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Redesign of Biology 101 at Salisbury University Getting Started on Course Redesign 1 February 2013.

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Presentation on theme: "Redesign of Biology 101 at Salisbury University Getting Started on Course Redesign 1 February 2013."— Presentation transcript:

1 Redesign of Biology 101 at Salisbury University Getting Started on Course Redesign 1 February 2013

2 Biology 101 in 2006 A Traditional Introductory Course for Non-majors Three hours of lecture and two hours of lab per week Lecture sections of 72–96 students Lab sections of 24 students Common lab syllabus Not a bottleneck like some courses (e.g., Anatomy and Physiology), but…

3 Course Needed Attention Course drift and duplication of effort in lecture Extensive faculty resources dedicated to course, including frequent need for overload pay Heterogeneous faculty investment in course Lab time not as productive as possible Student engagement Faculty engagement

4 Student Engagement How effective is the traditional lecture? –Is anyone listening? –Is everyone listening?

5 Maryland Course Redesign Initiative 2006–2009

6 SU Redesign Team Clem Counts Mark Frana Sam Geleta Ron Gutberlet Mark Holland (Dept Chair) Wanda Kelly Joan Maloof Claudia Morrison-Parker Wanda Perkins Betty Lou Smith Bob Tardiff (Assoc Provost) Melissa Thomas (IT) Enhancement of online learning in Biology 210 –Kim Hunter, Richard Hunter Dr. Les Erickson, learning technology guru (left)

7 Broad Support Assigned time to prepare and implement pilot section of redesigned course Department faculty and university administration supportive and encouraging Support (advice, implementation, etc.) from our Instructional Technology group NCAT strategies and mentoring –Carol Twigg and Carolyn Jarmon USM –Don Spicer, Nancy Shapiro, Stan Jakubik

8 Redesign Entire Course Benefits Opportunity to evaluate and focus course goals Counteract course drift Capture the best that each instructor has to offer Reduce duplication of effort Meaningful and interesting faculty interaction

9 Redesign Entire Course Challenges Compromise and consensus building Instructor buy-in across all sections Time needed for team-building Probably cant be forced from above Variation in faculty attitudes toward technology

10 Encourage Active Learning Did information transfer still require a lecture in 2006? Were traditional lectures serving our course goals? Can we do a better job of priming students for class? –Is anyone reading the textbook?

11 Key Components of Redesign Use of Blackboard to deliver online content that partially replaces traditional lectures –Weekly instructions –Study guide (outline of key content; questions, fill in blank) Reading assignments Online animations Online practice activities –Online quiz Maximize use of lab time for activities, discussion, team contests Use of clickers to engage more students, to initiate discussions, and to automate some grading

12 Encourage Active Learning Benefits Multiple ways for students to engage with the course material Students decide when to work on the course material, within the framework of scheduled deadlines Students held accountable for assigned work

13 Encourage Active Learning Challenges Significant paradigm shift, natural skepticism What to do with that uncomfortable feeling that you are failing to complete a critical transaction if you do not say something out loud to a room full of students? Is anyone listening? Is everyone listening?

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15 Value of Pilot Spring 2008 Learned that lecture time could probably be reduced to one hour per week Learned that limited traditional lecturing is probably beneficial Developed online course component Single instructor Student feedback prior to full implementation Evidence for skeptical faculty

16 Structure of Redesigned Course Replacement Model One hour of lecture and two hours of lab per week Large lecture sections (120 students) Small lab sections (24 students) Shared online component (Blackboard) Workload discussions

17 Course Structure TraditionalInitial RedesignFull Redesign Lecture hrs/week students/section sections Lab hrs/week students/section sections

18 Enhancements to Course Structure The same instructor now teaches all of the lab sections (5) from their lecture section. One section of Biology 101 with its 5 labs is a full teaching load. Course Coordinator Lab Coordinator

19 Additional Enhancements Complete revision of lab manual during summer 2008 Academic value of lab time is maximized activities and small group discussion. Revision of online materials based on student and instructor feedback; cost savings for students. Course drift minimized through use of common online materials and faculty cooperation and compromise (summer and fall 2008).

20 Evaluation and Assessment Three surveys –Midsemester survey –End-of-semester survey –Course evaluations Embedded exam questions –Same instructor, different semesters –Same semester, different instructors DFW rates –Same instructor, different semesters

21 Impact of Redesign on Student Engagement and LearningThe Good I liked the online style of the course. Online quizzes were helpful. I usually do not like bio but it quickly became my favorite this semester.

22 Impact of Redesign on Student Engagement and LearningThe Good …easy to want to come to class every time and not fall asleep. This was my favorite course this semester. I like the way this class is conducted better than my friends bio classes.

23 Impact of Redesign on Student Engagement and LearningThe Good I really like the mix between online work and class time. It is new and a little hard to get used to, but I like it! I never really liked bio until now. I like the online material…it makes class easier to attend. The breakdown of DNA and protein synthesis is interesting and never taught in my high school.

24 Impact of Redesign on Student Engagement and LearningThe Bad I would prefer a hard covered textbook. YouTube usually doesnt work on my computer. The only thing I dont like about the lessons is it goes into a great detail and covers things we dont need to know for the exam.

25 Impact of Redesign on Student Engagement and LearningThe Ugly Hybrid class sucked b/c I didnt learn anything from e-book or learning modules, time consuming or annoying. If you taught as much as you were supposed to, Id understand the topics better.

26 Impact of Redesign on Student LearningExam Performance Embedded QuestionsSame Semester Number of questions answered correctly by a higher percentage of students. PilotTie (± 5%)Traditional Exam 1522 Exam 2252

27 Impact of Redesign on Student LearningExam Performance Embedded QuestionsSame Instructor Number of questions answered correctly by a higher percentage of students. PilotTie (± 5%)Previous Semester Exam 1531 Exam 2441

28 Impact of Redesign on Student LearningSelected Survey Results Approximately how many hours per week do you spend working on the online lesson? –less than 1 hour10 (24%) –1-2 hours27 (64%) –2-5 hours 5 (12%) –more than 5 hours 0 (0%) The online lesson helps me understand the material and is important in my preparation for quizzes and exams. –Strongly agree12 (29%) –Agree30 (71%) –Disagree 0 (0%) –Strongly disagree 0 (0%)

29 Impact of Redesign on Student LearningSelected Survey Results Approximately how many hours per week do you spend working on the study guide? –less than 1 hour 7 (17%) –1-2 hours24 (57%) –2-5 hours11 (26%) –more than 5 hours 0 (0%) The study guide helps me understand the material and is important in my preparation for quizzes and exams. –Strongly agree30 (71%) –Agree12 (29%) –Disagree 0 (0%) –Strongly disagree 0 (0%)

30 Impact of Redesign on Student LearningSelected Survey Results I understand the material that we have covered so far in Biology 101. –Strongly agree11 (26%) –Agree32 (74%) –Disagree 2 (5%) –Strongly disagree 0 (0%) I have learned new things about biology this semester. –Strongly agree21 (51%) –Agree20 (49%) –Disagree 0 (0%) –Strongly disagree 0 (0%)

31 Impact of Redesign on Student LearningSelected Survey Results I can see how the topics we are covering are relevant to my life and my education. –Strongly agree 9 (21%) –Agree30 (70%) –Disagree 4 (9%) –Strongly disagree 0 (0%) Which of these best matches your feelings about the course? –Id prefer a traditional lecture with no online component. 5 (13%) –I like having a mix of online work and class time. 33 (83%) –Id prefer to have more online work and less class time. 2 (5%)

32 Impact of Redesign on Student RetentionDFW Rates PilotPrevious Semester Withdrawals0/484/87 Fs0/481/87 Ds3/485/87

33 Cost ReductionOverload Pay Fall 2006 (Traditional) Spring 2009 (Redesign) Fall 2009 (Redesign) $10,370.48$ $0

34 Cost ReductionCost per Student Traditional (Spring 2007) Redesign $329$155

35 Implementation Notes Comfort level of instructors improves significantly after one semester. Student attitudes and expectations evolve quickly. –Some resistance (very limited) to course design during pilot –Format of redesigned course is now expected by students and taken in stride

36 Implementation Notes In class is my favorite way of learning, but the online is like homework and reinforces what Ive learned. Only 1 or 2 of 48 pilot students had a strong negative reaction to the course format. 5 students from pilot changed their major to Biology

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40 Individualized Assistance Online learning tools Staffed computer labs Peer learning assistants Small group meetings –Discussion sections –Laboratories Supplementary instruction programs Online discussion tools

41 Ongoing Assessment Online quizzes Clickers in the classroom

42 Monitor Student Progress Track the time that students spend online doing coursework (Blackboard, publisher software) Incorporate periodic assessments to encourage completion of online work –Weekly online quizzes in Biol 101 Design an intervention strategy for students who are performing poorly on assessments or who are not spending sufficient time on task –A job for peer learning assistants?

43 NCATs Five Principles of Course Redesign Redesign the Entire Course Encourage Active Learning Provide Students with Individualized Assistance Build in Ongoing Assessment and Prompt (Automated) Feedback Ensure Sufficient Time on Task and Monitor Student Progress

44 Selected Goals of Biology 101 Improve biological literacy of our students Demonstrate relevance of biological science to all citizens Create a positive experience of biology, doing justice to the amazing natural world Distinguish science from non-science Share practical information about personal and environmental health

45 Maryland Course Redesign Initiative 2006–2009 This initiative is consistent with the recommendation of the Spellings Commission on The Future of Higher Education: "We urge states and institutions to establish course redesign programs using technology- based, learner-centered principles drawing upon the innovative work already being done by organizations such as the National Center for Academic Transformation." The USM will be the first System-wide initiative adhering to this recommendation. Each USM institution will be redesigning at least one pilot course during a 3 year period starting in It is expected that by the end of this period there will be internal capacity to redesign other courses as appropriate.

46 Implementation Issues Adequate coverage of course content –Positive effect of the online structure Technology –Browser compatibility with publisher materials –Clicker glitches (batteries, participant list, students forget) Faculty development and support (very good) –Assigned time –Blackboard training sessions Student attitudes and reactions –Mostly very positive –Some (limited) perception that redesigns purpose is for the instructor to get out of work –eBook was not popular

47 Evaluation and Assessment Student surveys –Response to course is generally positive –Students spend more time working on course material Embedded exam questions –Student performance has improved or stayed the same DFW rates –Decrease from 11 to 6% for one instructor –Heterogeneous results during fall 2008 Full implementation in spring 2009 –Analysis pending


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