Objective: To make the students aware of the devastating diseases of the past and their possible reoccurrence in the future.
Crisis in Europe By 1300 Europeans were farming almost all the land they could cultivate. A population crisis developed. Climate changes in Europe produced three years of crop failures between 1315-17 because of excessive rain. As many as 15% of the peasants in some English villages died. One consequence of starvation & poverty was susceptibility to disease.
The Disease Cycle Flea drinks rat blood that carries the bacteria. Flea’s gut clogged with bacteria. Bacteria multiply in flea’s gut. Flea bites human and regurgitates blood into human wound. Human is infected!
Many priests, who cared for the sick, caught the disease from their patients and died.
Effects of the Plague Government halted Loss of labor force Manufacturing suffered Loss of family members Trade was disrupted Religious beliefs altered Prices increased
A Little Macabre Ditty “A sickly season,” the merchant said, “The town I left was filled with dead, and everywhere these queer red flies crawled upon the corpses’ eyes, eating them away.” “Fair make you sick,” the merchant said, “They crawled upon the wine and bread. Pale priests with oil and books, bulging eyes and crazy looks, dropping like the flies.”
The Mortality Rate 35% - 70% 25,000,000 dead !!!
What were the political, economic, and social effects of the Black Death??
Could it Happen Again? The conditions present in the 14th century provided an ideal situation for the development of this devastating epidemic. Discuss, what environmental, social, scientific, and sanitary changes have been made in our present society that would limit the possibility of a modern outbreak of the plague ?
ANSWER !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! Control of rat population Use of insecticides Sanitary disposal of garbage and waste Improved personal hygiene Use of antibiotics Improvements in the medical profession Increased knowledge of communicable disease Quarantine procedures on imports of food and animals