Presentation on theme: "Ancient Greece Philosophers World History I Miss LaFerriere."— Presentation transcript:
Ancient Greece Philosophers World History I Miss LaFerriere
Greek Philosophy What is philosophy? – Literally means “love of wisdom” The philosophers were “seekers of wisdom” who tried to study the world in a systematic way Believed people could understand the world and universe through logic and reason Earliest group were known as sophists – men of wisdom – Main concern was political and social success – Many were teachers who trained the children of the wealthy
Socrates 469 – 399 B.C.E Developed the Socratic Method – a question and answer technique to study issues – Designed to make people examine/question their beliefs – Also to make people question how one should one live by examining goodness, truth and justice (values) Put on trial at age 70 for “corrupting the youth” – Sentenced to death: drank hemlock poison
The Death of Socrates Painted by Jacques Louis David 1787
Plato Student of Socrates Believed that at birth everyone is born with an intellectual soul (knowledge of universal concepts) but this knowledge must be drawn out through education, reflection, and speculation
Aristotle Questioned nature of the world and human belief, thought, and knowledge Used logic to argue points His work provided the basis for scientific method – Question, Research, Hypothesis, Experiment, Conclusion Taught Alexander the Great
Impact Ancient Greek Philosophers - in particularly Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle – influenced the development of western philosophy, science, religion (including Christianity!), politics, and ethics. Their work is as relevant today as it was during their lifetimes.