Presentation on theme: "LITERARY TERMS Grade 7, 2013. ALLITERATION The repetition of the beginning sounds in groups of words, usually at the beginning of words. Ex. Descending."— Presentation transcript:
ALLITERATION The repetition of the beginning sounds in groups of words, usually at the beginning of words. Ex. Descending dew drops, luscious lemons.
ANTAGONIST/PROTAGONIST Antagonist: the major character in a narrative or drama that works against the protagonist. Protagonist: the main character! Ex: Cinderella is the protagonist and her step-mother is the antagonist.
ATMOSPHERE The overall emotional impression we get from the words, images, setting, and pace of a story. Ex: The atmosphere in The Boy in the Striped Pajamas is light and even humerous at times, that is until the book nears the end and we get an ominous feeling.
CLIMAX The highest point of interest in a piece of writing After the climax the piece of writing will resolve itself and come to an end
CONFLICT Internal: emotional struggle inside a person, often involving a choice/decision. External: a struggle with an outside force Interpersonal – between people Nature Society
FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE a form of language use in which writers and speakers convey something other than the literal meaning of their words. Ex: “Shake a leg,” “I’m so hungry I could eat a horse!”
FOCAL POINT The main area of interest in a visual.
FLASHBACK an interruption of a work's chronology to describe or present an incident that occurred prior to the main time frame of a work's action Ex: There were many flashbacks in The Boy in the Striped Pajamas. For example, Bruno and his family were already in Out-With when he thought back to the train ride that lead them to their new home.
FORESHADOWING A technique for providing clues about events that may happen later in the story. In The Boy in the Striped Pajamas, Shmuel declares that he has never seen a group return after a march. This leads the audience to think that maybe the boys and their group will not return.
FREE VERSE Poems without any pattern of rhyme, rhythm, meter, or stanza. Ex: Fog by Carl Sandburg The fog comes on little cat feet. It sits looking over harbor and city on silent haunches and then moves on.
HYPERBOLE A ridiculous exaggeration. Used for humorous or dramatic effect. Ex. It rained cats and dogs!
IMAGERY Language that creates pictures in a reader’s mind to bring life to the experiences and feelings described in writing. Imagery appeals to the five senses! Ex:
IRONY Created when the speaker/writer intends a meaning that is opposite to the words that are said/written. It is a form of sarcasm. Ex: “Knows she can’t skate, by!”
LITERAL MEANING Language that means exactly what it says. Ex: Using this camera literally is a slice of cake!
METAPHOR A direct comparison, NOT using “like” or “as.” Ex: “The assignment was a breeze.”
MOOD The overall feeling created by the author’s choice of words. Ex: The mood is light througout most of The Boy in the Striped Pajamas.
PERSONIFICATION Human qualities or actions are given to non-human beings or objects. Ex: The car happily squeeled down the highway.
PLOT the unified structure of incidents in a literary work. (exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, and resolution
POINT OF VIEW The perspective used to tell a story. First person – uses I. Second Person – uses you, but not I. Third Person – uses he/she. The narrator tells the story but isn’t part of it (fly-on-the-wall). Third Person Omniscient – uses he/she to tell the thoughts and feelings of more than one character (a god-like narrator).
SETTING Time Place Circumstance/situation
SIMILE A comparison using “like” or “as.” Ex:
SYMBOLISM Using something concrete (object, person, etc.) to represent something abstract (like a feeling, idea, or concept). Ex: The Canadian Cancer Society has chosen the daffodil as a symbol of hope in the fight against cancer.
THEME The main idea or message that the author wants to communicate. It should be written as a sentence, not as a word. Ex: “Denial” cannot be a theme, but “Even the most horrific events can disappear with denial” can be a theme.
TONE The Feelings and emotions that the author puts into his/her writing. Eg: horror, happiness, sadness etc