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Empirical Study on the Implementation and Analysis of Influence Factors of Enterprise Patent Based on Survey of China Li ying Wang Doctor / Professor Mingshun.

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Presentation on theme: "Empirical Study on the Implementation and Analysis of Influence Factors of Enterprise Patent Based on Survey of China Li ying Wang Doctor / Professor Mingshun."— Presentation transcript:

1 Empirical Study on the Implementation and Analysis of Influence Factors of Enterprise Patent Based on Survey of China Li ying Wang Doctor / Professor Mingshun Song Professor 27/6/2011 China JiLiang University

2 Li ying Wang Doctor/Professor Content RESULTS 4 RELATED STUDIES OF PATENT IMPLEMENTATION 2 METHOD 3 5 DISCUSSION INTRODUCTION 1

3 Li ying Wang Doctor/Professor INTRODUCTION Quality and quantity of patents are not only an important foundation for national economic strength, but also a significant manifestation of the core competitiveness of enterprises

4 Li ying Wang Doctor/Professor INTRODUCTION coordination of technical innovation results transforming innovation into IP resources and market competitive advantages providing a solid operational foundation and driving force for independent innovation The role of the patent system The role of the patent system

5 Li ying Wang Doctor/Professor INTRODUCTION decision references From scientific to productivities. the characteristics and impact factors of the enterprise patents implementation advancement of innovation the patent is an important indicator of technological progress providing data support and decision references rapid transformation from scientific and technological achievements into practical productivities

6 Li ying Wang Doctor/Professor in lack of innovation resources Therefore, it is of practical importance to start an empirical research based on Zhejiang provinces in China. disadvantage industrial structure the patent activities rank at the forefront in China INTRODUCTION How about Zhejiang provinces in China?

7 Li ying Wang Doctor/Professor Content RESULTS 4 RELATED STUDIES OF PATENT IMPLEMENTATION 2 METHOD 3 5 DISCUSSION INTRODUCTION 1

8 Li ying Wang Doctor/Professor the manufacturing, use, offer to sell, sales and importing of the patented products by the patentee himself or by an granted party for human production and business purposes or the use of patented methods and the use, offer to sell, sales and importing of the products directly obtained with the patented methods Patent Implementation RELATED STUDIES OF PATENT IMPLEMENTATION

9 Li ying Wang Doctor/Professor Lerner 2002 Lerner 2002 –the level of economic development, the political environment and the legal tradition are three important factors impacting patent protection and implementation Ginarte and Park 1997 –the impact factors of patent protection and implementation are the enterprise R & D level, market characteristics and international collaboration Hall and Harhoff2004 2004 – the establishment of examination system after patent grant had a positive effect on the obtaining of technological information from a third party, especially from a competitor. Fan zaifeng 2004 –that technology and system are equally important in promoting economic growth and that for China it is particularly important to focus on intellectual property system in the protection and encouragement of technology innovation Patent implementation is impacted by many factors Conclude2011Conclude2011 –is impacted by relevant policies and regulations, market characteristics, regional economic development, enterprise R&D levels etc.

10 Li ying Wang Doctor/Professor Content RESULTS 4 RELATED STUDIES OF PATENT IMPLEMENTATION 2 METHOD 3 5 DISCUSSION INTRODUCTION 1

11 Li ying Wang Doctor/Professor METHOD In order to understand the basic situation of enterprises patent implementation, the National Intellectual Property Office started a sampling survey of patent grant from 2005 to 2007 in Chinese enterprises. The investigation was carried on through stratified sampling and random sampling, matching the patents according to different years and types. The survey focused on the basic situation of the patentees, the patentee R & D state, the implementation of granted patents and entrepreneurs, etc.

12 Li ying Wang Doctor/Professor METHOD The subjective included 2100 granted patents in Zhejiang Province, the effective questionnaire number is 1889, including 521 invention patents, 657 utility patents and 711 design patents. A total of 863 enterprises participated in this survey, including 639 privately held enterprises (74%); The investigated enterprises included 395 small enterprises (46%); 364 medium-sized enterprises (42%); The surveyed enterprises covered a wide range of businesses in different industries, mainly in the manufacturing field (71%).

13 Li ying Wang Doctor/Professor Content RESULTS 4 RELATED STUDIES OF PATENT IMPLEMENTATION 2 METHOD 3 5 DISCUSSION INTRODUCTION 1

14 Li ying Wang Doctor/Professor Market Economic System Patent Implementation is impacted by four important factors. F1F2 F4F3 RESULTS Pulling Factor of Impacting Patent Implementation

15 Li ying Wang Doctor/Professor RESULTS Figure 1 Situation and Phase of Enterprise Patent Implementation 1736 have been implemented in 1889 granted patents; the implementation rate is 91.90%.

16 Li ying Wang Doctor/Professor RESULTS Figure 1 Situation and Phase of Enterprise Patent Implementation The implementation rate of invention patent is 85.60%, slightly lower than that of utility patent and design patent.

17 Li ying Wang Doctor/Professor RESULTS Figure 1 Situation and Phase of Enterprise Patent Implementation 88% of implemented patents are still in the implementation phase

18 Li ying Wang Doctor/Professor RESULTS Figure 2 Profit of Enterprise Patent Implementation about Three Patent Type The actual profits obtained from patent implementation between 500,000 to 5 million takes up one third in proportion,

19 Li ying Wang Doctor/Professor RESULTS Figure 2 Profit of Enterprise Patent Implementation about Three Patent Type the commercial profits of invention patents is higher than that of utility patents and design patents.

20 Li ying Wang Doctor/Professor RESULTS Table1 Situation of Patent Implementation about Different Area of Zhejiang and Different Type Enterprise Based on the patent implementation situation, the patent implementation rate in the five investigated area including Hangzhou, Ningbo, Shaoxing, Taizhou and Jinhua is above 89%;.

21 Li ying Wang Doctor/Professor RESULTS Table1 Situation of Patent Implementation about Different Area of Zhejiang and Different Type Enterprise more than two-thirds of the surveyed companies are private enterprises;

22 Li ying Wang Doctor/Professor RESULTS Table1 Situation of Patent Implementation about Different Area of Zhejiang and Different Type Enterprise nearly 80% are small and medium enterprises

23 Li ying Wang Doctor/Professor RESULTS Table1 Situation of Patent Implementation about Different Area of Zhejiang and Different Type Enterprise But the aid of agencies is not high, accounting for an average of 33.03%; The introduction of intermediary service organization construction needs to be enhanced and that the further improvement of patent polity is of great importance in the promotion of patent implementation.

24 Li ying Wang Doctor/Professor Market Economic System Patent Implementation is impacted by four important factors. Awareness of Patent F1F2 F4F3 RESULTS Pulling Factor of Impacting Patent Implementation Driving Factor of Impacting Patent Implementation

25 Li ying Wang Doctor/Professor RESULTS It is shown that 83% of the 863 patentees consider patent implementation as an important driving force of business development; 92% agree that patent implementation will enhance the enterprise visibility; 96% agree that patent implementation will improve market competitiveness; 82% agree that patent implementation contributes to making benefits; 78% agree that the application of as many patents as possible is one of the development strategies; 84% agree that the enterprises should have a clear patent strategy; 82% disagree with the depreciation of patent implementation. The survey shows that the application of patent is not only for the protection of patent results, but for the benefits produced by patent implementation as well.

26 Li ying Wang Doctor/Professor RESULTS The survey about the promotion measures of patent implementation showed that the patent implementation is mainly promoted by designated person or special department through incentives for relevant personnel. The use of patent to take up the market and for technical reserves shows the constantly reinforced business awareness in patent application and utilization.

27 Li ying Wang Doctor/Professor Market Economic System Patent Implementation is impacted by four important factors. Awareness of Patent Integrated Patent Utility Capability F1F2 F4F3 RESULTS Pulling Factor of Impacting Patent Implementation Driving Factor of Impacting Patent Implementation Key Factor of Impacting Patent Implementation

28 Li ying Wang Doctor/Professor RESULTS Table2 Fashion and Situation of Enterprise Patent Implementation 88.99% of the 1889 patents are self-implemented. In 2.92% granted patents and transferred patents, only 1.06% are involved in transfer the granted and transferred enterprises are mainly registered enterprises within territory Therefore, enterprises should promote collaborative development of patent strategy, enterprise technology innovation strategy and management strategy, strengthening patent technology trade, making comprehensive use of various means to manage and protect patented.

29 Li ying Wang Doctor/Professor Market Economic System Patent Implementation is impacted by four important factors. Awareness of Patent R&D Capability Integrated Patent Utility Capability F1F2 F4F3 RESULTS Pulling Factor of Impacting Patent Implementation Driving Factor of Impacting Patent Implementation Key Factor of Impacting Patent Implementation Ultimate Factor of Impacting Patent Implementation

30 Li ying Wang Doctor/Professor RESULTS Table3 R&D Capability and Situation of Enterprise Patent Implementation the enterprises with more than 10% R & D investment are the least in amount and the least number of patents, while the average number of implemented patents is 2.42,, ranking the highest, Showing that the increase of R & D investment will result in the increase of patent quantity and the enhancement of patent quality.

31 Li ying Wang Doctor/Professor RESULTS Table3 R&D Capability and Situation of Enterprise Patent Implementation Meanwhile, from the self- implemented patents point of view, the enterprises with more than 10% R & D investment rates is slightly lower in self- implemented rates than the others, but their implemented rates rank the highest which illustrates that the patent implementation methods in these enterprises are richer and that the transfer and grant implementation rates are higher. Thus, the enhancement of R & D investment will improve patent quality, providing sound basis for patent technical trading.

32 Li ying Wang Doctor/Professor RESULTS Table3 R&D Capability and Situation of Enterprise Patent Implementation 53.30% enterprises are with an R & D investment rates below 5%, including only 20.65% invention patents While in enterprises with more than 10% proportion of R & D investment funds in sales, 40.70% of the patents are design patents Private Enterprises, need to speed up technological progress and structural upgrades, to increase R & D investment and to promote the output and implementation of invention patents.

33 Li ying Wang Doctor/Professor RESULTS Table4 Comparative data to distinguish the R&D time and R&D costs of three types of enterprise granted patents 55.42% of the patents are with an R & D time below one year patents R & D processes are in short and medium terms. R & D efficiency has been improved in general, but too short patent invention time may lead to the questioning of patent quality.

34 Li ying Wang Doctor/Professor RESULTS Table4 Comparative data to distinguish the R&D time and R&D costs of three types of enterprise granted patents 79.45% of the patents are with an R & D costs below one million yuan, 44.91% of the invention patents costs are between 100,000 yuan to 1 million yuan, 44.60% of utility patents and 56.26% of design patents are below 100,000yuan The results show that the R & D investment costs of most surveyed enterprises are below one million yuan, that the invention patents R & D costs are slightly higher than the costs of utility patents and design patents, and that the overall amount of investment input is not large.

35 Li ying Wang Doctor/Professor RESULTS Table5 Comparative data to distinguish the R&D Methods and Innovation types of three types of enterprise granted patents originally innovative patents only take up a proportion of 28.32%, The invention patents qualities of the surveyed enterprises dominated by small and medium private enterprises need to be improved, Should continuous enhancement of independent innovation capability.

36 Li ying Wang Doctor/Professor RESULTS Table5 Comparative data to distinguish the R&D Methods and Innovation types of three types of enterprise granted patents 83.32% of the enterprises patents are self-developed and are in lack of positive cooperation with institutions, research colleges and foreign institutions. Therefore, the strengthening of research and production cooperation will promote innovation capability,

37 Li ying Wang Doctor/Professor Content RESULTS 4 RELATED STUDIES OF PATENT IMPLEMENTATION 2 METHOD 3 5 DISCUSSION INTRODUCTION 1

38 Li ying Wang Doctor/Professor DISCUSSION The enhancement of patent policy guidance and the creation of a favorable market environment for patent implementation are crucial in the jobs of relevant government departments. The facilitating of the construction of trading platform are transferred and the strengthening of the capability in comprehensive use of patents have become a major part in the promotion of patent implementation. The strengthening of strategy operation and planning on intellectual property rights should be the focus of business management. Enhancing independent innovation capability is the basis for the implementation of enterprise patents. Market Economic System Awareness of Patent Integrated Patent Utility Capability R&D Capability

39 Li ying Wang Doctor/Professor DISCUSSION The four conclusions summarize that the strengthening of patent implementation is a systematic project with close integration of technology innovation, market innovation and management. The resulting revelations are of greater significance for SMEs and private enterprises. Further relevant empirical research supports are required for the analysis of the patents implementation of enterprises in other types.

40 Li ying Wang Doctor/Professor Thank you for your attention! The End China JiLiang University


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