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Patient Activation & Engagement BasicsInstitute For Clinical Systems Improvement Beth Webb, Project Manager, RN, BA May 29, 2013
Objectives Identify the vital role that patients and families play in ensuring health and well-being as well as facilitating better health outcomes Define the difference between patient activation & patient engagement Identify three patient engagement strategies and tools Identify the vital role that patients and families play in ensuring health and well-being as well as facilitating better health outcomes. Define the difference between patient activation & patient engagement. Identify three patient engagement strategies and tools. © ICSI 2013
Patient and family centered careA partnership among practitioners, patients, and their families (when appropriate) to ensure that decisions respect patients’ wants, needs, and preferences and that patients have the education and support they need to make decisions and participate in their own care © ICSI 2013
Patient-Centered Means….Respect and dignity Information sharing Participation Collaboration ~Institute for Patient and Family Centered Care © ICSI 2013
Patient-Centered Means….Start where the patient is Encourage realistic steps– creating opportunities to experience success Build on strengths Use measurement to assess and to track progress © ICSI 2013
Why be Patient-Centered?Total cost of care for patients with patient centered care is 48.63% less than those without1 Patient satisfaction can increase 3% or more when patient centered care is introduced2 70% of one MN health plan’s insured is getting treatment from a provider under a TCOC agreement 1Bertakis, K, Azari, R, Patient Centered care is Associated with Decreased Health Care Utilization, JABFM 24(3): (2011) 2 Charmel, P, Frampton, S, Building the business case for patient-centered care, Healthcare Financial Management, March 2008 © ICSI 2013
Two Experts in the Room Provider’s Expertise1 Patient’s ExpertiseDiagnosis Experience of illness Disease Etiology Social circumstances Prognosis Attitude to risk Treatment options Values Outcome possibilities Preferences Coulter, A., Collins, A., Making Shared Decision-Making a Reality, The Kings Fund 2011 © ICSI 2013
Patient Activation Patient activation—an “individual’s” knowledge, skill, and confidence for managing his/her own health and health care © ICSI 2013
Importance of ActivationIf people don’t understand their role, they aren‘t going to take action, they aren’t going to look for or take in new information If people don’t feel confident, they are less likely to be pro-active This appears to be true regardless of condition © ICSI 2013
Value of Activation Research consistently finds that those who are more activated are: Engaged in more preventive behaviors Engaged in more healthy behaviors Engaged in more disease specific self-management behaviors Engaged in more health information seeking behaviors © ICSI 2013
Value of Knowing Activation LevelTo know who needs more support To target the types of support and information patients and consumers need To evaluate efforts to increase activation To evaluate the quality of care To build the evidence base © ICSI 2013
Activation is developmentalSource: J.Hibbard, University of Oregon © ICSI 2013
Levels of ParticipationInternational Association of Public Participation © ICSI 2013
Can identify “next steps” more appropriately New Insights Can identify “next steps” more appropriately Presently asking too much of too many When we focus on the more complex and difficult behaviors– we discourage the least activated Start with patient’s values—minimize number of requests © ICSI 2013
Increasing ActivationTailored coaching Including brief coaching in the clinical setting– with follow-up Segmentation approaches and differential allocation of resources Care transitions and reducing hospital re-admissions © ICSI 2013
Patient and family engagementPatients, families, their representatives, and health professionals working in active partnership at various levels across the health care system—direct care, organizational design and governance, and policy making—to improve health and health care.1 1Health Aff February 2013 vol. 32 no © ICSI 2013 © ICSI 2013 16
Tools for Partnering with Patients, families and caregiversUnderstanding Behavior Change Stages of Change (Prochaska) Active Listening Coaching Motivational Interviewing Teach back Shared Decision Making © ICSI 2013
© ICSI 2013
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