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Ancient Greece Philosophers World History I Miss LaFerriere.

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Presentation on theme: "Ancient Greece Philosophers World History I Miss LaFerriere."— Presentation transcript:

1 Ancient Greece Philosophers World History I Miss LaFerriere

2 Greek Philosophy What is philosophy? – Literally means “love of wisdom” The philosophers were “seekers of wisdom” who tried to study the world in a systematic way Believed people could understand the world and universe through logic and reason Earliest group were known as sophists – men of wisdom – Main concern was political and social success – Many were teachers who trained the children of the wealthy

3 Socrates 469 – 399 B.C.E Developed the Socratic Method – a question and answer technique to study issues – Designed to make people examine/question their beliefs – Also to make people question how one should one live by examining goodness, truth and justice (values) Put on trial at age 70 for “corrupting the youth” – Sentenced to death: drank hemlock poison

4 The Death of Socrates Painted by Jacques Louis David 1787

5 Plato Student of Socrates Believed that at birth everyone is born with an intellectual soul (knowledge of universal concepts) but this knowledge must be drawn out through education, reflection, and speculation

6 Plato 428 – 347 B.C.E

7 PLato Wrote The Republic – outlined his ideas of an ideal society – Believed no one should have wealth or luxury and all should do what they are best suited to do Founded the Academy in 387 B.C.E

8 Aristotle Student of Plato Believed reason was the highest good Praised the virtues of self-reliance and self control Opened a school – The Lyceum – World’s first scientific institute

9 Aristotle 384-322 B.C.E.

10 Aristotle Questioned nature of the world and human belief, thought, and knowledge Used logic to argue points His work provided the basis for scientific method – Question, Research, Hypothesis, Experiment, Conclusion Taught Alexander the Great

11 Impact Ancient Greek Philosophers - in particularly Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle – influenced the development of western philosophy, science, religion (including Christianity!), politics, and ethics. Their work is as relevant today as it was during their lifetimes.

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