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Global Study on Child Poverty & Disparities (2007-2008) UNICEF- OPT Amman, June 19-20 2008.

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Presentation on theme: "Global Study on Child Poverty & Disparities (2007-2008) UNICEF- OPT Amman, June 19-20 2008."— Presentation transcript:

1 Global Study on Child Poverty & Disparities ( ) UNICEF- OPT Amman, June

2 Discussion Topics Context Mode of operation Progress in filling templates Statistical templates Policy templates Points for Discussion

3 Context Demographic, Population size: 3.8 million (2007 census) 54% under the age of 18 GDP: $1,119 (2005) Conflict related: Sep 00-Dec children were killed Sep 00-Dec 075,900 children arrested by Israelis As of April Palestinian Children held in Israeli prisons

4 Context Constant upheaval, social and political instability and severe economic restrictions 4 key influences on policy/poverty outcomes: Palestinian Authority (Ramallah), Hamas administration (Gaza), Government of Israel (East Jerusalem residents)/ Israeli military orders, International community

5 Mode of Operation Started working with a technical working group co-chaired by: the Child Rights Planning Unit (CRPU) at the Ministry of Planning Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS) Invited members: MOH, MOE, MOSA, MOL, University academics

6 Statistical Template

7 Statistical Template Tables 1. PCBS is finalizing the data inputting into the statistical template 2. MICS and DHS data were sent to Bristol University (awaiting analysis)

8 Policy Template

9 Part A: Macroeconomic Indicators Contextual factors State of emergency since 2000, Geographic and political divisions (West Bank, Gaza Strip, East Jerusalem) Observed Macroeconomic Trends Gross Domestic Product trends (GDP, GDI, share of GDP) Demographic Trends (Population projections, growth rate, % <15 years) Employment and Poverty Trends (Labor market participation, unemployment rates, GDP per capita, Poverty rate, Reduced spending) Macro-economic Outlook for Public Finance (Revenue, Expenditure and net lending, Wage expenditure, Non-wage expenditure, Net lending, Recurrent balance, Externally financed development expenditure, Overall Balance, External support for recurrent budget) Investment (Public capital formation (gross), Private capital formation (gross)) Output and Prices (Real GDP, CPI inflation rate (end of period))

10 Part B: Areas of Child Outcomes Key National Documents KEY PLAN: National Plan of Action for Children Household income: Social Safety Net Reform Project (SSNRP) Nutrition: Projects funded by IDAs through the Ministry of Health Health: Projects funded by IDAs through the Ministry of Health, Education and Social Affairs, Public Health Law number 20 for 2004 Child Protection: Law of the Palestinian Child for 2004 (now amended but cannot be passed), Draft Social Affairs Law, Child Protection in the Occupied Palestinian territories: a National Position Paper produced in 2005 Education Diagnosis of the Educational Reality – 5 Year Development Plan , produced in 2007

11 Part B: Areas of Child Outcomes Public Expenditure and Aid (USD, 000) TPE*GODA** (Projected 2007)(Actual 2006) Household income 38,7605,268 Nutrition 7,324 - Health 48,44052,299 Child Protection -- Education (not including UNRWA) 94,232 49,074 * Total Public Expenditure ** Gross Official Development Assistance

12 Part B: Areas of Child Outcomes Key Relevant Budget Allocations Household income Nutrition Hanan Project Total 06 spending$100,000 Total 07 spending$50,000 Targeted food aid Total 05 spending- $14,714,061 Total 06 spending- $39,829,944 Health Primary health care facilities- MoH- 654 PHC, 525 in WB & 129 in GS (2005) Total projected 06 spending (000)- $6,600 Total projected 07 spending (000)- $3,200 Child Protection Education 05/0606/0707/08 Primary education23,575435, ,891 secondary schooling 44,56448,120135,665

13 Part C: National Program Inventory 1. Deprived Families Economic Empowerment Programme (DEEP) 29.7 million USD over 4 years starting from June Social Safety Net Project (SSNP) 10 million USD over 4 years 3. Employment Generation Programme through Poverty Oriented Infrastructure –Phase V 24 million USD over 36 months 4. Maternal, Child Health And Nutrition Project (HANAN) 21 million USD over 3 years starting in January Special Hardship Cases for Palestinian Refugees 6. National Program for Community Integration of Disabled Children 7. National Program for Early Childhood Education and Development 8. National Mental Health Program 9. National Program for Child Protection

14 Part D: LIST OF REFERENCES-1 IMF and WBG (March 2007) West Bank and Gaza Economic Developments in A First Assessment. Found at: Institute of Community and Public Health at Birzeit University and National Plan of Action Secretariat (April 2006) Child Protection in the Occupied Palestinian Territory Structures, Policies and Services. Ramallah: Palestine PCBS (1999) Population in the Palestinian Territory, Ramallah: Palestine. PCBS (December 2007) Palestines 8th Annual Statistical Book. Ramallah: Palestine. PCBS (2007) Summary Statistics, Palestinian Territory, ( ). PCBS (2007) Palestinian Family Health Survey, 2006: Preliminary Report. Ramallah: Palestine. PCBS (August 2007) Poverty in the Palestinian Territory, 2006: Main Findings Report. Ramallah: Palestine. PCBS (Sept. 2006) Palestinian Children–Issues and Statistics Annual Report, Child Statistics Series (No. 8). Ramallah: Palestine PCBS (June 2007) Palestinian Children–Issues and Statistics Annual Report, Child Statistics Series (No. 10). Ramallah: Palestine PCBS (April 2006) Labour Force Survey Annual Report: Ramallah: Palestine PCBS (Nov. 2007) Press Release: Preliminary Estimates of Quarterly National Accounts (Third Quarter 2007). Ramallah: Palestine Palestinian Economic Policy Research Institute (MAS), Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS) and Palestine Monetary Authority (PMA) (December 2006) Quarterly Economic and Social Monitor, Vol. 7 RAND Corporation (2005) Building a Successful Palestinian State. Pittsburgh: RAND Corporation PNA/ Council of Ministers / Ministry of Finance (15/3/2005) Proposed Budget Law for Ramallah: Palestine MEHE, General Directorate for Planning (June 2007) Diagnosing the Educational Reality (review of the 5-year plan). Ramallah: Palestine. MEHE, Budget Department, Ministry of Education 2005 Budget MEHE, Budget Department, Ministry of Education 2006 Budget MEHE, Budget Department, Ministry of Education 2007 Budget

15 Part D: LIST OF REFERENCES-2 MoH, Department for Womens Health and Development (January 2007) Annual Report Gaza: Palestine MoH (October 2006) Health Situation in Palestine: Annual Report MoH, Department for International Development (2006) Annual Report MoH, Department for Health Education (January 2007) Annual Report Ministry Of Finance 2005 Budget, MoSA, General Directorate of Aid & Family Rehabilitation (2007) Report on Assistance Provided by MoSA. Ramallah: Palestine MoP / Secretariat of the National Plan of Action for Palestinian Children (2004) The National Plan of Action for Palestinian Children Ramallah: Palestine MoP / Secretariat of the National Plan of Action for Palestinian Children (June 2005) Child Protection in the Occupied Palestinian Territory: A National Position Paper. Ramallah: Palestine MoP / Child Rights Planning Unit (December 2007) Early Childhood Development: A Preliminary Policy Review. Ramallah: Palestine MoP (2005) The Palestinian Medium Term Development Plan Ramallah: Palestine. SSNRP, Trust Fund Agreement between PLO and IDA, 2004 UNDP/PAPP website UNRWA, Relief And Social Services Department (October 2006) A Socio-Economic Analysis Of Special Hardship Case Families In The Five Fields Of UNRWA Operations USAID (2007) Palestinian programme website WBG (2004) SSNP: Project Information Document (PID) Appraisal Stage WBG, Middle East and North Africa Region Social and Economic Development Group (September 2006) West Bank and Gaza Country Economic Memorandum, Growth in West Bank and Gaza: Opportunities and Constraints, Volume 1: Main Volume WBG, Middle East and North Africa Region Social and Economic Development Group (February 2007) West Bank and Gaza Public Expenditure Review Volume 1: From Crisis to Greater Fiscal Independence. WBG, Middle East and North Africa Region Social and Economic Development Group (February 2007) West Bank and Gaza Public Expenditure Review Volume 2: From Crisis to Greater Fiscal Independence.

16 Discussion

17 1. Context, context, context…. We want to develop additional indicators that are relevant to the situation of children in the oPt - Childrens wellbeing and quality of life/ social, emotional and physical wellbeing (a fundamental issue being children affected by violence) Deprivation in terms of lack of mobility, access to resources and opportunities, declining social expectations, and lack of participation in decision making

18 Discussion 1. Participation Childrens perceptions of poverty/ relativity (qualitative research) How to engage children in the formulation of conclusions and recommendations

19 Discussion 2. In consideration of policy making in an unstable conflict situation, should we be considering recommendations for community / grassroots initiatives in national policies (sustainability) 3. Process - undertake cross analysis of data- statistical template, policy template and other qualitative data


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