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27-28 June 2011 in Hangzhou, China Choi, Donggeun Chief Manager, International Standards Team, KSA Secretariat, ICES 1 Research Profiling.

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Presentation on theme: "27-28 June 2011 in Hangzhou, China Choi, Donggeun Chief Manager, International Standards Team, KSA Secretariat, ICES 1 Research Profiling."— Presentation transcript:

1 27-28 June 2011 in Hangzhou, China Choi, Donggeun Chief Manager, International Standards Team, KSA Secretariat, ICES 1 Research Profiling of 'Standards and Innovation', Is it Diverging or Conveging? (2011 ICES Workshop )

2 CV: Donggeun Choi Dong-Geun Choi is Chief Manager at Korean Standards Association (KSA). With eleven years of experience in KSA, Dong-Geun s research has focused on standardization and innovation, standardization and IPR, and standards education. Dong-Geun initiated and managed several international projects of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC). Dong-Geun has served as project proponent/editor for APSC SCSC Education Initiatives in , and also served as Secretariat of International Cooperation of Education about Standardization (ICES) in In these international projects, Dong-Geun authored/edited several policy reports and guidelines: the first joint project between APEC-ISO joint project published as ISO TR 28682:2008, and the APEC SCSC Education Guidelines Series including the textbook about standardization for higher education, Standardization: Fundamentals, Impact, and Business Strategy. Dong-Geun received a Bachelors degree in transport engineering from Hanyang University, and Masters degree in transportation management from Seoul National University. He is now a PhD candidate in Technology Innovation and Management at Sungkyunkwan University. Dong-Geun is a Program Committee Member for 2011 ITU-T Kaleidoscope Conference and 2011 IEEE International Conference on Standardisation and Innovation in Information Technology (SIIT). Donggeun academic publications have appeared in such journals as Scientometrics (SSCI), International Journal of Technology and Design Education(SCI-E), International Journals on IT Standards and Standardization Research(Scopus SSCI), and ISO Focus.

3 Summary This presentation includes two sections about standardization and innovation research. Section I includes the review of authors recently published paper Research profiling for standardization and innovation (Choi, Lee & Sung, 2001; Scientometrics 88(1), page ). This paper demonstrates that the standardization and innovation research has continuously grown from publication of 13 papers in 1995 to 68 papers in 2008; the majority of these papers have been published in the six subject group domains of management, economics, environment, chemistry, computer science, and tele- communications. Technology innovation management specialty journals are the most central sources favorable for these themes. We also present an exploratory taxonomy that offers nine topical clusters to demonstrate the contextual structures of standardization and innovation. Section II raises a question to standardization community if the studies on standardization and innovation are diverging or converging. Although standardization and Innovation research is clearly emerging, it is not certain if it is converging as an academic discipline. 3

4 Contents Reviewing Research Profiling for Standardization and Innovation Which topics have been studied in standards and innovation? Section I Rethinking about the DIVERSITY of Standards and Innovation Is it converging or diverging topics Section II 4

5 This section I includes summary of authors published paper: Research profiling of Standardization and Innovation Choi, Lee & Sung, 2011; Scientometrics 88(1), page ) available at ) I. Review of Research Profiling of Standardization and Innovation 5

6 6 Standardisation is a key factor in support of a number of government policies, including competitiveness, innovation, science and technology. Its importance is growing with the globalisation, the convergence of technologies and a growing knowledge economy. The UK Government Public Policy Interest in Standardisation (2009) – DIUS (Department for Innovation, Universities and Skills)

7 1-1. Background - What is the relationship of SI-R? - What strategy/policy should we develop? 7 Public Policy Business Strategy Understanding Interrelationship Standardization Innovation **SI-R: Standardization and Innovation Research

8 1-2. Results – Subject Domains - Variety of 135 Domains: Management.. 8

9 1-3. Results – Subject Domain Groupings - Major Groups Subject Group # of Subjects # of Papers Subjects Grouped Management 7 Subjects 129 Papers Management; Planning & Development; Business; IE; OR/MS; Eng, Multi; Eng, Industrial; Eng, Manufacturing Environment 7 Subjects 79 Papers Env Sci; Env Stu; Eng, Env; Pub/Env/Occ; health; Energy & Fuels; Water Resources; Ecology; Economics 2 Subjects 54 Papers Economics; Agricultural Economics CS/IS 8 Subjects 61 Papers CS, Information Systems; CS, Theory & Methods; CS, Software Engineering; CS, Hardware & Architecture; CS, Interdisciplinary Applications; CS, Cybernetics; CS, Artificial Intelligence; Information Science & Library Science Chemistry 9 Subjects 37 Papers Chemistry, Analytical ; Chemistry, Applied; Chemistry, Multidiscipli nary; Chemistry, Physical ; Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear; Electro chemistry; Biochemical Research Methods; Biochemistry & Molecu lar Biology; Engineering, Chemical EE/ Telecom 3 Subjects 47 Papers Engineering, Electrical & Electronic; Telecommunications; Commu nication Civil/ Transport 4 Subjects 31 Papers Eng, Civil; Construction and Building; Transport Sci and Technology Law/PA/PS Socio. 4 Subjects 31 Papers Law; Sociology; Public Administration; Political Science 9

10 1-4. Results – Subject Domain Groupings - CAGR in Year Block AGR AGR AGR CAGR 1. Management Group1030.1%2215.6%3418.8%5721.3% 2.Environment Group826.0%167.7%2024.9%3919.2% 3.Economics Group11-3.1%109.1%1313.5%196.3% 4.Computer/Info Group103.2% %853.6%2912.6% 5.Chemmistry Group235.7%526.0%1021.6%1827.7% 6.Telecom/EE Group440.1%1113.3%16-6.7%1314.0% Six Group Total (354)4518.6%7510.4% % % Total (532)7012.2%9910.3% % %

11 1-5. Results – Subject Domain Groupings - CAGR in Telecom/EE group grew 40.1% from to The expansion of mobile communication (Bekkers, Verspagen, & Smits, 2002; Bourreau & Dogan, 2001; Kano, 2000) Chemistry group grew 26.0% from to Increased interest in biochemistry (M'Barek et al., 2003; Ranalli, Gomes, Delcurat olo, Contento, & Lucera, 2003; Vallance, 2005; Veglio, Esposito, & Reverberi, 200 3). CS/IS group grew 53.6% from to , Diverse factors including consortia standards, open standards in the period (Lee & Percivall, 2008; Lim, 2008; Markus, Steinfield, Wigand, & Minton, 2006). Distilled exemplary researches of each group domain Table 4. 11

12 1-6. Results – Journals - published more than 5 papers Source Title Subject Group Record Count Research policy (RP)1.Mgt *MOT13 International journal of technology management (IJTM)1.Mgt *MOT7 Energy policy (EP)1.Mgt, 2.Env, 3.Eco6 Journal of environmental economics and management (JEEM)1.Mgt6 Journal of product innovation management (JPIM)1.Mgt *MOT6 Lecture notes in computer science (LNCS)4.CS/IS6 Technovation (TECH)1.Mgt *MOT6 IEEE transactions on engineering management (ITEM)1.Mgt *MOT5 Technological forecasting and social change (TFSC)1.Mgt *MOT5 Technology analysis & strategic management (TASM)1.Mgt *MOT5 Telecommunications policy (TP)4.CS/IS, 6.TEL/EE5 Water Science and Technology (WST)2.Env5 Transportation research record (TRR)Others5 12

13 Results – Exploratory Taxonomy - 4 Groups – 9 Clusters - Factor Analysis & Clustering

14 1-8. Results – Exploratory Taxonomy - 4 Groups – 9 Clusters Level 1Level 2Descriptions A1 (166) Function/ Role CL1 (60) Inter-relationship of Standardization and Innovation Interrelationship between standardization and inno vation Standards implementation as innovation tool Policy perspective of technological standards and i nnovation CL2 (26) Tech-&Knowledge- D iffusion/Transfer Standards adoption and innovation diffusion (Mode l, Factor, Network) Standards and knowledge transfer CL3 (54) Regulation/Integration Standardization as an integration tool; Regulatory s tandards and innovation on technology-based industry CL4 (26) IPR/Patent/Law Standards and IPR in competitive market Patent, standards, and legal issues 14

15 1-8. Results – Exploratory Taxonomy - 4 Groups – 9 Clusters Level 1Level 2Descriptions A2 (181) Impact /Strategy CL5 (88) Impact & Comp etitive Strategy Impact of technology standards in market competition; Standards, and structure and modeling; Standardization as business competition strategy CL6 (93) Business Perfor mance Business development, performance, standards; Standardization for innovation and technological perfor mance A3 (184) Sector -specific CL7 (86) Technology & P roduct Technology development, standards and innovation; Technology and product design, standards and innovati on CL8 (63) Qualit y & Management System Quality assurance and management system standards f or innovation; Environmental management systems standards CL9 (35) Service Role of standards in service innovation; Service, network and communication standards 15

16 1-10. Epilogue Standards are Diverse in its Definition or Scope Metrology, Industry Standards, Conformity Assessment Agriculture, Building, ICT Technology, Service, QMS, SR Innovation is Varying in its Definition or Scope Launch of new products or process Implementation of new solutions to technological, economical and social problems within an enterprise Rethinking about the nature of Standards & Innovation 16

17 II. Unsolicited Rethinking about Standards as Knowledge Asset 17

18 Standards, Perceived Images are Different What ARE standards? What are IN standards? What are standards FOR? What are IMPACT of standards? WHO and HOW should develop and implement standards? HOW should we look at and strategically utilize standards? 18

19 Diversity of Standards - measurement, tech & non-tech. 19

20 Diversity of Innovation in different fields (Gamber 2008) The term innovation has been examined by representatives of various fields of study, a number of varying definitions exist in literature. In economics, innovation refers to the technological, social and economic changes. In the field of political economics, innovation is referred to as a first commercial use of improvements, or in other words, the launch of a new product or process onto the market (acc. to [HOTZ-HART, 2001]). From a business management point of view, innovation is the implementation of new solutions to technological, economical and social problems within an enterprise. In this case, innovation is aimed at finding new ways of fulfilling enterprise goals (cf for example [PLESCHAK & SABISCH, 1996]). 20

21 Standards and Innovation Research - Converging or Diverging? Are the studies on standardization and innovation are converging or diverging? Although standardization and Innovation research is clearly emerging, it is not certain if it is converging as an academic discipline. 21

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