Presentation on theme: "The Civil War The American war between the North and the South Created by Lisa Bremer 2003."— Presentation transcript:
The Civil War The American war between the North and the South Created by Lisa Bremer 2003
The American Civil War (1861 - 1865) was one of the most violent times in the History of the United States. Many books have been written on all aspects of the Civil War. More than 600,000 men gave their lives for their country in this war. This is more lives lost in one war than in all wars and conflicts combined following this period in time.
There were many reasons for a Civil War to happen in America, and political issues and disagreements began soon after the American Revolution ended in 1782.
Slavery Lincoln Elected The South Secedes Battle of Bull Run The War Order Emancipation Proclamation Surrender General Lee's Confederate Troops Assassination of President Lincoln Final surrender of the Confederate army Pre-1861 Mar. 1861 Jan. 1861 July 1861 Jan. 1862 Jan. 1863 April 9, 1865 April 14, 1865 May 4, 1865 __________________________________________________________ ___________________ Civil War Timeline Showing Major Events in the Civil War
Frederick Douglass was one of the foremost leaders of the abolitionist movement, which fought to end slavery within the United States in the decades prior to the Civil War.
A brilliant speaker, Douglass was asked by the American Anti-Slavery Society to engage in a tour of lectures, and so became recognized as one of America's first great black speakers. He won world fame when his autobiography was publicized in 1845. Two years later he began publishing an antislavery paper called the North Star.
Clara Barton 1821 - 1912 Angel of the Battlefield, American Red Cross Founder
In 1856, a seemingly unnecessary supporting case for the 1820 Missouri Compromise, Dred Scott vs Sandford, was allowed before the Court. This meant it would be seen by Chief Justice Taney.
Taney wrote the majority opinion in the Scott case, confirming slaves as property by ruling against Negro citizenship and then declaring that the Compromise itself was unconstitutional because Congress had no right, under the constitutional protection of private property, to bar slavery from new territories.
The Supreme Court rules on the landmark case Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas, unanimously agreeing that segregation in public schools is unconstitutional. The ruling paves the way for large- scale desegregation. The decision overturns the 1896 Plessy v. Ferguson ruling that sanctioned "separate but equal" segregation of the races, ruling that "separate educational facilities are inherently unequal." It is a victory for NAACP attorney Thurgood Marshall, who will later return to the Supreme Court as the nation's first black justice. May 17, 1954
The Montgomery Bus Boycott officially started on December 1, 1955. That was the day when the blacks of Montgomery, Alabama, decided that they would boycott the city buses until they could sit anywhere they wanted, instead of being relegated to the back when a white boarded.
It was not, however, the day that the movement to desegregate the buses started. Perhaps the movement started on the day in 1943 when a black seamstress named Rosa Parks paid her bus fare and then watched the bus drive off as she tried to re-enter through the rear door, as the driver had told her to do.
Later, on the 1st of December 1955, Mrs. Rosa Parks, was arrested in Montgomery, Alabama for not standing and letting a white bus rider take her seat.
Rosa Parks being fingerprinted for her actions on the Montgomery, Alabama Bus
Birmingham, Alabama Birmingham, Alabama, served as the center of black industrial employment for nearly a century, and the major site of black labor struggles and civil rights protests.
During civil rights protests in Birmingham, Ala., Commissioner of Public Safety Eugene "Bull" Connor uses fire hoses and police dogs on black demonstrators. These images of brutality, which are televised and published widely, are instrumental in gaining sympathy for the civil rights movement around the world. Birmingham Civil Rights March May 1963
Civil rights act of 1964 To enforce the constitutional right to vote, to confer jurisdiction upon the district courts of the United States to provide injunctive relief against discrimination in public accommodations, to authorize the Attorney General to institute suits to protect constitutional rights in public facilities and public education, to extend the Commission on Civil Rights, to prevent discrimination in federally assisted programs, to establish a Commission on Equal Employment Opportunity, and for other purposes.
American Indian Movement (AIM), organization of the Native American civil- rights movement, founded in 1968. Its purpose is to encourage self-determination among Native Americans and to establish international recognition of their treaty rights.
Samuel Gompers 1850-1924 First President of the American Federation of Labor, 1886-1924 One of the founders of the American Federation of Labor in 1886. He was elected president, a position he held, except for one year, until his death 38 years later.
Jane did an enormous amount when it came to peace. Jane Addams is best known as the founder of Hull House, a place that provided aid to poor working-class families in Chicago. These centers are often called "settlement houses.
Martin Luther King, Jr. A Civil Rights Activist who is most famous for his speech I Have A Dream
AUSTIN PEAY Governor of Tennessee 1901-1927 Native of Kentucky and the first and only Governor of Tennessee to die while in office. Austin Peay University is named after him. Was known for his work towards the transportation(roads) in Tennessee
Anne Dallas Dudley Nashville native and women's suffrage leader.
Dudley was a nationally recognized leader in the woman suffrage movement. She was president of the Tennessee Equal Suffrage Association and third vice president of the National American Woman Suffrage Association, and the first at-large woman delegate to the Democratic National Convention (1920). She and others led a campaign to change the stereotype suffragettes had acquired as anti-family radicals.
Dudley worked for the ratification of the 19th Amendment by the Tennessee General Assembly, making the state the thirty-sixth to ratify and woman suffrage the law of the land. Founder of the Nashville Suffrage League