Presentation on theme: "In-depth Review of the MTSP"— Presentation transcript:
1 In-depth Review of the MTSP Emerging FindingsInformal Consultation with UNICEF Executive BoardNew York, 8 March 2010
2 Overview Background and process followed Findings for MTSP Focus Areas Findings for MTSP Cross-cutting StrategiesFindings for Management and OperationsWays forward
3 Background and Process In-depth review of each MTSP focus areaReview of each cross-cutting and operational strategyFeedback through questionnaires from Country Offices, Member States and National CommitteesFindings of recent evaluations and assessments including the 2009 MOPAN common approachOutcome: adjustments in focus, and further refinement of MTSP Results Matrices and Integrated Monitoring and Evaluation framework
4 Focus Area 1: Young Child Survival and Development Key trends:Increase in number of countries on track to combat under-nutrition but setbacks due to economic slowdown (MDG1)Continued progress in reducing child mortality, although disparities continue – neonatal mortality high (MDG 4)Inadequate progress in reducing maternal mortality (MDG 5)Good progress in increasing access to water supply although access to sanitation lagging – new approaches needed (MDG 7)
5 Variations in progress among regions and countries Under five mortality rates (U5MR per 1,000 live births, 2008)On track: U5MR is less than 40, or U5MR is 40 or more and the average annual rate of reduction (AARR) in the under-five mortality observed for is 4.0 percent or morerateInsufficient progress: U5MR is 40 or more and AARR is between 1.0 per cent and 3.9 per centNo progress: U5MR is 40 or more and AARR is less than 1.0 per centData not availableSource: UNICEF estimates based on the work of the Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation, 2009
6 Focus Area 1: Young Child Survival and Development Expected result: Increased coverage of integrated package of health related servicesStatus1. Global DPT3 immunization rate 82% in 2008, two dose vitamin A supplementation coverage increased to 85% in 2008 – polio remains a challenge2. Threefold increase in coverage of bednets from 2000 to 2007 in 19 Sub-Saharan countries3. Inadequate progress in coverage and quality of maternal care and also community-based prevention and treatment of common illnessesConstraintInadequate prioritization to combating diarrhoea and pneumoniaContinued limited capacity of health systemsInadequate social mobilization/behaviour change communication components
7 Focus Area 1: Young Child Survival and Development Expected result: Child nutrition through improved practicesStatus1. 63 countries are on track to achieve the underweight prevalence target; compared to just 46 three years ago2. Expansion in coverage of micronutrients, including progress towards eliminating iodine deficiency disordersConstraintChallenges associated with taking effective community-led approaches to scaleContinued low levels of exclusive breast-feeding and also introduction of complementary foods
8 Focus Area 1: Young Child Survival and Development Expected result: Increased access to water and sanitationStatus1. Community-led approaches to managing water and sanitation showing good results2. “Hard to reach” populations require greater focusConstraintLimited national and sub-national capacity in some geographic areas to sustain achievementsInadequate resourcing and harmonization of efforts around national WASH plans
9 Focus Area 1: Young Child Survival and Development Expected result: Every child covered with life-saving interventions in emergenciesStatusProgress in establishing Nutrition & WASH humanitarian clusters, enhancing partnerships in Health clusterTechnical capacity with UNICEF improved to enhance emergency response, especially WASH & nutritionEvaluation findings point to improved responseConstraintLimited capacity for sustained cluster coordination including decentralized levelsMainstreaming cluster approach still a challenge; distinguishing UNICEF and Cluster Lead Agency roles
10 Focus Area 1: Young Child Survival and Development Ways Forward:Leverage country and global partnership to focus on health systems strengthening – addressing key bottlenecksEnhance support to proven interventions which improve access and quality of maternal and newborn careStrengthen systems and wider partnerships to ensure sustainability of achievements in water and sanitationIn partnership with WHO and others, convene partners to enhance the analysis of disease patterns and promote support to high-impact interventionsScale up integrated nutrition programmingEmphasize addressing disparities and exclusion (gender, location, ethnicity, disability, children without parents…)
11 Focus Area 2: Basic education and gender equality Key trends:Progress in net enrollment rates, although “hard to reach” children remain excluded – 72 million still out of primary school (MDG 2)Access to pre-primary education, and overall quality, remain low (MDG 2 and MDG 3)Although progress has been achieved in some countries , girls continue to be disadvantaged in access to education (MDG 3)Increasingly effective education responses in emergencies
12 Many countries have reached gender parity in primary education Gender parity index (GPI) in primary education (2003–2008)Source: UNICEF global databases, 2009
13 Focus Area 2: Basic education and gender equality Expected result: Improved children’s readiness to start schoolStatus1. Progress at policy-level and standard setting for early learning2. Continued need for evidence-based advocacyConstraintLimited technical and financial capacity to implement school readiness policies and programmes
14 Focus Area 2: Basic education and gender equality Expected result: Reduced disparities in access and completion of basic educationStatus1. Progress related to abolishing school fees2. Progress in gender parity (0.97) and reducing other disparitiesConstraintUnderfunding of non-formal and alternative education strategiesReaching “last 10% of children” proving difficult and expensive
15 Focus Area 2: Basic education and gender equality Expected result: Improved quality of educationStatus1. 61 countries have adopted “child-friendly” quality standards - up from 43 in 20052. Development of comprehensive approach to quality education with equityConstraintInsufficient numbers and deployment of teachers - many countries needing to expand the pool by 6 to 10% annuallyLack of clear definition and assessment of learning outcomes
16 Focus Area 2: Basic education and gender equality Expected result: Restore education after emergenciesStatus1. Progress in establishment of education cluster for humanitarian action – coordination role challenging2. Progress in strengthening national emergency preparedness, including expansion in risk-reduction strategiesConstraintLimited financial support and mechanisms for disaster risk reduction, preparedness and response in some government budgets
17 Focus Area 2: Basic education and gender equality Ways forwardIn partnership with UNESCO and others, support process to determine where (and who) out of school children are and address the barriers they faceAddressing the learning and development needs of adolescents, especially girls and the marginalisedEngage in dialogue at all levels around Quality Education – including child-friendly schooling, learning outcomes and governanceContinued emphasis on strengthening national disaster risk reduction, preparedness and responseThrough partnerships, support innovative ways of financing education at global, national and local levels
18 Focus Area 3: HIV/AIDS and children Key trends:33.4 million people were living with HIV at end of 2008; 4.9 million years old and 2.1 million under the age of 15 (MDG 6)About 40 per cent of all new adult infections (15-49) were among years old in 2008 (MDG 6)
19 Gap between pregnant women living with HIV and infants born to them who received ARVs for preventing mother-to-child transmission,Source: WHO, UNAIDS and UNICEF, Towards Universal Access: Scaling up priority HIV/AIDS interventions in the health sector, Geneva, 2009
20 Focus Area 3: HIV/AIDS and children Expected result: Reduce paediatric HIV infections and increase access to ARVs for pregnant women and childrenStatus1. In 2008, 19 countries reached the 2010 target coverage rates for PMTCT of 80%2. 45% of estimated HIV+ pregnant women received ARV3. 38% paediatric ARV coverageConstraintWeak integration of HIV with maternal and neonatal health, family planning and reproductive health initiativesMen and boys not fully engagedWeak system of follow-up of HIV positive pregnant women
21 Focus Area 3: HIV/AIDS and children Expected result: Increased support to children affected by HIV/AIDSStatus1. Strengthened evidence base on the correlation of HIV and vulnerability2. UNICEF supports child and AIDS sensitive social protection, including OVC in 29 countries, of which 20 providing cash transfers to families3. Out of 22 countries with recent survey data, 12% of households caring for OVC receive external care and supportConstraintLack of integration of community level responses with broader child welfare and child protection systemsWeak capacity of social welfare ministries
22 Focus Area 3: HIV/AIDS and children Expected result: Reduce HIV infections among young people aged 15-24Status1. About 40 per cent of all new adult infections (15-49) were among years old in 20082. 30% of young men and 19% of young women aged years in developing countries have comprehensive knowledge on how to prevent transmissionConstraintLack of data on quality of prevention interventionsLow access to sexuality education and youth-friendly SRH servicesChallenges associated with programming for adolescents practicing high risk behaviours.
23 Focus Area 3: HIV/AIDS and children Ways forward:In partnership with UN sister agencies and others at all levels, bring to scale a full range of interventions to promote prevention, based on local contextPromote “AIDS-sensitive” interventions which strengthen health and social protections systemsSupport access to health, protection and education services for adolescents, young people and mothers practicing high risk behavioursMore effective use of resources and advocacy to put children at the centre of the global AIDS response – including through the Unite for Children, Unite Against AIDS initiative
24 Focus Area 4: Child Protection from violence, exploitation and abuse Key trends:Economic downturn, climate change and disasters will enhance vulnerabilities of children to violence, exploitation and abuseStrengthening of national and global policy and legal frameworksIncreasing recognition of the need to establish and/or strengthen formal and informal child protection systems
25 The lowest levels of birth registration are found in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia Percentage of children under five who were registered ( )This is the parallel for drinking-water.Below 25%25% - 50%%Above 75%Data not availableSource: UNICEF Global Database, Nov 2009Compiled from MICS, DHS and other national surveys and vital registration data
26 Child labour is most prevalent in Africa Percentage of children aged 5–14 years engaged in child labour ( )This is the parallel for drinking-water.Source: UNICEF Global Database, Nov 2009Compiled from MICS, DHS and other national surveys
27 Focus Area 4: Child Protection from violence, exploitation and abuse Expected result: Better child protection systemsStatus1. Positive shift from juvenile justice to the broader area of “justice for children” and implementation of UN Common Approach to Justice for Children2. Increased focus on developing standards of care and growing recognition that all types of social protection need to be child-sensitiveConstraintDifficulty in adopting a more systemic approach instead of issue-specific interventions (child labour, trafficking, children in institutions, etc.)
28 Focus Area 4: Child Protection from violence, exploitation and abuse Expected result: Support reinforcement of social conventions, norms and values that prevent violence, abuse and exploitationStatus1. Strengthened partnerships and broadened consensus on social norms related to child protection2. Application of a social change approach that emphasizes human rights education and community dialogue has resulted in declarations of abandonment of FGM/C in some countries - approach is being expandedConstraintsFurther extending application of social change approach to implementation of policies and programmes across sectorsLimited capacity of UN, government and NGO staff on social change approachCountries where there have been declarations of abandonment of FGM/C: Burkina Faso, Egypt, Ethiopia, Guinea, Kenya, Mali, Niger, Senegal, Gambia, Somalia, Sudan
29 Focus Area 4: Child Protection from violence, exploitation and abuse Expected result: Better protection of children from impact of armed conflict and natural disastersStatus1. Widespread adoption of joint initiatives relating to humanitarian response, including link between child protection mechanisms in emergencies and non-emergency situations2. Increased focus on strengthening institutions and systems for child protection in emergency situations – also in the transition from relief to developmentConstraintIncreasing scale and impact of natural disasters and changing nature of conflict create challenging operating environmentsLimited capacity, particularly in disaster-prone areas, to build/strengthen a protection system at time of an emergency
30 Focus Area 4: Child Protection from violence, exploitation and abuse Expected result: Government decisions influenced by improved data and analysis of child protectionStatus1. Global indicators developed on juvenile justice and formal care2. Monitoring and Reporting Mechanism on grave violations against children in situations of armed conflict (SCR 1612) implemented in 14 countries3. Progress for Children serves as a key resource on child protection statisticsConstraintContinued limited availability of data on many child protection issuesExpansion of MRM to include new violations has increased UNICEF’s responsibilities and requires expanded technical knowledgeThe 14 countries where the Monitoring and Reporting Mechanism on grave violations against children in situations of armed conflict are: Afghanistan, Burundi, CAR, Chad, Colombia, DRC, Iraq, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, UgandaWith the adoption of Security Council Resolutions 1882 and 1888, the scope of UNICEF’s work on the Monitoring and Reporting Mechanism (MRM) and response to grave violations of child and women’s rights in conflict situations has been expanded from child recruitment to include sexual violence against children and killing and maiming of children.
31 Focus Area 4: Child Protection from violence, exploitation and abuse Ways forward:Continued emphasis on strengthening multi-sectoral approaches and partnerships, including strengthening informal and formal CP systems including in emergencies and recovery phase (Haiti – prime example)Greater attention to strengthening monitoring, evaluation and research on child protection in order to inform the development of programmes and policiesClinton Global Initiative to End Sexual Violence Against Girls – entry point to strengthening CP systems and social change approach
32 Focus Area 5: Policy advocacy and partnerships for children’s rights Key trends:Poor families in need of greater support due to food/fuel price instability and economic downturn (MDG 1)Additional pressures on limited resources threatens funding for basic services (MDG 8)Continued expansion of data and analysis available for child-focused, gender-aware policies and decision-making
33 Focus Area 5: Policy advocacy and partnerships for children’s rights Expected result: Enhanced capacity to collect and analyze situation of children and womenStatus1. Enhanced capacity of partners through increased periodicity of MICS with new modules covering emerging areas2. Increased data analyses for key sector specific publications3. Use of DevInfo as analytical tool has been expanded at all levelsConstraintLimited availability of disaggregated data to enable a complete understanding of the children who remain unreachedNeed to continue to improve dissemination of UNICEF work for use by policy-makersChallenges in data collection on the situation of children and women in humanitarian, recovery and fragile situations
34 Focus Area 5: Policy advocacy and partnerships for children’s rights Expected result: Enhanced policy analysis with special consideration of child poverty and disparitiesStatus1. Enhanced quality of Situation Analyses, including influential Child Poverty and Disparity studies2. Widespread support to child-aware policy-making based on evidenceConstraintLimited prioritization and skills for supporting analysis of issues such as child poverty and social budgeting
35 Focus Area 5: Policy advocacy and partnerships for children’s rights Expected result: Policy advocacy, dialogue and leveragingStatus1. Support provided to analyze impact of economic downturn on children, and explore policy and programmatic responses2. Models on social protection have been documented and advocacy initiatives supported for scale-up, in conjunction with ILO and other partnersConstraintNeed to strengthen capacity of UNICEF Offices and partners at all levels to fully engage in policy dialogue in some sectors
36 Focus Area 5: Policy advocacy and partnerships for children’s rights Expected result: Enhanced participation by children and young peopleStatusIncreased international recognition of the importance of child participation and increased global advocacy by adolescents and young peopleConstraintChallenge to institutionalise child participation processes in policies and programmes at local and national level - to move away from "one-off events"
37 Focus Area 5: Policy advocacy and partnerships for children’s rights Ways forward:Continue to support and build capacity for data collection, including through the Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey and support further analysis and disseminationImprove statistical literacy for UNICEF leadership to work with partners at all levels through additional trainingWork closely with UN/other partners, to engage with policy-makers with a view to making families less vulnerable to economic and other shocksEnhance integration of human rights principles and action for gender equality in social and economic policyAdvocate and support the elaboration of country-specific measures to advance national systems for child-sensitive social protectionDevelop support to improved governance (laws, policies and programmes) and civic action in the best interests of the child
38 Cross-cutting strategies Global attention to Human Rights has been translated into increased emphasis on reaching the excluded and most vulnerable children and familiesIntensified support to promoting Gender Equality, including through mainstreaming in programmesEmphasis on Communication for Development to reach MTSP targets has increased, although capacities remain limitedNeed to adopt a more systematic approach to national capacity development, including a broad range of actors for children
39 Cross-cutting strategies (cont’d) Results Based Management enhanced through greater attention to performance monitoringEvaluations at country level require greater strategic focus and improved qualityKnowledge management internally focused - shift to “knowledge for children’s rights”Greater flexibility in partnerships introduced through revised cooperation guidelines.
40 Progress towards Greater UN-Coherence UNICEF contributed to the following results:Simplified UNDAF guidelines, UNDAF Action Plans, common results reporting format and UNDAF Support packageImproved management and accountability for the UN and RC SystemImplementation of TCPR recommendations to increase UN coherenceProgress in harmonized business processes, notably ICT and procurementContributed to discussions on system wide coherence and new gender entityStronger implementation of Cluster Approach in humanitarian situations.Ways Forward:Using the lessons learned from Delivering as One pilots to further strengthen joint programming and coherenceAccelerating harmonization of business processesFocusing on UNCT impact through upstream policy and capacity development, in support of MDG achievementImproving UNDG global and regional mechanisms to support UNCTs.
41 Management and Operations Various initiatives (e-recruitment , e-performance assessment, new and emerging talent) have strengthened Human Resource Management – line manager accountability challenges remain to meet performance targetsFinance and Administration: policy development process for IPSAS completed – capacity development necessary to roll-out implementation. Simplified procedures have been introduced (contracts review, travel)Supply systems strengthened, procurement services for partners has rapidly expanded
42 Management and Operations (cont’d) Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and other processes enhanced to support UNICEF’s Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) and Enterprise Content Management/ Collaboration (ECM)Risk management strategies strengthened – new risk based audit a key component. Roll-out of training in Enterprise Risk Management started
43 Ways forward - SummaryAccelerate progress towards achievement of MDGs through:Continued emphasis on “high burden” countriesEnhanced support to the appropriate mix of high impact interventions for each contextGreater focus on areas of concern – maternal mortality, sanitation, nutritionAdditional support to improving governance, including accountability systems for management of basic servicesStrengthened partnerships at all levels (global, regional and country) to enhance coordination and focus of supportSupport analytical and programme work that promotes greater Equity in MDG-related outcomesIncrease availability of disaggregated data on children
44 Way forward (cont’d) Protect advances towards MDGs through Working more closely with other UN agencies and other partners (including at subnational level) – resulting in improved development effectivenessRespond to changing context, including economic slowdown, Climate Change and natural disasters, children in slums, migration, opportunities in technologyContribute to policy development and capacities for children in social sectors and national planningProtect advances towards MDGs throughIncrease emphasis on disaster risk reductionStrengthen support to humanitarian action (preparedness, response and early recovery) including as cluster leadStrengthen strategies for recovery and fragile situations.