Presentation on theme: "Civil War & the Reconstruction"— Presentation transcript:
1Civil War & the Reconstruction Sherry Woods,Caywood Elementary School Lexington, TNChapter 4
2Taking Sides Most Northerners supported the Union Most Southerners supported the Confederacy.
3Border States Missouri, Kentucky, Maryland, Delaware Allowed slavery, BUT supported the Union.Some fought for the NorthSome fought for the South
4TennesseeEast Tennessee mountain people sided with North
5Virginia Western part of Virginia supported the North Divided into two statesWest Virginia joined the Union in 1863
6Henry Clay’s Grandsons 4 fought for the North3 fought for the South
7Abraham Lincoln’s Family His wife’s brothers4 brothers fought for the South even though their brother-in-law was President of the Union.
8Robert E. Lee General for the United States Born in Virginia Decided to LEAVE the Union and join the Confederacy after his home state of Virginia seceded the Union.“I cannot raise my hand against my birthplace, my home, my children.”
9Battle Plans Determined The Battle of Bull Run A stream near Manassas Junction, VirginiaMany came bringing picnics to watch the North crush the South.Southerners were fighting to DEFEND their land.Outnumbered…Out supplied…But moreDetermined
10North’s War Strategies Lincoln called for MORE officersNeeded new battle plans1. Blockade South’s ships entering and leaving.2. Take over the Mississippi River3. Invade the South and CAPTURE their capital, RICHMOND, VirginiaAnaconda Plan
11South’s War Strategies Break the blockade so their ships could get throughGet help from Britain and France because they needed the South’s cotton.Invade and DESTROY Washington, D.C.
12Life on the Home Front Hard for everyone, North and South Most civilians were womenTook over factory work, businesses, and the farm work.Grew food, made clothes, bandages, and collected supplies.Worked as nursesServed as SPIESDressed as men and FOUGHT in the war!
13The War and Slavery South’s supplies were running out Lincoln thought about abolishing slaveryHeld back because of the Border StatesDidn’t want to make them mad because even though they supported the Union, they still allowed slavery.