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May 16, 2011(Mon). Paradigm Shift Koreas e-Learning Resolution Future Work.

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Presentation on theme: "May 16, 2011(Mon). Paradigm Shift Koreas e-Learning Resolution Future Work."— Presentation transcript:

1 May 16, 2011(Mon)

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3 Paradigm Shift Koreas e-Learning Resolution Future Work

4 Paradigm Shift

5 Emergence of Web 2.0 increased demand for participation, sharedness, openness, collaboration. Development of IT raised need for building various learning environments including resources, tools, and methods. Diversification of needs from users (teacher & student) increased demand for customized services. The trends of globalization and convergence triggered diverse attempts for Collaboration. 5 Paradigm Shift Paradigm Shift

6 6 Change in Learning Environment Change in Learning Environment

7 Primary(6) – Middle(3) - High School(3) - University(4) K12 - 11,240 schools - 7.3M students - 412,000 teachers 407 colleges & universities, 3.6M students Outstanding achievement in PISA Primary(6) – Middle(3) - High School(3) - University(4) K12 - 11,240 schools - 7.3M students - 412,000 teachers 407 colleges & universities, 3.6M students Outstanding achievement in PISA Korea has the following schools, students, and teachers. > Learning environments should be diverse to meet user demand. Koreas educational institutions Institutions Current Educational Institutions Current Educational Institutions

8 Koreas e-Learning

9 Demand Proportion (%) More diverse contents and subjects41.7 Use of more learning aids and materials32.5 More questions/ assessment items/ answers to questions 32.4 More enriched and advanced learning23.8 Improvement demand for Cyber Home Learning from Students TypeTotal Multimedia educational materials160 Lesson plan using ICT3,514 Teaching S/W using ICT642 Sub-total4,343 Major educational content development (2000~2008) Source : KERIS, 2009. Koreas e-Learning. Koreas e-Learning High cost and waste of resources due to overlapped development of content * sharing system: 91.6 billion=663,297(overlap prevented) * 9,203 won(minimum development cost) * 15 MPOE * CHLS : 292.8 billion=18.3 billion (MPOE: 107, KERIS:76) * 16(15 MPOE +KERIS) * standard application: 32.0 billion reduction= 2 billion * 16(15 MPOE +KERIS) Limitation I

10 Limited learning methods due to given learning paths Limitation II Limitation III Low accessibility due to subjection to environment(devices and platforms * Maintenance(customizing) cost : 22.73 billion won Learning design impossible with methods other than sequencing, branching, remediation models validated by CHLS. Koreas e-Learning. Koreas e-Learning

11 11 Intro Pre-requisite Stimulus Main Study Summary Learning Objective Set Main Study Summary Learning Objective Set Main Study Evaluation Learning Objective Set Pre-requisite Stimulus Further Study Supplemen- tary Study Summary Pre-requisite Stimulus Evaluation Existing Learning Models Existing Learning Models Satisfy the demand Learning design impossible with methods other than sequencing, branching, remediation models X

12 Resolution

13 ? S T A N D A R D W E B …. Resolution. Resolution Adaptive Learning Open Source-based Learning Design System STANDARD

14 Browser Widget Server Recourse Engine Open Source Learning Design Tool Moodle RTE Open Source LMS Sakai RTE Icampus RTE Commercial LMS * RTE => SLeD Player Structure of OSbLDS Structure of OSbLDS Multi Board CopperCore Service Integration (CCSI) SLeD Player

15 Description of OSbLDS Description of OSbLDS Enables new learning design using recourse engine which can implement A, B, C of IMS LD. Multi-board Recourse Engine Supports collaborative learning and is interoperable between different types of platforms (open source and commercial LMS) by embedding SLeD Player with RTE. Implements various learning design functions using recourse engine and Widget server through SLeD Player and CCSI Learning Design System

16 16 Proposed Learning Model – Inquiry Proposed Learning Model – Inquiry IMS LD IMS SS IMS CP IMS CC … Learning Objective Pre-requisite Stimulus Subject matter 2 Subject matter 1 Evaluation Subject matter 3 Subject matter 4 Subject matter m Content Selection Collaborative Learning Supplement data a Supplement data b Following standards are applied to the learning model.

17 17 Proposed Learning Model-Knowledge Creative Proposed Learning Model-Knowledge Creative IMS LD IMS SS IMS CP IMS CC … Learning Objective Set-up Learning Strategy Set-up Subject matter 1 Evaluation Subject matter 3 Subject matter 4 Subject matter n Supplement data a Supplement data b Collaborative Learning Self-evaluation Supplement data c Subject matter 2 Evaluation Subject matter … Following standards are applied to the learning model. Content Selection

18 18 Proposed Learning Model-Parallel Proposed Learning Model-Parallel Learning Objective Pre-requisite Subject Matter 2 Evaluation Subject Matter 1 Subject Matter 3 Subject Matter n Supplement ary data a Supplementa ry data b Learning Objective Pre-requisite Subject matter 1 Subject matter 2 Evaluation Subject matter m Select ion Further Summary MoodleSakai Collaborative Learning Supplementary Subject Matter 4 This figure shows how collaborative learning is performed with different learning models on different platforms.

19 Pilot-test Pilot-test Example of class connecting commercial LMS and open source LMS – 120 learners in 2 subjects for 16 weeks – C Programming, Data Structure – Connection between icampus and MIT OCW

20 Future Work

21 Use existing learning resources Secure interoperability Diversify learning models Build collaborative learning environment Reduce human/physical cost for learning content development (about 416 billon) Support individualized learning through provision of various learning paths Expand opportunities & means of collaborative learning Improve user (teachers & students) convenience/accessibility through provision of flexible learning environment Realize customized learning Improve educational quality through connected use of various learning resources Save time & cost for customizing and maintenance (about 22.73 billon) Use customized learning methods tailored to the needs of teachers & students Create not local but universal value 21 mpact) Pilot-test result (Learning Impact)

22 OSbLDS ISO IMS GLC W3C … STANDARD Repository USER (Teachers, Students…) K-12 CHLS EDUNET DT … … HE OCW …. Future Work IMS GLS community needs to have closer collaboration for the connected use of various standard-based learning tools and resources and systems. Take the lead in evolving e-Learning through the sharing of various open source-based research results at the global level. … KERIS … Private Enterprise School (MPOE) Public Institute …

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25 National Teaching-Learning Center: EDUNET - Since 1996, 6.1 million users (100% of teachers, 24% of students, daily users: 395,915) www.edunet4u.net Personalized knowledge (customized service) Exchange between regions and classes Interpersonal exchange National resources connection/consolidation Central Regional School EDUNET community Teachers Students Parents Experts Teachers Research/infor mation librarians elementary kindergarten Special/informa l Children Edu. Adult leaners NGO Principle/vice- principal School commissioner Policy makers Educational data search eCRM/CMS Knowledge Ware House Activities (Knowledge Exchange) ERSS Expand a framework for nationwide education data consolidation Expand a framework for nationwide education data consolidation Establish a service quality management system (based on on-site support teams) Set up an e-Learning support system that leads knowledge creation

26 Self-study according to academic levels Major Services Q&A Level Assessment Career counseling Cyber Teachers Reduce education gap Reduce private tutoring expenses Enhance quality of public education Student-centered Blended education Curriculum-based Supplementary Parent Tutors LMS / LCMS (KEM) Knowledge DB Content Repository Cyber Home Learning System : CHLS - Since 2004, G4-G10, 3.1M students 64,000 3.1 million 3,500 Community support Customized learning 1:1 learning management www.kkulmat.com

27 Customized contents at different levels - Five core subjects (Korean, Social Studies, Mathematics, Science, and English) - Offer contents at different levels (basic, supplementary, and advanced) Core contents service, summarizing the core contents and exercise questions in each subject and chapter Contents service in a variety of subjects – Essay, English conversation, Chinese characters, creativity, etc. Cyber Home Learning System : CHLS - Learning Contents

28 Goal - Build up a learning environment where learners can be more participatory and creative - Enhance the quality of teaching and learning through active classroom by means of future-oriented materials Characteristics - Focus on development of Digital Textbook contents and its functions (less bulky, easier update, more meaningful learning experiences with multimedia) - Wide ranges of researches for dissemination: Effectiveness (achievement, competencies), influences (health, interaction,..), Teaching and learning models, Devices & platforms Progress - 2002~2006 : Basic research - 2007~2010 : Prototype development and pilot application * 5 main subjects (Korean, Math, Science, Social studies, English), G3~G7 * 5 pilot schools (2007) 132 schools(2010) - 2013 ~ : Planning for dissemination Digital Textbook Development - Overview

29 Discussion based on data Active Collaboration Data collection and analysis out of class Create easily, cheerfully Self-regulated learning Getting immediate feedback Digital Textbook Development - more student-centered and effective

30 National Education Information System: NEIS 30_NEIS General Affairs (Payroll, Facilities, HR Mgmt.. for staffs, etc..) School Affairs(Processing students grades, recording student activities and their performance, etc.. Civil Service (Home-Edu, Parents Service) (Online requirement and issuance of certificate, Getting info. of their childs school activities) Staffs (MPOEs, LOEs) Teacher/Non-teaching staff (Schools) Citizen/Parents Concept of NEIS Service MEST Code Index G4C Service Statistics NEIS General Affairs G4C Service Civil Service School Server Systems Academic Affairs Academic Affairs School Affairs School Affairs 16 Metropolitan Provincial Offices of Education Statistics & Reports www.neis.go.kr

31 To enhance efficiency, transparency, and convenience of educational administration To reduce teachers work load and raising the quality of education by reorganizing the work process To provide high quality educational services to citizens - One-stop online issuance of official certificates - Online service for parents (providing information of children school activities through NEIS National Education Information System: NEIS Web-based online educational administration

32 Professors Students Librarians Foreign Universities Utilize Researchers & Others Collect & Process RISS2.0 Union Catalog & Inter-Library Loan Thesis & Dissertation Journal Articles Foreign Research DB Video Lectures & Syllabus Korea Open CourseWare Cost-saving Effect Enhancing Research Capacity Produce Univ. Libraries NII, Japan CALIS, China OCLC, USA Academic Societies MEST, KEDI, KRIVET, etc. e-Learning Support Center Univ.. Institutes Research Information Service System: RISS www.riss4u.net

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