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United Nations University Institute for Environment & Human Security IATF MEETING– Geneve 24-26 May 2005. Advancing human security through knowledge-based.

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Presentation on theme: "United Nations University Institute for Environment & Human Security IATF MEETING– Geneve 24-26 May 2005. Advancing human security through knowledge-based."— Presentation transcript:

1 United Nations University Institute for Environment & Human Security IATF MEETING– Geneve May Advancing human security through knowledge-based approaches to reducing vulnerability and environmental risks Setting up an end-to-end IO-EWS (Tsunamis) Juan Carlos Villagrán De León Scientific Advisor

2 United Nations University Institute for Environment & Human Security IATF MEETING– Geneve May EWS – a basic end-to-end framework Challenge for an end-to-end EWS: Migrating from 3 to 4 phases. Efforts headed by IOC-UNESCO are spanning the three top phases from the international to the national level. Technically oriented segment. The two lower phases require more attention and take place from the national to the local level. People-centered segment.

3 United Nations University Institute for Environment & Human Security IATF MEETING– Geneve May EWS – what it takes to make them work: As proposed by PPEW: four requirements for an efficient and opportune early warning system: 1) Risk knowledge 2) Warning service 3) Dissemination 4) Response capability

4 United Nations University Institute for Environment & Human Security IATF MEETING– Geneve May IO-TWS: issues to consider: Many countries are lacking the basic structures, protocols, and resources to carry out these four phases. Possible conflicting strategies on issues related to the warning phase: as proposed during the Paris meeting. As may be already designed in some countries. Dissemination of warnings should be carried out using reduntant means whenever possible. Multi-hazard - coastal hazards.

5 United Nations University Institute for Environment & Human Security IATF MEETING– Geneve May IO-TWS: current status: Onset of the anticipated response: This is recognized by IOC-UNESCO as a national responsibility. Resources will be required to strengthen capacities in many countries at all levels (national to local). Efforts should include the strengthening of coordination from the national to the local levels. International efforts should address long-term sustainability Eforts should incorporate the 4 basic requirements. Recognize different existing conditions in countries.

6 United Nations University Institute for Environment & Human Security IATF MEETING– Geneve May Some standing issues to consider: IO-TWS Centralized Sri Lanka National disaster agency spanning from national to lower levels, including district or municipal levels. Starting with a new legislation and a new structure related to disaster management. Descentralized Indonesia Provinces in charge of disaster preparedness and response. National-level agency still trying to find its role in this new framework. Modyfying existing structure.

7 United Nations University Institute for Environment & Human Security IATF MEETING– Geneve May Some standing issues to consider: IO-TWS Regional efforts IO-TWS Many actors from international, regional, and national levels, through IOC- UNESCO. Starting with PTWS as an example. Need to incorporate the 4th phase. Bi-lateral efforts Germany- Indonesia National-level institutions from Germany and Indonesia through an MOU. Starting with a bi- national approach. Need to incorporate the 4th phase?

8 United Nations University Institute for Environment & Human Security IATF MEETING– Geneve May Final recommendations: The design and establishment of the regional IO-TWS, national disaster preparedness and people-centred early warning. Education, awareness of what it takes to live in coastal areas. Coordination of activities within the UN agencies, as well as within NGOs to avoid duplication of efforts, or gaps in coverage. Linking this effort to the Hyogo framework of action. Promoting a proactive risk-management culture. Efforts should proceed in parallel in relation to : Hambantota, Southern Sri Lanka. Feb


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