Presentation on theme: "The DESSA Comprehensive System: A New Tool to Assess Social-Emotional Strengths & Resilience Discuss Devereux, ICTR. Discuss our history doing pathology-based."— Presentation transcript:
6What is Resilience?Resilience means the personal and community qualities that enable us to rebound from adversity, trauma, tragedy, threats, or other stresses - and to go on with life with a sense of mastery, competence, and hope.New Freedom Commission, 2003
18NASP’s Integrated and Comprehensive School Psychological Services Model (SPR, 2010, 39, (2), )Identifies 10 domains that, “provide a general framework of basic competencies”“effective strategies and skills ..to help (all) students success academically, socially, behaviorally and emotionally.”“All school psychologists are expected to possess at least a basic level of competency in all of the 10 domains”
19Data-Based Decision Making and Accountability NASP’s Integrated and Comprehensive School Psychological Services Model (cont)Data-Based Decision Making and Accountability“School psychologists have knowledge of varied models and methods of assessment and data collection methods for identifying strengths and needs..”School psychologists use valid and reliable assessment techniques”
20NASP’s Integrated and Comprehensive School Psychological Services Model (cont) Interventions and Mental Health Services to Develop Social and Life Skills“School psychologists have knowledge of…evidence-based strategies to promote social-emotional functioning and mental health”“Use assessment and data-collection methods.. that support socialization, learning and mental health.”
21Preventive and Responsive Services NASP’s Integrated and Comprehensive School Psychological Services Model (cont)Preventive and Responsive Services“School psychologists have knowledge of principles and research related to resilience and risk factors in learning and mental health..”“School psychologists promote recognition of risk and protective factors”“School psychologists promote wellness and resilience”
22MEB Disorders 20 – 25% of school-aged children Number is growing 247 Billion dollars per yearHardship for students, parents and schools
23What if we could quickly, efficiently and accurately identify those children at risk of developing MEB disorders and intervene before they begin to exhibit the problem behaviors?
28Prevention and the School Psychologist There is a movement in School Psychology toward prevention of academic failureIn order to prevent academic problems universal screening is indicatedIn the past, tests of achievement were givenToday, some have proposed using short one minute reading fluency tests, for example, as a way to identify children who are having trouble reading
29Prevention and the School Psychologist Similarly, is a movement in School Psychology toward prevention of mental health problems …Universal screening is one way to prevent academic problemsPreventing mental health problems requires screening for those factors that help protect children from developing mental health issuesThis is an important role for school psychologists
30Prevention and the School Psychologist NASP’s mission is “to … enhance the mental health and educational competence of all children.”Ensuring the mental health of students is a key role of school psychologyHow can school psychologists assess potential mental health problems?
31Prevention and the School Psychologist School psychologists may…evaluate mental health status of children when they are referred for an evaluationBy the time children with behavioral and emotional problems become noticed by the school psychologist the emotional issues the drive the problem behaviors may be firmly entrancedMental health problems need to detected as early as possible
32Mental Health Screening According to the US Department of Health and Human Services (1999) about 20% of school aged children have behavioral, social-emotional, and mental health disordersUniversal screening to identify children at risk of developing mental health problems is needed
33Mental Health Screening School personnel can conduct universal screening to help identify these children at risk of mental health problemsScreening results should help assess the level of resilience for each teacher’s classScreening tests results could be used to determine if interventions that teach protective factors should be appliedUniversal screening should be brief to complete and have evidence of reliability and predictive validity
34Mental Health Screening One way to screen for potential mental health problems is to evaluate children’s protective factorsProtective factors are those variables that lead to resilient outcomes (e.g., good mental health)Protective factors lead to more positive behavioral and psychological outcomes as well as improved academic performanceProtective factors help children be resilient
35Mental Health Screening Protective factors can be measured with the DESSA miniThis is an 8-item rating inventory for school-aged childrenIt is a very brief, but effective, toolSeveral 8-item versions are in developmentThe scale can be completed in less than one minuteThe scale is effective
36DESSA – mini (Naglieri, LeBuffe & Shapiro, 2010) A brief measure of social-emotional competencies comprised of four separate forms that can be used for universal screening and ongoing progress monitoring
49DESSA-mini ResearchManuscript to appear in Psychology in the Schools (2011)We studied the percentage of agreements between mini and full DESSA
50DESSA-mini Research Overall category agreement is excellent Table 5. DESSA and Each DESSA-mini Means, SDs, and ns for Grades K - 8.Dessa-MiniNn of Agreements% AgreementsMini 11,2221,17196.5%Mini 21,17396.2%Mini 31,16094.8%Mini 41,16795.9%Overall category agreement is excellent
51False negatives have scores <40 on mini but >40 on Total True Positives have scores >40 on the miniand >40 on the TotalTrue Negatives have scores <40 on Total and miniFalse Positives have scores >40 on mini but <40 on Total
52DESSA-mini Psychometrics These children have a score of 32Use ongoing progress monitoringHow do we describe changes over time?
62ConclusionsUniversal screening of factors that predict resilience can be efficiently conductedSchool psychologists should take on this important mental health screening roleOnce evaluated, teachers and school psychologists should work together to deliver a curriculum that improves protective factors and maximize resilience
86DCRC Approach to Intervention Strengths, Goals and StrategiesStep 1 – identify goal(s) of most concern to stakeholdersStep 2 – identify relevant strengths that can be leveragedStep 3 – identify strategyCritical – communicate by beginning with strengths!
100Ways the DESSA adds Value Assess competencies related to academic achievementSupport implementation of SEL and similar programsMore specific implementationOutcome determinationMeet requirements to do meaningful strength-based assessment
101Can Change Teacher Perceptions I have one student who has a lot of trouble being bossy …and I am frustrated with her a lot. But the DESSA showed me all the areas she is strong in, and gave me some ideas for channeling some of her difficult behaviors to utilize her strengths.Being that my students are in a self-contained special ed. Classroom,... I was surprised that several of my students are "typical" in more areas than I would have thought. This allowed me to write strength statements and share good news with the parents.One of my students is very compassionate. He has very strong S.A. skills. Cool.Direct quotes from teachers in Anchorage, Alaska SDThese are direct quotes from teachers in Anchorage AK who were involved in a year-long research and demonstration project that involved using a standardized measure of social-emotional competencies (DESSA) to guide and evaluate SEL.
102Can Change the Student’s Perception I had a couple kids who don't say nice things about themselves. However, they are wonderful in all other areas. I made a point of letting both of these children know how great I think they are. They both were very happy with that.Direct quote from teacher in Anchorage, Alaska SD
103Can Contribute to Teacher Satisfaction I really liked this experience. It was not too laborious and had very worthwhile results. I would tell everyone to make the time and do this.Using an assessment tells teachers it's time to start paying close attention to the social skills. It helps teachers’ awareness but it also gives teachers a way to address these behaviors that is proactive! Many times we're only reacting to students (often negatively or with much frustration) but we aren't doing enough to help them.I liked how it made me see my students, and it really took my teaching with SEL in a new directionDirect quotes from teachers in Anchorage, Alaska SD
104Essential to Prevention Chemung County NY406 preschool childrenPre-Post design with no interventionResultsN = 406% PreBC Concern%PostBC ConcernStrength on Pretest Total Protective Factors(n = 76)0%Typical on Pretest Total Protective Factors(n = 275)14%13%Concern on Pretest Total Protective Factors(n = 55)51%70%
109Definition of Strength-based Assessment The measurement of emotional and behavioral skills and characteristics thatcreate a sense of accomplishmentcontribute to satisfying relationships with othersimprove one’s ability to cope with stresspromote social and academic developmentEpstein & Sharma (1998)
110What Strength-based Assessment is Not Simply asking “What are your strengths?”Writing a 5-page report with one sentence describing interests or hobbiesInformal, impressionistic approaches, such as examination of refrigerator doorsIgnoring or minimizing problems or pathology