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1 Climate Change: A Global Challenge by Liz Rihoy.

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1 1 Climate Change: A Global Challenge by Liz Rihoy

2 2 Outline for the presentation Introduction: Chinese Childrens Painting Competition 2008 and 2009 Climate change: a global challenge Actions on climate change UNEP and climate change Environmental Education

3 3 Chinese Childrens Painting Competition on climate change 1st painting competition on climate change: What can we do to make our earth cool down? An unpredicted 1.5 million Chinese children participated A signal of the countrys growing awareness of environmental issues 620 paintings selected for prizes

4 4 Chinese Childrens Painting Competition on climate change The top 3 winners participated in the UNEP Tunza International Childrens Conference in Stavanger, Norway in June 2008 The top 20 winners were invited to Nairobi, to receive their prizes from UNEPs Executive Director, Mr. Achim Steiner and to participate in childrens community activities in Kenya

5 5 2 nd Chinese childrens painting competition on climate change The theme of the second competition is once again climate change, because: It is one of the worlds greatest problems The impact on young people is most severe According to leading scientists: the main cause of climate change is human activities If we are causing the problem, we should be helping to fix it

6 6 Climate change: a Global challenge Temperatures are increasing in many parts of the planet This is caused by build-up of greenhouse gases (GHGs) Continued GHG emissions at or above current rates would cause further warming and change in our climatic system Most of the increase in average temperatures is due to increase in GHG concentrations mainly by produced by human beings Between 1970 and 2004, global GHG emissions by human activities have increased by 70%

7 7 Impact of climate change Increases in global average air and ocean temperatures Rising global average sea level Widespread melting of snow and ice Source: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC): Fourth Assessment Report, Climate Change 2007 (AR4)

8 8 Impact of climate change More frequent droughts, floods and other forms of extreme weather Food supplies will be at danger Many plants and animals will not survive Rising sea levels will force hundreds of thousands of people in coastal zones to migrate

9 9 Impact of climate change on children More than 46% of the world's population is below 25 years. Approximately 175 million children will be affected by climate change induced natural disasters every year over the next decade. Children are more likely than adults to perish during natural disasters or succumb to malnutrition, injuries or disease. Women and children account for more than 75% of displaced people following natural disasters. Source: UNEP website, Paint for the Planet – Key Facts About Children and Climate Change

10 10 Actions on climate change Mitigation: Promoting low-carbon energy sources and technologies Promoting energy conservation and efficiency Reducing emissions from deforestation Adaptation: Integrating climate risks into policies and planning at different levels Addressing climate impacts in various sectors Building the capacity of communities to cope with climate change related problems

11 11 UNEP and climate change UNEP has more than 20 years of experience working on climate change Climate change is one of the 6 thematic priorities of UNEPs Medium-Term Strategy (2009 to 2013) UNEP has scaled up its climate change activities with partners and stakeholders Cooperation with the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Cooperation with the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)

12 12 UNEP and climate change UNEP Medium-Term Strategy : To strengthen the ability of countries to integrate climate change responses into national development processes" UNEP is helping governments to: a)Ensure that climate change adaptation is integrated into development processes b)Make choices that lead to reduction in GHG emissions c)Improve the deployment and transfer of better and efficient technology d)Improve land use, reduce deforestation & land degradation – increase carbon sequestration e)Ensure that policy-makers, civil society and private sector have access to climate change science and information

13 13 UNEP and climate change Mitigation UNEP has launched a major worldwide tree planting campaign – The Billion Tree Campaign. The goal is to encourage people, communities, business, industry, civil society organizations and governments to plant at least seven billion trees Worldwide by end of Currently 2.5 billion planted and 4.1 billion pledged

14 14 UNEP and climate change The Climate Neutral Network (CN Net) UNEP has established CN Net to assist those interested in achieving big cuts in greenhouse gas emissions to reach their goals. -CN Net publicizes climate neutrality plans and achievements; -CN Net acts as a network for those who aspire to climate neutrality -CN Net brings developed and developing country participants together to green the development path and support the MDGs

15 15 UNEP and climate change Outreach and communication UNite to combat climate change campaign -A UN wide campaign to support the call for a definitive agreement on a comprehensive Global Climate regime for the period after 2012, when Kyoto Protocol expires

16 16 UNEP and climate change Adaptation activities by UNEP Hosts International consultation meetings on development of adaptation network; Runs adaptation training workshops; Provides technical notes for preparations of national programmes of action; Provides technical support to countries on data.

17 17 UNEP and young people UNEP has a long term strategy on the engagement and involvement of children in environmental issues called Tunza (Kiswahili for treat with care and affection) It started in 2003 and ends in 2008 The 2 nd Tunza strategy will run from 2009 to 2014

18 18 UNEP and young people Annual Tunza conferences for children and youth where issues of climate change are discussed. Next childrens conference will be in Korea in 2009 and will culminate in a childrens statement on climate change to be presented to the climate change meeting in Copenhagen in December 2009 International Childrens Painting Competition – exhibition and auction Tunza publications: magazines and childrens series on climate change Interactive website Ozzy Ozone Campaign – awareness and actions on ozone depleting substances

19 19 Global organizations and climate change World Conservation Union – IUCN Coordinating climate change work across IUCN's 12 major programmes, 10 regions, 6 Commissions and member organizations In China, building capacity to assume a leadership role in global conservation Working to include biodiversity concerns in adaptation and mitigation polices and practice, as well as furthering natural resource management strategies that help species and humans adapt to the impacts of climate change

20 20 Global organizations and climate change WWF, the World Wide Fund for Nature: Actively working with governments, research institutes, NGOs and private enterprises to increase awareness and capacity of climate change negotiation at various levels Contributing to the Chinese governments climate change related decisions Enhancing other countries understanding of Chinas climate change policies and actions Exploring and facilitating low-carbon economy development in China

21 21 Global organizations and climate change Connect2earth: Connect2earth is a global green online community, launched by WWF and IUCN. Videos, images and text on climate change can be uploaded on to Connect2earth website and the best entries are awarded prizes Greenpeace: Climate change is a priority issue for Greenpeace Challenges governments to take action to halt climate change Inspires people to join the energy revolution by reducing energy consumption and promoting renewable energy

22 22 Why environmental education? Addressing environmental issues requires a citizenry that is -informed and environmentally literate -willing to translate its knowledge into action - Environmental education is fundamental!

23 23 What is environmental education? Teaching about how natural environments function Making people aware of environmental issues Promoting an understanding of the relationship between humans and their surrounding environment Desired outcomes: –creating a concern for environmental issues –evoking environmentally responsible behaviour –promoting environment protecting activities

24 24 What can teachers do? Teachers are often identified as important agents of change in society - They play an important role in improving human capacity in environmental awareness, protection and problem-solving - Teachers require the knowledge, skills, on environmental awareness in order to include this in their school programme

25 25 What can teachers impart to their students? To turn off appliances, heating and air conditioning To turn of and unplug computer and other electronic devices To encourage the parents and relatives to change the light bulbs to energy efficient ones To recycle papers or reuse bottles, chopsticks and plastics To join or create an eco-club To plant trees To choose products that are environmentally friendly To walk, cycle or take a train or bus instead of the private car To try to use less. For example, to carry a cloth bag when going shopping instead of plastic bags To encourage family and friends to do these things To write to political leaders asking for cleaner cars, better public transport or renewable energy To participate in activities on climate change

26 26 For more information on the Tunza programme visit:


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