Achievement & Closing Gaps PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NORTH CAROLINA State Board of Education | Department of Public Instruction KIP 20


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