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Defining vulnerability A case study from Zambia Katie Schenk, Lewis Ndhlovu, Stephen Tembo, Andson Nsune, Chozi Nkhata, RAPIDS Interagency Task Team on.

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Presentation on theme: "Defining vulnerability A case study from Zambia Katie Schenk, Lewis Ndhlovu, Stephen Tembo, Andson Nsune, Chozi Nkhata, RAPIDS Interagency Task Team on."— Presentation transcript:

1 Defining vulnerability A case study from Zambia Katie Schenk, Lewis Ndhlovu, Stephen Tembo, Andson Nsune, Chozi Nkhata, RAPIDS Interagency Task Team on Children and HIV and AIDS Washington, DC th April 2007

2 ECR Reaching AIDS-affected People with Integrated Development and Support

3 Outline Introduction –Aims, methods Results –Quantitative and qualitative Lessons learnt –Implications for programs

4 Study Aims To explore community conceptualizations of vulnerability To examine vulnerability factors – characteristics and prevalence To discuss implications for community- based care and support interventions

5 Methods 6 sentinel sites Quantitative approaches: household surveys Qualitative approaches: focus group discussions and in-depth interviews Ethical issues

6 Results

7 Sociodemographics

8 Household Composition adult2 adults3-4 adults5-6 adults7+ adults Number of adult members Number of households Female-headed Male-headed 73% 13% 22% 29%

9 Problems LACK OF FOOD health problems (adult and child) increasing number of orphans agricultural production problems (esp lack of farming inputs) lack of money, material goods, earning opportunities insufficient schooling support for children

10 Which Households? Female-headed households Elderly-headed households Widow-headed households Households with a member who is chronically ill or disabled Households with a child member who has been orphaned or taken in Households headed by children Households that are simply poor

11 Orphanhood and Fostering

12 Child-headed Households Qualitative vs quantitative data –My parents died 4 years ago and being the eldest I look after 6 siblings. I have to put food on the table and pay school fees, especially for those in secondary school. –I have taken up responsibility of looking after my siblings. I like school but attending school wont put food on the table or pay for the much needed school fees. I would rather work on the farms and earn an income for my family. Female youths, Chongwe

13 Vulnerability Characteristics

14 Vulnerability Prevalence

15 Vulnerability Distribution

16 Lessons Learnt

17 Implications for Programs Importance of community input Targeting Data requirements Further research –Clustering, thresholds –SES –Link to outcomes

18 Thank you


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