Presentation on theme: "CNI April 2006 Standardized License Expression: Clarity, Control and Fair Use CNI April 2006 Sharon Farb, UCLA Daviess Menefee. Elseiver Inc. Christopher."— Presentation transcript:
CNI April 2006 Standardized License Expression: Clarity, Control and Fair Use CNI April 2006 Sharon Farb, UCLA Daviess Menefee. Elseiver Inc. Christopher McKenzie, John Wiley & Sons Alicia Wise, Publishers Licensing Society
CNI April 2006 Session Outline Why Libraries would find licensing messages helpful in their ERMs Why Publishers might be willing to provide licensing messages Approaches Publishers are taking to simplify license terms Examples encoding licenses emerging ONIX licensing standard
CNI April 2006 What is a License Agreement? A License Agreement is a Legal Contract A verbal contract isnt worth the paper its printed on Samuel Goldwyn, Hollywood Movie Producer
CNI April 2006 Sharon E. Farb (2006) Negotiating Use, Persistence and Archiving: A Study of Academic Library and Publisher Perspectives on Licensing Digital Resources
CNI April 2006 DLF ERM Initiative By 1999 libraries were building Electronic Resource Management Systems (ERMS) in-house. Development of a best practices guide sponsored by DLF, published Vendors providing ERM systems.... We can now do useful things with license and contract terms! DLF ERMI License elements serve as de facto standards.
CNI April 2006 What Libraries want actionable licenses? What actions? Communicate to users- license compliance The Licensee shall make reasonable efforts to provide Authorised Users with appropriate notice of the terms and conditions under which access to the Licensed Content is granted under this Agreement including, in particular, any limitations on access or use of the Licensed Content as set forth in this Agreement. Communicate to staff-license compliance Where the Licensee is an academic institution or part of a not-for-profit organization, the Licensor grants the Licensee the non-exclusive right to supply a single paper copy (whether by post, fax or secure electronic transmission equivalent to Ariel whereby the electronic file is deleted after printing) of an individual article from the Licensed Materials to another academic institution or not-for-profit organization in the same country as the Licensee for non-commercial use in the purposes of research or private study. The delivery of the Licensed Materials to for-profit institutions or directly to individuals is not permitted. Systematic action and calculation Publisher may terminate this agreement... in the event of a material breach by Licensee if such breach has not been cured within sixty (60) days of written notice from Publisher.... Reporting
CNI April 2006 New Standard? Why not use RELs? Rights Expression Languages also deal with permissions and prohibitions. Can we use or adapt them? RELs designed for Digital Rights Management. Machine enforcement requires absolutely explicit, very granular expressions. Cannot easily accommodate case by case analysis and/or ambiguity.
CNI April 2006 Copyright and Licenses are based on Case by Case Analysis [Adjudicating fair use] is not to be simplified with bright-line rules, for the statute, like the doctrine it recognizes, calls for case-by-case analysis. [Campbell v. Acuff-Rose Music, Inc., 510 U.S. 569 (1994)] User may download and print a reasonable number of copies for educational or personal use.
CNI April 2006 Ambiguity can be desirable China Alters Language On Taiwan By Philip P. Pan Washington Post Foreign Service Friday, May 13, 2005 BEIJING, May Chinese President Hu Jintao proposed new diplomatic language Thursday aimed at ending the decades-old state of hostilities between China and Taiwan […] Under the new language, Hu effectively agreed to open talks if Taiwan accepted the principle of "two shores, one China" while acknowledging that the two sides might differ on precisely what that term meant.
CNI April 2006 Not too granular? Must retain degree of ambiguity? We cant encode that way, can we? Of course we can if we can agree on a degree of granularity and a degree of precision/ambiguity that satisfies our needs.