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201 MHz NC RF Cavity R&D for Muon Cooling Channels

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Presentation on theme: "201 MHz NC RF Cavity R&D for Muon Cooling Channels"— Presentation transcript:

1 201 MHz NC RF Cavity R&D for Muon Cooling Channels
Derun Li Center for Beam Physics International Neutrino Factory Workshop WG-3, Frascati, Italy June 21-26, 2005

2 Outline Introduction Ionization cooling
Requirements of RF cavities for muon cooling RF cavity R&D activities 805 MHz cavity 201 MHz cavity Status of the prototype cavity Be window R&D RF Couplers Summary

3 Introduction Ionization cooling principle LH Absorbers
RF Cavities Strong magnetic field to confine muon beams Lose energy in LH absorbers High gradient RF cavities to compensate for lost longitudinal energy

4 RF Cavity for Muon Cooling
Requirements: Intense muon beams Have short lifetime and large phase space Interact weakly with matter Confined in focusing channels High gradients 17 MV/m at 201 MHz and 34 MV/m at 805 MHz Normal conducting Rounded closed “pillbox” cavity Large and thin Be foils (low-Z) to terminate RF fields High cavity shunt impedance Low peak surface field High accelerating efficiency with independent phase control Less RF power

5 NCRF Cavity R&D Activities
Experimental studies using an 805 MHz pillbox cavity with demountable windows at MTA (Lab G), FNAL Lab G Magnet (MTA) 805 MHz cavity inside Achievable accelerating gradient is a function of external B Be windows withstand high field without surface damage How to interpolate the results to 201 MHz cavities? Does this apply to 201 MHz cavities?

6 cooling lines on cavity
201 MHz Prototype Cavity Goal: Design, build a 201-MHz cavity with large Be windows, and condition and operate it at 16+ MV/m in a few Tesla magnetic field Cavity and its sub-components Cavity body + water cooling lines Four ports and flanges RF loop couplers Cavity support structure Cavity tuners Ceramic RF windows (~ 4”) Curved Be windows Possible LN temperature operation Cavity design concept Layout of water cooling lines on cavity

7 The 201 MHz Cavity Parameters
The cavity design parameters Frequency: MHz β = 0.87 Shunt impedance (VT2/P): ~ 22 MΩ/m Quality factor (Q0): ~ 53,000 Curved Be window with radius and thickness: 21-cm and 0.38-mm Nominal parameters for cooling channels in a neutrino factory For up to ~16 MV/m peak accelerating gradient Peak input RF power ~ 4.6 MW per cavity (assuming 85% of Q0 and 3 times filling time) Average power dissipation per cavity ~ 8.4 kW Average power dissipation per Be window ~ 100 watts

8 The Cavity Fabrication
Finished equator welding We have successfully developed extruding technique for port pulling over e-beam joints E-Beam Welding of Stiffener Ring at J-Lab

9 The Cavity + Sub-components
Ceramic RF window Loop coupler Finished cavity port

10 EP at J-Lab After 1st EP run last week (June 2005) U-Shape Electrode

11 Current Status & Near Term Plans
Continue EP at J-Lab High pressure water rinsing Vacuum Assembly and base pressure measurement Packing and Shipping Couplers, RF probes, gauges and vacuum pump assembly at the MTA, FNAL Baking at the MTA, FNAL RF conditioning (Ti-N coated copper windows to start with) without magnetic field

12 Curved Be Windows for 201 MHz Cavity
Succeeded in two curved Be windows for the 805-MHz cavity Placed purchase order of three Be windows for 201-MHz cavity: 0.38 mm thick, 420 mm diameter at Brush-Wellman (~100 watts per window with ∆T~ 55 degrees at nominal Study-II parameters) Window is formed by applying a die at elevated temperature Copper frame is brazed to Be window Be windows will be Ti-N coated Present a perfect conducting BC for RF. Min. scattering and mechanically strong 420 mm 420 mm diameter curved Be window for the 201 MHz cavity formed at Brush-Wellman. The formed Be foil is sandwiched (brazed) in two annular Cu frames The curved Be window status: warping (1st one) cracking (2nd) on edge, but usable Two good windows already To be Ti-N coated

13 RF Coupler Design and Status
Loop couplers at critical coupling Prototype coupling loop design uses standard off-the-shelf copper co-axial components Coupling loop has integrated cooling lines Two SNS style RF windows mfg. by Toshiba received (no cost to us !) Two couplers with RF windows are complete High power tested up to 600 kW in TW mode and 2.4 MW (peak) in SW mode Ready to ship to MTA, FNAL Bellows connection required on MICE cooling channel (Study-II) for thermal and dimensional reasons Ceramic RF window Loop coupler

14 Coupler Conditioning Load
RF Power Two couplers Load The two Couplers Conditioning started in the week of May 16, 2005 at SNS Good vacuum ~ low 10-8 T Achieved 600 kW in TW mode (matched load) Achieved 10 kW average power (~ 9 kW average for nominal NF parameters) Achieved 2.4 MW peak power in SW mode (at variable short positions) Ceramic windows work fine in nearly two weeks of the RF conditioning

15 Mucool Test Area (MTA) Facility to test all components of
805-MHz 201-MHz Facility to test all components of cooling channel, not ionization cooling At high beam power Designed to accommodate full Linac Beam 1.6 X 1013 Hz 2.4 X 1014 p/s RF power from Linac: 201 and 805 MHz test stands Waveguides pipe power to MTA Clean room ordered On site assembly of windows Currently plan to operate either RF or LH2/H2 tests, but not both simultaneously. 805 MHz experimental study will resume soon 201 MHz cavity expect to arrive next month

16 Eight 201 MHz Cavities for MICE
Two SC coupling Coils Power couplers Eight 201 MHz cavities The 201 MHz prototype cavity is the baseline design for MICE

17 Summary MTA is ready to accept high power RF test programs
805 MHz experimental programs will resume soon at MTA, FNAL 201 MHz prototype cavity progress well and expect to be shipped to MTA, FNAL for high power tests next month (July 2005) Significant progress on fabrication of curved Be windows RF couplers have been high power tested and ready for assembly at the MTA, FNAL MUCOOL 201 MHz cavity is the baseline design for MICE

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