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June 2003. FMO SOCIAL POLICY & MANAGEMENT SYSTEM Labour Standards in Development Finance Conference Washington DC, 18 April 2006.

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Presentation on theme: "June 2003. FMO SOCIAL POLICY & MANAGEMENT SYSTEM Labour Standards in Development Finance Conference Washington DC, 18 April 2006."— Presentation transcript:

1 June 2003

2 FMO SOCIAL POLICY & MANAGEMENT SYSTEM Labour Standards in Development Finance Conference Washington DC, 18 April 2006

3 Content I. FMO in a Nutshell II. Why did FMO adopt a Social Policy? III. Introduction of Social Policy into the organization IV. FMO Social Policy Criteria V. Social Management System

4 > Development Impact To have a significant impact on the financial-economic, environmental and social development of developing markets, by providing private companies with financial means and know-how. > Return on Investments Appropriate economic and financial returns are a pre-condition for effective risk partnership and continuity. I. FMO in a nutshell Twofold mission

5 Shareholder structure Public-private partnership (share ratio %) Bron: FMO

6 > Operation at arms length from Dutch government > Financing on commercial terms plus: - Additionality - Catalytic role - Environmental & social standards - Corporate governance FMO features

7 > Financial institutions - Indirectly servicing SMEs > Private enterprises > Dutch & other European companies investing in & exporting to developing countries FMOs Clients

8 Geographical spread portfolio EUR 1.8 billion gross (% portfolio, including commitments) Bron: FMO

9 > Financial sector: brains of development - Banks - Leasing, insurance and housing finance - Micro Finance Institutions > Infrastructure: backbone of development - Transportation (roads, ports, etc.) - Energy (water, power) - Telecom Sector focus

10 Food for thought We were not developing wealth for its own sake, wealth is the means and people are the ends. Franklin D. Roosevelt on "Century of the Common Man."

11 II. Why a Social Policy? > Evaluation of FMO development impact (mid 90s) > Part of FMO Policy on Sustainable Development - triple bottom line (People, Planet and Profit) - corporate governance - environmental policy - social policy - exclusion list > Social development a key element of FMO objective - mitigation of social risks (FMO reputation and social justice) - social development (added value) - social accountability

12 Why a Social Policy? (contd) > Professional upgrading - Risk mitigation in banking - Identifying trends & opportunities - Competitive edge - Investment bankers with a vision… > Global trend - Companies are increasingly being held accountable for the wider societal & environmental impacts that result from their operations - Companies no longer just sell their products, but also the circumstances under which these are produced


14 Labour on International Agenda > World Conference on Human Rights Renewed effort to strengthen and further implement the body of human rights instruments States adopted by consensus the Vienna Declaration > ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work – Priority of core labor standards in the global economy > Global Compact – principles on human rights, labour and the environment - Based on Copenhagen Social Summit and ILO constitution

15 Labour on International Agenda (contd) > The OECD Guidelines / corporate governance - multinational enterprises - national OECD centers for lodging complaints against MNCs > WSSD – Johannesburg Increased participation of trade union sector in global sustainability debate > WB report on "Unions and Collective Bargaining – High unionization rates/ highly coordinated collective bargaining lead to lower inequality, decreased discrimination, improved economic performance > Premium on better labour standards in global production chain

16 > General - Universal Declaration on Human Rights - International Covenants on CP and ESC Rights - UN Conventions - OECD guidelines on Corporate Governance > Labour Rights & Conditions - ILO Conventions > Social & Cultural Impacts - World Bank/ IFC standards Guiding Instruments

17 III. Introduction of Social Policy > social policy approved by FMO Board of Directors > social specialist recruited - internal communication strategy - seminar for all of FMO > all investment officers trained - pilot phase - evaluation + advice to management > Following years social training for all new investment staff

18 IV. Social Policy Criteria: Labor Issues > Core Labor Standards - Ban on Forced Labor (including role of security services) - Ban on Child Labor - Ban on Discrimination - Freedom of Association - Right to Collective Bargaining > Primary Labor Conditions - Remuneration - Health & Safety - Working Hours - Labor contract - Retrenchment

19 Exclusion List > Preliminary decision making tool for go or no-go scenario > Products/ activities that are deemed illegal at the international level > Products/ activities that are not in line with FMOs view of creating development impact > Management tool for both FMO as well as for its FI clients

20 Labour Risk Categories > Category A or B+ projects - Large, infrastructure works or Greenfield projects · construction phase/ legal relationship with contractors - Primary sector (agriculture, extractive industries), with large numbers of unskilled/ temporary/ migrant workers - Labor-intensive industries, especially those situated in export processing zones or high risk sectors/ countries - Hazardous working conditions (physically demanding or risky work, handling of toxins, chemicals etc.) - Large-scale retrenchment · e.g. due to privatization

21 V. Social Management System > Commitment of top management - change in corporate culture - invoke change by setting the example - internal communication strategy - external expertise for sound boarding > Resources - human and financial > Training - integrated sustainability training > Procedures

22 IMR – Investment and Mission Review > Head of IMR also heads the Investment Committee!!! > Financial Analysis Unit - 4 staff - financial-economic sustainability - second pair of eyes next to the investment officer > Environmental & Social Unit - 8 staff (5 environmental, 2 social, 1 FI) - environmental and social sustainability - in deal team with investment officer - ESRS to finance proposal/ legal documentation/ portfolio management > Evaluation Unit - ad hoc evaluation of projects - 2 staff

23 Social Focal Points (SFP) Social Specialist Commercial Department SFP Commercial Department SFP

24 FMO Social Procedure »parallel to FMO Environmental Procedure« [Initial Phase] > determine Social Risk Category (A/ B+/ B/ C) · sector · country > determine appropriate steps/ actions/ division of labor · investment officer in consultation with Environmental & Social Unit

25 FMO Social Procedure (contd) [Direct Investments] > Category A or B+ social specialist takes the lead - external impacts: Social Impact Assessment (as part of EIA) - labour issues: Social Assessment - E&S checklist and labour checklist - visit to site (interviews with HR manager/ H&S officer/ workers representative/ workers; objective evidence; H&S check) - third party consultation (contacts with local unions, NGOs, labor rights lawyers etc) > Category B environmental specialist takes the lead - labour checklist (determine scope)

26 FMO Social Procedure (contd) [Financial Institutions] > FI as a company - investment officer responsible - mostly Category B - assessment like direct investments > FI portfolio management - Environmental & Social Unit responsible - Category A/B/C, depends on portfolio profile - Environmental & Social Management System - FI course Financing Sustainability - FI ESMS support programme

27 FMO Social Procedure (contd) [Management Decision Phase] > Investment Officer writes project proposal - Category A and B: Investment officer writes social paragraph in project proposal > IMR writes Advice to IC and Management - Category A and B+: Social specialist writes Social Review Summary as part of ESRS (annex to project proposal) - Category B: Environmental specialist writes ESRS (annex to project proposal) - If not all issues dealt with: follow up or negative advice

28 FMO Social Policy & Score Card

29 FMO Social Procedure (contd) [Contracting Phase] > Category B (standard clauses): - Social Management System - Responsible person in Management - HRM and/or H&S staff - Annual Environmental & Social Reporting - If necessary: Social Action Plan > Additional for Category A and B+ - Independent third party verification - Community liaison staff/ unit

30 FMO Social Procedure (contd) [Monitoring Phase for A and B+ Projects] > Annual Environmental & Social Report · Conclusions in annual revision report > Regular visits to projects · check on agreed actions · check with management and employees · check with local unions, NGO´s, labor rights lawyers,… > Action if non-compliance · by or in consultation with the Environmental & Social Unit


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