Presentation on theme: "9-1 Building Overseas Empires Cornell Notes"— Presentation transcript:
1 9-1 Building Overseas Empires Cornell Notes EQ: How did Western nations come to dominate much of the world in the late 1800’s?
2 Imperialism – Takeover of a country or territory by a stronger nation for the purpose of domination.
3 Motives Driving the New Imperialism Economic interestsIndustrialization – more access to natural resourcesEx: rubber, petroleum, manganese, palm oilCreated markets to sell products on = $$$
4 2. Political and Military Motives Continued2. Political and MilitarySteam-powered ships and naval vessels needed bases to take on coal and suppliesIndustrial countries seized land for thisNationalism – when one European country began expanding others tried to stop them, by controlling land around them
5 3. Humanitarian and Religious goals Motives Continued3. Humanitarian and Religious goalsGenuine concern for their “little brothers” beyond the seasMissionaries began taking the Christian religion to new areas“White Man’s Burden”Idea that it was the white mans responsibility to take civilization to the rest of the worldExamples:MedicineLawChristianity
6 4. Social Darwinism & Racism Motives Continued4. Social Darwinism & RacismGrowing sense of racial superiorityApplied Darwin's “survival of the fittest” to human societiesEuropean races were seen as being superior to othersEuropean imperial domination of weaker races was natures way of improving the human speciesMillions of non-westerners (Europeans) were robbed of their cultural heritage.EuropeansEveryone Else
7 Rapid Spread of Imperialism European nations grew strong in 1800’sOther older civilizations were in decline (ex: Ottoman empire, China, Mughal India)European societies had superior technologyEx: medicines - quinine, weapons (maxim gun, repeating rifles, etc)Resistance –Africans and Asians strongly resisted imperialismHowever, lacked the technology
8 Criticism of Imperialism Some people argued that imperialism wasTool of the richImmoralWestern countries promoted democracy at home, but not abroad.
9 Forms of Imperial Rule Indirect Control – (Protectorate) Relied on existing leadersGov’t institutions were based on European stylesBritish, U.S used Indirect control
10 Forms of Imperial Rule Cont. Direct Control (Sphere of Influence)Foreign leaders ruleViewed Africans as Children unable to rule themselvesControl the local trade and economyFrench, Germans, Portuguese used Direct control
11 Chapter 9 Vocabulary Imperialism Protectorate Sphere of Influence PaternalisticDavid LivingstoneBoer WarEliteSultanGenocideConcessionSepoyViceroyDeforestationBalance of tradeOpen Door Policy.Trade surplusTrade deficitOpium WarTaiping RebellionBoxer Uprising