Presentation on theme: "A New Era, the revolution continues Ch. 24 section 2."— Presentation transcript:
A New Era, the revolution continues Ch. 24 section 2
Leadership of Lenin Lenin followed a War economy during the Civil War in Russia (Gov’t seized grain for army) After war people grew upset with system, Draught came and people even more frustrated. Wanted to bring back the Czar
New Economic Policy 1921, Lenin answers the frustration, abandons the War Economy and creates a new economic plan NEP: a modified version of the old capitalist system, Peasants allowed to sell their produce openly and retail stores, small industries allowed to be privately owned and operated However, heavy industry, banking, mines will remain government controlled NEP saved the country’s economy
Russia to the USSR Lenin and the communists create a new state called the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics In 1924 Lenin dies, his death creates a power struggle among the (Politburo) the communists party’s main policy makers
A Country Divided After Lenin’s death the communist party was split over the future direction One group led by Leon Trotsky, wanted to end NEP, launch major industrialization of the country, wanted to spread communism a broad
A Country Divided The other group rejected a world wide communist revolution, instead wanted to focus on building Russia up as a strong Socialist state and stay with the NEP system This group was lead by Joseph Stalin
Country divided Trotsky was the commissioner of war, in charge of the armed forces Stalin had a more Bureaucratic job as party secretary. – He appointed regional, district, city, & town party officials. Stalin used his position to gain complete control of the Communist Party
Stalin Takes over By 1929 Stalin had removed the Bolsheviks of the revolutionary era and had absolute dictatorship Trotsky was pushed of out the party in 1927 and ended up in Mexico, He was murdered there in 1940, most likley by Stalins orders
The Five Year Plans In 1928 Stalin ends NEP and launches his first 5 yr. plan: – which set economic goals in Five-year periods – Purpose: to quickly transform Russia from agricultural to industrial – The plan increased production and heavy machinery as well as oil production
Collectivization Due to the rapid growth in industry many moved into cities but there was no in vestment in infrastructure. Many lived in miserable conditions Rapid industrialization led to rapid collectivization of agriculture. – Private farms were eliminated, government owned the land and peasants farmed it.
Collectivization Some tried to resist and hoard/ kill livestock which Stalin responded by increasing the process. By 1930, 10 million households and 1934, 26 million The cost of Collectivization was huge, Hoarding food and killing lead to a widespread famine.
Collectivization Up to 10 million died in the famine from 1932- 1933 In the Ukraine estimated 5-7 million were forced into famine because of collectivization Stalin did make a small concession each collective farm worker could have one tiny privately owned plot
Great Purge To achieve his Goals Stalin strengthened his control over the party. Any who opposed him were either killed or sent to forced labor camps in Siberia He removed all Bolsheviks and put many well known ones on trial condemning them to death
Great Purge He went after army officers, diplomats, intellectuals and citizens About 8 million were arrested many sent to camps other killed like Trotsky