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Drawing the Line: How Architects Can Improve School Safety & Security Allen Lawrence, RCDD/NTS CEFPI Southern Region Conference April 16, 2011.

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Presentation on theme: "Drawing the Line: How Architects Can Improve School Safety & Security Allen Lawrence, RCDD/NTS CEFPI Southern Region Conference April 16, 2011."— Presentation transcript:

1 Drawing the Line: How Architects Can Improve School Safety & Security Allen Lawrence, RCDD/NTS CEFPI Southern Region Conference April 16, 2011

2 Agenda Why are we here today Communicating with the architect Architects and Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED) Closing Thoughts

3 Why are we here today?

4 Because none of us are perfect Increase our awareness of the relationship between building design & safety/security Improve our collaboration between the owner, the architect (and law enforcement) Develop the question everything attitude Maintain the balance

5 Communicating with the architect What are your priorities as a District for school safety during the design phase? What are theirs? Use of Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED)

6 Architects and CPTED Natural Surveillance: oConsists of increasing visibility within and around a facility by encouraging its legitimate occupants and observers to increase their observation, detection and reporting of trespassers and misconduct. Dr. Randy Atlas, 21 st Century CPTED

7 Architects and CPTED Natural Access Control: oIntended to deny access to crime targets and to create a perception of risk to offenders. Dr. Randy Atlas, 21 st Century CPTED

8 Architects and CPTED Territorial Reinforcement: o…is about establishing a sense of ownership by building owners and occupants to increase vigilance in identifying trespassers and sending the message that a would-be-offender will be identified and challenged. Dr. Randy Atlas, 21st Century CPTED

9 Architects and CPTED oNatural Surveillance oWindows for staff observation oGlazing, tinting, ballistics oProtection from smash and grab oObservation of entrance and parking areas

10 Architects and CPTED oNatural Surveillance oInterior Surveillance – Direct Line of Sight (LOS) oHallways oReduce Blind Corners – Mirrors oStairwells – Align with hallway traffic flow

11 Architects and CPTED oNatural Surveillance Barriers oWindows in the sun oVegetation oStructural columns oRecessed classroom door entrances oHiding areas and blind corners oVestibules with hidden doors oOther buildings

12 Architects and CPTED Vegetation will one day inhibit surveillance

13 Architects and CPTED Surveillance and safety challenges

14 Architects and CPTED Natural Surveillance – columns

15 Architects and CPTED Natural Surveillance – blind corner

16 Architects and CPTED Natural Surveillance - columns

17 What Natural Surveillance? Architects and CPTED

18 Vegetation and Natural Surveillance Architects and CPTED

19 Natural surveillance and solid walls Architects and CPTED

20 oNatural Access Control oFencing serves multiple purposes oDirects the visitors, oSeparates wildlife from students oDefines the transition from school to public property oAvoid the use of solid walls oSidewalks – how far do you go?

21 Architects and CPTED oNatural Access Control oDriveways and traffic calming oReinforced planters, barriers, bollards oProper vegetation oExterior doors

22 Architects and CPTED oNatural Access Control oControlled Vestibules oMaintain direct surveillance oTransaction window & acoustics oBathroom Entrances – S entrance oClassroom Doors – locking from the inside and windows near the handles

23 Architects and CPTED oNatural Access Control oLay in ceilings in restrooms as a hiding place for drugs and weapons oHow many ways can we get to the roof oAthletic Events oHow do we separate fans during and following the activity?

24 Architects and CPTED Natural Access Control - Roof Access

25 Natural Access Control - Climbing Architects and CPTED

26 Controlled Vestibules RECEPTION VESTIBULE

27 Controlled Vestibules

28 Architects and CPTED Natural Access Control

29 Architects and CPTED Natural Access Control and Surveillance

30 Natural Access Control - Sidewalk Architects and CPTED

31 Natural Access Control - Driveways Architects and CPTED

32 Natural Access Control - Driveways Architects and CPTED

33 Natural Access Control - Driveways Architects and CPTED

34 Natural Access Control - Driveways Architects and CPTED

35 Natural Access Control - Driveways Architects and CPTED

36 Natural Access Control - Driveways Architects and CPTED

37 Natural Access Control - Driveways Architects and CPTED

38 Natural Access Control - Safety Architects and CPTED

39 Natural Access Control - Safety Architects and CPTED

40 Natural Surveillance and Access Control Architects and CPTED

41 Natural Surveillance and Access Control Architects and CPTED

42 Natural Access Control Architects and CPTED

43 Natural Access Control Architects and CPTED

44 oTerritorial Reinforcement oPassive Barriers oNatural Landscaping oElevation changes oFencing oClear and Concise Signage oMaintain it

45 Territoriality Fencing Architects and CPTED

46 Clear and Concise Signage Architects and CPTED

47 Territoriality must be maintained Architects and CPTED

48 Some additional things to consider: oDesignating shelter in place areas into the architecture. oWeather use - hallways for shelter, no gyms or cafeterias – glass, high walls. oDesignate visitor parking in clear view of the front office. oOffice location – Schneider Scale oTarget hardening practices

49 Architects and CPTED Some additional things to consider: oCATE – banks and child care oAvoid computer labs on exterior walls oFirst responder radio interference oWhere is the custodian office in relationship to the exterior doors/dumpsters? (for planning access control) oHow many ways can the nurse get out of the clinic?

50 Closing Thoughts oIt starts with the right team - Architect, School District Administration, Structural, Civil, Law Enforcement oCity officials – local codes (landscaping) oInclude post occupancy evaluations focused on CPTED, Safety, Security during the one year warranty check

51 Closing Thoughts oMandatory rough-in for security at all exterior doors oThink outside the box - motions above restrooms? oBalance – it is a school not a fortress oRemember – question everything

52 The Happy Slide The Happy Slide Allen Lawrence, RCDD/NTS Ph: CONGRATULATIONS! YOU SURVIVED THIS PRESENTATION…


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