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Automatic Configuration of IP Networks and Routers Kenji Hori, Kiyohito Yoshihara, and Hiroki Horiuchi KDDI R&D Laboratories Inc. 2-1-15 Ohara Kamifukuoka-Shi.

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Presentation on theme: "Automatic Configuration of IP Networks and Routers Kenji Hori, Kiyohito Yoshihara, and Hiroki Horiuchi KDDI R&D Laboratories Inc. 2-1-15 Ohara Kamifukuoka-Shi."— Presentation transcript:

1 Automatic Configuration of IP Networks and Routers Kenji Hori, Kiyohito Yoshihara, and Hiroki Horiuchi KDDI R&D Laboratories Inc Ohara Kamifukuoka-Shi Saitama , Japan TEL: FAX: {hori, yosshy,

2 Introduction Techniques for automatic configuration of IP networks and routers are desirable –The presence of a highly skilled user like a network operator cannot be assumed. –The deployment of automatically configurable network would be cost-effective in terms of efficient network operation and management. Requirements for automatic configuration are identified, comparing existing proposals ARCP is promising; however, the current version has problems to be solved: –An address management solution is not provided explicitly. –A DHCP server cannot provide an appropriate address of the default gateway. –Operations for discovering addition/deletion of routers (Peer Discovery) and for adapting router settings to network changes(Renumbering) can cause unstable repetitive changes of address. –Renumbering operations can evaporate the addresses of default gateways. In this paper: –We identify requirements for an automatic configuration protocol. –We compare existing proposals with our requirements, showing that ARCP is the closest to satisfy our requirements. –We address the above problems in detail, and propose solutions. –We describe works in progress and show preliminary simulation results.

3 Requirements and comparison of existing proposals Table 1. Comparison of existing proposals Requirements Proposals (R1)Management by external management system (R2)IP prefix and address assignment and supporting topology (R3)IPv4/ IPv6 Automatic Router Configuration Protocol (ARCP) ([2]) configures according to a predefined or default scheme of behavior and address allocation using DHCP relay agents. Configuration settings are managed by external management systems. Prefixes and addresses are assigned under any topology. Automatic decision of an appropriate prefix length is not provided. Supports IPv4 and IPv6. Multilink-subnets ([1]) aggregates L2 links into a single IPv6 subnet using a sort of ND (Neighbor Discovery) proxy called MSR (Multilink Subnet Router). Not provided. There is no need to be managed, if they use the link-local prefix. Assignment of prefixes and addresses is not required, because it assumes a single subnet. Current support is only star topology. Supports IPv6 only. Prefix Delegation (PD) methods *1 delegates some address space and prefixes to routers from the management system. (*1)PD is a generic name for [6], [7], and [8]. Provided, but limited. They provide methods for prefix delegation only. [6], [7], [8] do not provide automatic decision of addresses and prefix length for a subnet. [6] can assign prefixes, and may work under any topology if used with DHCP relay agents. [7] and [8] work only under a single subnet. Automatic decision of an appropriate prefix length is not provided. [6],[7],[8] supports only IPv6. Autonomous Prefix and Address Assignment (APAA) methods *2 assigns a prefix to a subnet by routers, without assumption of necessity to distribute global prefixes. (*2)APAA is a generic name for [4] and [5]. Not provided.Prefixes and addresses are assigned under any topology. A presetted prefix length is applied to all subnets. [4] supports IPv4 and IPv6. [5] supports only IPv6.

4 Overview of ARCP (1) Fig.1: Basic operation of ARCP

5 Overview of ARCP (2) Fig.2: Peer discovery and Renumbering operations

6 Problem (1): Address management is not explicitly provided. Fig.5: Address management solution for ARCP (S2) Fig.3: Address assignment by solution S1 Solution (1): All addresses are managed originally by a DHCP server. Fig.4: Address assignment by solution S2

7 Problem (2): DHCP server cannot provide addresses of default gateways. Fig.6: An example of problem and solution S1 Fig.7: An Example of solution S2 Solution (2): ARCP routers replace values of DHCP router option field.

8 Problem (3): Peer Discovery and Renumbering operations can cause repetitive address changes. Fig.8: Problem of repeating Renumbering operation Fig.9: Solution with static priority method Solution (3): The ARCP server presets static priority for each subnet.

9 Problem (4): Renumbering operations can evaporate default gateway address. Fig.11: Solution with prohibition of actual Renumbering operation Solution (4): ARCP routers suspends actual Renumbering operation until downstream ARCP routers are configured. Fig.10: Problem of evaporating default gateway address

10 Simulation example of ARCP Fig.13: An example network Fig.14: Results with example network shown in Fig.13 Number of routers (N) Time of completion of accommodation [sec]

11 Conclusions In this paper: Requirements for automatic configuration of IP networks and routers are identified first. Comparative study on existing proposals is presented next, which shows that ARCP under standardization by IETF is the closest to satisfy requirements. We examine a basic operation of ARCP in detail. We address four problems and propose solutions. In order to evaluate proposed solutions, we are developing a simulator. The work is in progress, and we present preliminary simulation results. Future work: Comparative simulation study of proposed solutions and standardized ARCP Development of: –Advanced decision method of subnet selection priority in Renumbering operation –Adaptive and dynamic subnet resizing (variable prefix length) method –Extension for operation on IPv6 and IPv6-IPv4 mixed networks. –Hybrid method combined with other proposals Implementation of proposed solutions and evaluation in operational networks

12 Reference [1] D. Thaler and C. Huitema, Multi-link Subnet Support in IPv6, drafts/draft-ietf-ipv6-multilink-subnets-00.txt, Jun [2] J. Linton, Automatic Router Configuration Protocol, linton- arcp-00.txt, Oct [3] J. Linton and G. Chelius, Zerouter Protocol Requirements, linton-zerouter-requirements-00.txt, Dec [4] A. White and A. Williams, Zero-Configuration Subnet Prefix Allocation Using UIAP, Oct [5] G. Chelius, E. Fleury and L. Toutain, Using OSPFv3 for IPv6 router autoconfiguration, Jun [6] O. Troan and R. Droms, IPv6 Prefix Options for DHCPv6, drafts/draft- ietf-dhc-dhcpv6-opt-prefix-delegation-03.txt, Mar [7] B. Haberman and J. Martin, Automatic Prefix Delegation Protocol for Internet Protocol Version 6 (IPv6), Feb [8] N. Lutchansky, IPv6 Router Advertisement Prefix Delegation Option, drafts/draft-lutchann-ipv6-delegate-option-01.txt, Feb [9] [10]


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