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UNICEF Global Study on Child Poverty and Disparities EAPRO Regional Workshop - Bangkok Sharmila Kurukulasuriya Policy and.

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Presentation on theme: "UNICEF Global Study on Child Poverty and Disparities EAPRO Regional Workshop - Bangkok Sharmila Kurukulasuriya Policy and."— Presentation transcript:

1 UNICEF Global Study on Child Poverty and Disparities EAPRO Regional Workshop - Bangkok Sharmila Kurukulasuriya [] Policy and Practice, May 2008

2 Agenda Context Child Poverty Network Methodology Analysis Updates Looking Ahead Global Study on Child Poverty and Disparities

3 Why focus on child poverty now? Insufficient attention to child poverty Persistent disparities Emerging risks and new development opportunities Demand for child-focused data – new surveys Exchange of experiences / regional – global comparisons Strengthening of UN/UNICEFs contribution to development discourse Need for child-centred socioeconomic analyses Context

4 Regional income poverty Source: WB, Global Monitoring Report 2008

5 Introducing the Global Study… Launched in September 2007– initial results expected in June/July (first statistical and policy template received from Kyrgyzstan!) Child poverty from two perspectives: outcomes and policy with a focus on children left behind National ownership and Independence in Analysis Linking people with complementary expertise and shared interests and goals National, Regional and Global Analyses Context

6 Child Poverty Network 43 Participating Countries with a network of over 200 members: Government Ministries - National Statistics Offices - Academia Think tanks – NGOs - UN Agencies - UNICEF

7 Knowledge Sharing Objectives Provide a forum to exchange ideas on child poverty Exchange comparative experiences and good practices related to the process, analysis and advocacy of the global study Link Country teams to cutting edge knowledge and innovations from centres of excellence around the world Share resources and information on training opportunities, and other events Child poverty network

8 Statistical and Policy Templates To identify linkages between economic and social policy and child outcomes. Statistical Template: child outcome tabulations and relevant contextual information using data from MICS, DHS or relevant national surveys. Policy Template: designed to assess existing national efforts aimed at reducing child poverty and disparities. Focus on five areas of outcomes: 1.Income 2.Nutrition 3.Health 4.Child Protection 5.Education Methodology

9 University of Bristols Role in the Study 1)The Bristol University produces a set of tables (20 out of the 45 statistical tables) to support the work of country teams using MICS/DHS data available 2)Discussion is underway with the Bristol team (and other International Partner institutes) on involvement in further support/collaboration 3)The Study uses – among other conceptualizations of child poverty and disparities – the so called Bristol concept Professor David Gordon & Shailen Nandy School for Policy Studies, University of Bristol, UK Methodology

10 The Bristol method conceptualises deprivations as a continuum which ranges from no deprivation through mild, moderate and severe deprivation to extreme deprivation. Continuum of deprivation Based on the 1995 Social Summit declaration the method defined threshold measures of severe deprivation of basic human need for: 1. food 2. safe drinking water 3. sanitation facilities 4. health 5.shelter 7.information Methodology

11 Operational Definitions of Severe Deprivation of Basic Human Needs for Children 1)Severe Shelter Deprivation – children in dwellings with five or more people per room (severe overcrowding) or with no flooring material (e.g. a mud floor). 2)Severe Water Deprivation - children who only had access to surface water (e.g. rivers) for drinking or who lived in households where the nearest source of water was more than 30 minutes round trip away (e.g. indicators of severe deprivation of water quality or quantity). 3)Severe Deprivation of Sanitation Facilities – children who had no access to a toilet of any kind in the vicinity of their dwelling, e.g. no private or communal toilets or latrines. 4)Severe Information Deprivation – children aged between 3 and 18 with no access to newspapers, radio or television or computers or phones at home. 5)Severe Food Deprivation– severely malnourished children whose heights and weights were more than 3 Standard Deviations below the median of the international reference population e.g. severe anthropometric failure. 6)Severe Health Deprivation – children who had not been immunised against any diseases or young children who had a recent illness and had not received any medical advice or treatment. 7)Severe Education Deprivation – children aged between 7 and 18 who had never been to school and were not currently attending school (e.g. no professional education of any kind Methodology


13 Regional income inequality Source: WB, Global Monitoring Report 2008

14 Overview Part One: Children & Development 1.1 Children, poverty and disparities 1.2 The political, economic and institutional context 1.3 Macroeconomic strategies and resources allocation Part Two: Poverty and Children 2.1 Income poverty and deprivations affecting children 2.2 Child survival and equity 2.3 Causal analysis: what factors explain the levels and trends in poverty? Part Three: The Pillars of Child Wellbeing 3.1 Nutrition 3.2 Health 3.3 Child protection 3.4 Education 3.5 Social Protection Part Four: Addressing Child Poverty and Disparities - A Strategy for Results 4.1 What needs to be done 4.2 How it could happen Statistical Annex Country Analysis: Proposed Layout Analysis

15 Regional Updates WCARO, CEE/CIS, ESARO (internal) and ROSA have had regional workshops to discuss the global study (MENA and TACRO workshops planned) New School/UNICEF Conference on Child Poverty (NY) + meeting on global study Hands-on Training (planned) - tailored technical support (useful?) TACRO had first technical meeting for their regional report Additional Countries have joined the study – all are welcome! Updates

16 Country - Highlights Sierra Leone FGDs with140 children (boys and girls), aged 13-17 years Issues: participation, defining poverty, protection, solutions Findings: poverty is getting worse more children working to improve earnings lack of involvement in decision making occurrences of sexual abuse, corporal punishment children define extreme poverty as a lack of access to a education Updates Kyrgyzstan Quality of education: School age children show decreasing levels of learning achievements over last seven years Number of children deprived of parental care has increased in the last 10 years Children are not explicitly featured in the main policy document Policy initiatives do not address regional disparities Information on program effectiveness is not available (coverage, costs, etc.)

17 Milestones Sept 07-Jan 08 Country teams Plans Feb-June 08 National- Regional- Global Workshops June-July 08 Statistical- Policy Templates Aug-Sept 08 Draft country analyses, Peer review process, hands-on training Sept-Oct 08 Final Analysis Advocacy Strategy Regional Analyses Global Analyses May-June 08 Data from Bristol Looking Ahead Oct 08 - 2009 Advocacy/ Follow-up

18 Generate new country level evidence Strengthen partnerships, networks Mobilise national interest in child poverty work Focus on children left behind Target key decision makers ADVOCATE FOR POLICY CHANGE Looking Ahead Translating evidence-based analysis and partnerships into results for children

19 Over the next 2 days… Taking time out from doing the work, to talk about the work, with the goal of enhancing the analysis Learning lessons that can shape this region, other regions and the global analyses Improving support from UNICEFs regional – global teams and international partners / facilitate networking Identifying opportunities for sharing and collaboration across countries Setting an agenda and a strategy for the work ahead Building a global team – building a common understanding Looking Ahead

20 THANK YOU! Child Poverty Network: email/web/face-to-face ? Help desk: email Contact–focal point HQ: Sharmila Kurukulasuriya ( Global Study Blog: web

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