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National Study of Child Poverty and Disparities, Kyrgyz Republic Regional Workshop Global Child Poverty Study April 2-4, 2008 Tashkent.

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Presentation on theme: "National Study of Child Poverty and Disparities, Kyrgyz Republic Regional Workshop Global Child Poverty Study April 2-4, 2008 Tashkent."— Presentation transcript:

1 National Study of Child Poverty and Disparities, Kyrgyz Republic Regional Workshop Global Child Poverty Study April 2-4, 2008 Tashkent

2 UNICEFType your title in this FOOTER area and in CAPS 2 Country Context Population 5.14 mln, children U mln. 65% of population live in rural area Life expectancy at birth 68 in 2004 The Kyrgyz economy grew by 3.7 % per annum during Poverty fell 63% to 43%, extreme poverty - 33 % to 11% in Gini Coefficient fell 0,30 to 0,28 in Unemployment 8.1% in 2005 Remittances comprise 20% of GDP

3 UNICEFType your title in this FOOTER area and in CAPS 3 Country Context, Public Expenditures 11% of Kyrgyz population receive State Benefit Average size of Unified Monthly Benefit (UMB) and Social Benefit in 2005 was 19% и 76% of poverty line

4 UNICEFType your title in this FOOTER area and in CAPS 4 Main policy papers Comprehensive Development Framework 2010 NPRS Country Development Strategy (CDS)

5 UNICEFType your title in this FOOTER area and in CAPS 5 Concept of the National Study Approach: Multidimensionality of child poverty and disparities, material and non-material dimensions Goal: Understanding of child poverty and Mainstreaming children in main public policies (CDS) and resource allocation Objectives: Assessment of child poverty and deprivation, disaggregated child poverty profile is constructed Gaps in data and policy responses identified Effectiveness of policies to reduce child poverty analysed Recommendations provided on how to improve poverty reduction measures; information is shared on what works and why Contribution to the regional and global analysis

6 UNICEFType your title in this FOOTER area and in CAPS 6 Hypothesis (preliminary) Despite observed economic growth child poverty remains high and not all Kyrgyz children benefit depending on the region, location and characteristics of the household, vulnerability status

7 UNICEFType your title in this FOOTER area and in CAPS 7 Research process Step 1. Mapping Policies for Children Step 2. Statistical Analysis of the Situation for Children & Trend Analysis Step 3: Assessment of Additional Factors Affecting Child Wellbeing Step 4. Country Analysis Step 5: Final Report Preparation, Discussions and Dissemination Steering Committee – Presidential Administration+ line ministries, Parliament, principal research institution, NGO, IO Principal Researcher – International Institute for Strategic Researches (IISR) Technical WGs under coordination of IISR

8 UNICEFType your title in this FOOTER area and in CAPS 8 Statistical Findings Child Poverty 52 % children live in poverty, 14.8 % – in extreme poverty. CP is rural areas is 59.5%, which is 22.3 % higher than in urban settings (National Statistics Committee, 2005) Stunting prevalence among children fell from nearly 25% (DHS-1997) to 13.7% (MICS 2006) Consumption of iodized salt increased form nearly 40% in the mid of 1990-s to 76.1% in 2006 (MICS 2006) Early marriage (15-19 years old women) - a substantial drop during last decade (from 12.3%, DHS-97 to 7.7%, MISC 2006). Infant and Child Mortality Rates - according to DHS-97 and MICS-06 data - decreased significantly (from 64 (IMR) and 78 (U5MR) to 38 and 44, correspondingly)

9 UNICEFType your title in this FOOTER area and in CAPS 9 Statistical Findings Infant mortality is still high Quality of education: School age children show decreasing levels of learning achievements over last seven years % of 4-th grade pupils passed Math in 2005 vs. 81.4% in The Grammar and Literacy test - by 44.2% in 2005 (vs. 59.1% in 2001) (MLA 2001, 2005). Only 20.4% of women aged have comprehensive knowledge about HIV prevention. Use of contraception means was about 60% in 1997, MICS3 result is 48%. Number of children deprived of parental care (registered during a year) was 2156 in 1995 and grew up to 2742 in Percentage of children attending pre-school institutions is about 7% (MoES 2006) 6.6% in Batken/rural and 41.9% in Bishkek/capital.

10 UNICEFType your title in this FOOTER area and in CAPS 10 National Policy Initiatives and programmes analysed Income: subsidies, state benefits, employment programmes Nutrition: breast feeding, micronutrients Health: immunization, primary health care CP:birth registration, social services for children without parental care Education:pre-school, basic education, vocational and higher education

11 UNICEFType your title in this FOOTER area and in CAPS 11 Findings from Policy Analysis Child poverty is recognised at political level Child well-being concept is accepted Recognition of social policy, i.e. efforts made in CDS for conceptual consolidation under Development of Human and Social Capital heading with education, health, social protection and insurance, labour market and migration, culture Shared intention to streamline social programs and expenditures/Ministry of Social Development

12 UNICEFType your title in this FOOTER area and in CAPS 12 Findings from Policy Analysis Children are not explicitly featured in the main policy document/CDS Many parts of national programmes and plans duplicate each other and has no cost analysis Long-term ( ) national programmes not effective against background of changes in political situation Policy initiatives do not tackle/address regional disparities Outcomes of the policy initiatives are not known or evaluation is missing on whether policies achieve the objectives

13 UNICEFType your title in this FOOTER area and in CAPS 13 Problematic issues No programme budgeting (except education) Reliable statistics is missing on programme coverage (national and by regions) Information is missing on how well programmes reach beneficiaries, especially vulnerable children Monitoring and evaluation is boiled down to financial audit; no programme review and revision In case impact evaluation done further work is limited to declaration of new goals and objectives

14 UNICEFType your title in this FOOTER area and in CAPS 14 Research topic (additional/contributing) Public Expenditures for children Decentralization, its impact on children Migration Social Assistance/State Benefits

15 UNICEFType your title in this FOOTER area and in CAPS 15 Special about the Study: Child Well-being Index I. Material Poverty II. Childrens Health III. Mortality coefficients IV. Education and Pre- School Up- bringing V. Quality of Life VI. Risks 1Child Poverty Level, % of children aged 0-17 years. 2Extreme Child Poverty Level, % of children aged 0-17 years. 3Child Poverty Gap, % 4Percentage of underweighted children (Weight for Age, 1-6 years), % 1Infant mortality rate, per 1000 live births 2Perinatal mortality rate, per 1000 births 3Life Expectancy for children of 5 years age, years 4Under 5 mortality rate, per 1000 births 5Maternal mortality rate, per births 1Percentage of underweighted newborns (< 2,5kg), % 2Tb-incidence among children (0- 14y.), per Anemia prevalence among pregnant women, % 4Percent of children immunized against measles, % 5Percent of children immunized against Tuberculosis, %

16 UNICEFType your title in this FOOTER area and in CAPS 16 Child Well-being Index


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