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Water Cycle.

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Presentation on theme: "Water Cycle."— Presentation transcript:

1 Water Cycle

2 Are you drinking the same water a dinosaur drank?
Could you be drinking the same water a saber tooth tiger lapped up? What do you think? Is the water we have on earth today the same water that was here millions of years ago? Water on earth moves in a continuous cycle. This is called THE WATER CYCLE. There is about the same amount of water on earth now that there was when the dinosaurs roamed our planet.


4 The cycle starts when the sun's heat provides energy to evaporate water from the surface. Then, winds lift the water vapor from the ocean over the lands into the atmosphere. The water vapor condenses to form clouds, and when the conditions are just right, the clouds release water as rain or snow. About 80% of the rain falls in the oceans, but the rest falls onto land. Rivers and streams collect water from the ground and return it to the ocean so the whole cycle can start all over again. The water cycle never ends because the salty ocean water constantly supplies fresh water to the continents.


6 One process which tranfers water from the ground back to the atmosphere is evaporation. Evaporation is when water passes from a liquid phase to a gas phase. Rates of evaporation of water depend on factors such as solar radiation, the temperature, humidity, and wind. Water that is held in lakes and rivers evaporates directly into the atmosphere, but some of the water in the groung may also be returned to the atmosphere by way of evaporation through the soil surface. Of course, the ocean is the greatest source for water evaporated into the atmosphere.

7 Condensation is the change of water from its gaseous form (water vapor) into liquid water. Condensation generally occurs in the atmosphere when warm air rises, cools and looses its capacity to hold water vapor. As a result, excess water vapor condenses to form cloud droplets.

8 Precipitation is the main way for transporting water from the atmosphere to the surface of the earth. There are several forms of precipitation, the most common of which for the United States is rain. Other forms of precipitation include; hail, snow, sleet, and freezing rain.

9 Groundwater is all the water that has gone through the earth's surface and is found in one of two soil layers. The one nearest the surface is the "zone of aeration", where gaps between soil are filled with both air and water. Below this layer is the "zone of saturation", where the gaps are filled with water.

10 Transpiration is the process by which plants return water to the atmosphere. After absorbing water from the ground, plants release water through their leaves. Transpiration helps plants stay cool, in the same way perspiration keeps humans and animals cool.

11 Runoff is the movement of land water to the oceans, mostly in the form of rivers, lakes, and streams. Runoff consists of precipitation that hasn’t evaporated, transpired or penetrated the surface to become groundwater. Even the smallest streams are connected to larger rivers that carry billions of gallons of water into oceans worldwide.

12 water cycle looks like moving
Let's see what the water cycle looks like moving and complete a puzzle.

13 Let's find out what would happen to two water drops in the water cycle.

14 The water cycle story starts as
the Sun looks down on 2 water drops.... I am hot and full of energy! It's getting hot! I feel light and airy! The Sun's heat provides energy to evaporate water from the Earth's surface (oceans, lakes, etc.).

15 You have evaporated! We're not floating in the water! We are water vapor! I feel so strange! Evaporation occurs when heat is placed on water until the temperature becomes warm enough to change water into a gas.

16 It's water, but it's a gas. We have evaported. Let's fly up high! What is water vapor?

17 Condensation is the cooling of water vapor until it becomes a liquid
Condensation is the cooling of water vapor until it becomes a liquid. As the dew point is reached, water vapor forms tiny visible water droplets. When these droplets form in the sky and other atmospheric conditions are present, clouds will form. Let's join the others and form a cloud. Okay, let's condense.

18 I'm a beautiful cloud. Is it getting cold? I think I'm going to snow.

19 I can't stop falling. Where are we going? Down. When the clouds meet cool air over land, precipitation (rain, sleet, or snow) is triggered, and water returns to the land (or sea).

20 We're stuck on a glacier. A river of ice! Now I'm ice! I hate this part of the water cycle!

21 We're only moving 1 foot a year. This is so boooring! It's so far to the bottom!

22 A long, long, long time later, two very bored drops of water emerge from the bottom of the glacier.
Wow! We finally melted! We're a stream! Most of the water flows downhill as runoff (above ground or underground), eventually returning to the seas as slightly salty water.

23 Watch out for the waterfall!

24 We're in a river. It's getting warmer.

25 We're in a reservoir now. Here we go down the pipes.

26 They missed us! Oh no! We're coming out of the sink and someones making coffee!                            We're going back down the drain.                             

27 Hi there! Did you miss me? We're back in the ocean.

28 I feel hot and dizzy. Here we go again!


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