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Sprint Nextel 2007 Fair Value and Impairment Earl K. Stice PricewaterhouseCoopers Professor of Accounting Brigham Young University 3 August 2008.

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Presentation on theme: "Sprint Nextel 2007 Fair Value and Impairment Earl K. Stice PricewaterhouseCoopers Professor of Accounting Brigham Young University 3 August 2008."— Presentation transcript:

1 Sprint Nextel 2007 Fair Value and Impairment Earl K. Stice PricewaterhouseCoopers Professor of Accounting Brigham Young University 3 August 2008

2 Topics Covered in the Case 6 questions address Impairment analysis and asset valuation (Questions 1 and 2) Fair value disclosures (Question 3) Valuation sensitivity analysis (Questions 4, 5, and 6)

3 Developments During 2007 Operating income in each quarter in 2007 was down compared to the same quarter in 2006. Total decrease of 63%. Average revenue per user (ARPU) declined during each quarter in 2007 compared to the same quarter in 2006. The market value of the company dropped from $55 billion to $37 billion.

4 Impairment Analysis of PPE

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6 According to SFAS No. 144, par. 18, the remaining life of an asset group shall be based on the remaining useful life of the primary asset of the group. For the property, plant, and equipment of the Wireless segment, this asset is the network equipment. Remaining useful life = 8 years

7 Impairment Analysis of PPE Estimated annual lease payment = $4,250 $34,000 = 8 years × $4,250 per year. $34,000 > $22,882 The Wireless segments property, plant, and equipment is NOT impaired.

8 Impairment Analysis of PPE Where should students have questions about the data? What is the source of the lease payment data? 8 years? Not 10 years? Not 5 years?

9 Impairment Analysis of Goodwill Step 1 – fair value of Wireless segment greater than book value? Step 2 (if necessary) – estimate fair values of all Wireless segment assets and liabilities. Step 3 (if necessary) – recompute goodwill.

10 Impairment Analysis of Goodwill Indirect Valuation We [reduce] our stock price by the estimated value per share of our Wireline reporting unit and then [add] a control premium, as permitted by FASB guidance, to determine an estimate of the equity value of the Wireless reporting unit.

11 Impairment Analysis of Goodwill Indirect Valuation

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13 Price-to-revenue multiple: 1.21 × 6.46 = $7.8 billion Price-to-EBITDA multiple: 3.45 × 1.07 = $3.7 billion The average of these two estimates is $5.8 billion = estimate of value of Wireline segment.

14 Impairment Analysis of Goodwill Indirect Valuation

15 Book value of Wireless segment as of December 31, 2007: $52.8 billion Estimated market value of Wireless segment as of December 31, 2007: $33 billion Yes, goodwill may be impaired.

16 Impairment Analysis of Goodwill Indirect Valuation Where should students have questions about the data? In this case, they should realize that the market value of the Wireless segment is substantially less than its book value no matter what assumptions are made.

17 Impairment Analysis of Goodwill Direct Valuation Sprint Nextel also estimates the market value of the Wireless segment through an income approach which involves the computation of the present value of an estimate of the cash flows to be generated by the segment.

18 Impairment Analysis of Goodwill Direct Valuation

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20 Impairment Analysis of Goodwill Step 1 – Yes, goodwill may be impaired. So, on to Step 2 which is estimating the fair values of all Wireless segment assets and liabilities.

21 Valuation of FCC Licenses Relief from royalty method Use market royalty rates charged for the use of similar licenses. The fair value of the licenses is the present value of the after-tax royalties that Sprint Nextel is avoiding by owning the licenses.

22 Valuation of FCC Licenses Relief from Royalty Method Search in a proprietary royalty rate database Rates ranging from 2% to 8% Average rate of 4.2% The royalty is based on revenue, before the subtraction of any expenses.

23 Valuation of FCC Licenses Relief from Royalty Method

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25 Estimated fair value of FCC licenses: $29.100 billion Book value of FCC licenses: $21.123 billion

26 Valuation of FCC Licenses Relief from Royalty Method Where should students have questions about the data? Royalty rate Customer growth rate Terminal year Post-terminal year growth rate Discount rate

27 Valuation of Customer Relationships Excess cash flow valuation Assume that other assets earn a normal return. Other assets includes the fair values of both recognized and unrecognized assets. Exclude goodwill.

28 Valuation of Customer Relationships

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30 Where should students have questions about the data? Interesting question… well see more about this in a moment.

31 New Computation of Goodwill

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35 What is the AUDITORS responsibility with respect to this goodwill impairment number?

36 SFAS No. 157 Disclosure

37 FCC licenses: Book value = $21.123 billion Fair value = $29.100 billion Customer relationships: Book value = $4.203 billion Fair value = $7.499 billion Why no fair value disclosure?

38 Points to Remember Our accounting students need to understand valuation models. Experience with valuation models will teach our accounting students where the pressure points are. Teaching about fair value is much more than teaching SFAS No. 157 disclosures.

39 eks@byu.edu Email me if you want soft copies of this material.


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