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Introduction to Health Information Literacy Developed by the Medical Library Association working with the National Library of Medicine under contract HHSN276200663511/NO1-LM-6-3511.

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Presentation on theme: "Introduction to Health Information Literacy Developed by the Medical Library Association working with the National Library of Medicine under contract HHSN276200663511/NO1-LM-6-3511."— Presentation transcript:

1 Introduction to Health Information Literacy Developed by the Medical Library Association working with the National Library of Medicine under contract HHSN /NO1-LM April 2008

2 Learning Objectives Describe the impact low health literacy has on quality patient care Define health information literacy and the challenges patients face Identify health information literacy resources and tools available to you and your patients

3 What is Health Literacy? The degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process, and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions. Healthy People 2010

4 What factor affect Health Literacy? Health literacy is dependent on the individual and system factors: Communication skills Information and knowledge Culture and language Demands of the system

5 Health Literacy From the Patients Perspective? Source: Help Your Patients Understand. AMA Foundation Health Literacy. www/.a-ssn.org/ama/pub/ category/8115.html www/.a-ssn.org/ama/pub/ category/8115.htmlwww/.a-ssn.org/ama/pub/ category/8115.html Mrs. Cordell Mr. Bell

6 Why is Health Literacy Important? Health literacy is linked to: Under utilization of services Increased medication error Poor knowledge about health Poor health outcomes Increased hospitalization Increased health care costs

7 Why Now? Healthy People 2010 (DHHS 2000) Health Literacy: A Prescription to End Confusion (IOM 2004) Evidence Report/Literacy and Health (AHRQ 2004) 17th Surgeon General of the United States - Dr. Richard Carmona (2006)

8 Why Hospitals? The safety of patients cannot be assured without mitigating the negative effects of low health literacy and ineffective communication on patient care. The Joint Commission Source: What did the Doctor Say?: Improving Health Literacy To Protect Patient Safety. The Joint Commission (2007).

9 How is Information Critical to Health Literacy? Health information is key to: Patient and provider communication Shared health care decision making Understanding and following a treatment plan Recognizing when to seek care Learning about and adopting healthy behaviors

10 What is Health Information Literacy? The abilities needed to: Recognize a health information need Identify relevant sources of information Assess the quality of the information Understand and use the information to make informed health care decisions

11 What are the Health Information Literacy Challenges? Health Literacy Levels Readability of Health Materials Health Information and the Internet

12 Health Literacy in the U.S. Over 75 million adults have Basic and Below Basic health literacy Over 75 million adults have Basic and Below Basic health literacy Only 1 in 9 adults have proficient health literacy skills Only 1 in 9 adults have proficient health literacy skills Number & Percentage of Adults in Each Health Literacy Level Source: The Health Literacy of American Adults. Results from the 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy. National Center for Education Statistics (2006).http://nces.ed.gov/Pubsearch/pubsinfo.asp?pubid= Source: The Health Literacy of American Adults. Results from the 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy. National Center for Education Statistics (2006).

13 Readability of Health Information Numerous studies document health materials written at reading levels far exceeding patient skills More recent studies find similar results looking at the readability and usability of online health resources Source: NLM BibliographyUnderstanding Health Literacy and Its Barriers (2004):

14 Computers and the Internet 80% of Internet users search for health information 86% do not seek advice about which websites to use 72% express trust in most or all information found online 75% said they rarely or never check for source and date Source: Fox, S. Vital Decisions (2003). Online Health Search (2006). Washington, DC:Pew Internet & American Life Project. Source: Fox, S. Vital Decisions (2003). Online Health Search (2006). Washington, DC: Pew Internet & American Life Project.

15 MLA Top 10 Most Useful Consumer Health Websites Cancer.gov * CDC.gov * Familydoctor.org * Healthfinder.gov * Kidshealth.org * AidsInfo.nih.gov Mayoclinic.com Medlineplus.gov * Medem.com Noah-health.org * *Available in Spanish and/or other languages

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17 Interactive Health Tutorials

18 NIHSeniorHealth.gov

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22 Deciphering Medspeak Medical Library Associations Consumer Health Brochures HIV Cancer Diabetes Asthma Others

23 Strategies to Improve Communication Limit information (3-5 key points) Use easy-to-read information Be specific and concrete, demonstrate Check for understanding, use a Teach Back or Show Me approach Recognize culture difference and language needs

24 How Can Librarians Help? Fill Information Rxs with accurate and reliable information Free access to the Internet Help patients find information they can use and understand Patient information packets

25 How Can Librarians Help? Patient/Consumer trainings Search skills Search skills Assessment skills Assessment skills Provider trainings Search skills Health literacy training Community outreach

26 Take Home Points Accurate and reliable information is critical to health literacy and essential to providing quality care Info Rxs is a valuable tool for referring patients to reliable health information and to the hospital library for support

27 Thank You! Questions Comments

28 References AHRQ ReportLiteracy and Health Outcomes (2004): AMA Foundation Health Literacy: assn.org/ama/pub/category/8115.html AMA Foundation Health Literacy: assn.org/ama/pub/category/8115.htmlwww.ama- assn.org/ama/pub/category/8115.htmlwww.ama- assn.org/ama/pub/category/8115.html Carmona, R.H. (2006) Health Literacy: A National Priority Journal of General Internal Medicine 21(8). Carmona, R.H. (2006) Health Literacy: A National Priority Journal of General Internal Medicine 21(8). synergy.com/doi/full/ /j xwww.blackwell- synergy.com/doi/full/ /j x Fox, S. & Fallows, D. Internet Health Resources. Washington, DC:Pew Internet & American Life Project (2003). Fox, S. & Fallows, D. Internet Health Resources. Washington, DC: Pew Internet & American Life Project (2003). Healthy People 2010 (2000): Healthy People 2010 Health Literacy Action Plan Communicating Health: Priorities and Strategies for Progress (2003):

29 References IOM ReportHealth Literacy: A Prescription To End Confusion (2004): NIH/AHRQ program announcementsUnderstanding and Promoting Health Literacy: files/PAR html; 117.html files/PAR htmlhttp://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PAR html NLM BibliographyUnderstanding Health Literacy and Its Barriers (2004): The Health Literacy of Americas Adults: Results from the 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy The Health Literacy of Americas Adults: Results from the 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy The Joint Commission Report: What did the Doctor Say?: Improving Health Literacy To Protect Patient Safety (2007): The Joint Commission Report: What did the Doctor Say?: Improving Health Literacy To Protect Patient Safety (2007): Medical Library Association, Top 10 Most Useful Consumer Health Websites Medical Library Association, Top 10 Most Useful Consumer Health Websites


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