Presentation on theme: "21-07-0xxx-00-00001 IEEE 802.21 MEDIA INDEPENDENT HANDOVER DCN: 21-07-0xxx-00-0000 Title: Proposal for adding a key hierarchy based approach in the security."— Presentation transcript:
xxx IEEE MEDIA INDEPENDENT HANDOVER DCN: xxx Title: Proposal for adding a key hierarchy based approach in the security requirement document Date Submitted: November 4, 2007 Presented at IEEE session #23 in Atlanta Authors or Source(s): Lily Chen, Katrin Hoeper, Antonio Izquierdo, Nada Golmie Abstract: This presentation is to propose a key hierarchy-based approach for optimizing the security signaling in media independent handovers. Companion text for the SSG requirements document is included in doc)
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xxx Abstract Applicable scenarios Why take a key hierarchy based approach How to use HOKEY key hierarchy for re-authentication Example message flow
xxx Applicable scenario Intra-tech Intra-domain* Inter-domain Inter-tech EAP to EAP Inter-tech EAP to non-EAP As defined in the tech specific key hierarchy, like r or 3GPP Hokey key hierarchy based (in this contribution) May need to establish mapping between different key hierarchies (For future study) * It includes inter-domain with agreements The is the scenario discussed in this proposal Pre-authentication as proposed in contributions (#390, #403, etc.)
xxx Applicable scenarios – Intra-domain and Inter-tech MN SA TA Authentication Server – for the domain EAP
xxx Assumptions and Clarifications Assumptions: A full EAP authentication has been conducted with an authentication server. A key hierarchy has been established based on HOKEY key hierarchy. Re-authentication Use established key in the key hierarchy; Shorter message exchanges; Can be conducted either proactively or reactively; Proactively –before a signal loss. Reactively –after a signal loss. With multiple or single candidate authenticators; Can be direct or indirect Can be done over a pre-authentication transport Work to be done in Security SG Provide network information, e.g. location of candidate authenticators Same work is required for pre-authentication. Indication of re-authentication capability support in 21 signaling.
xxx Why take a key hierarchy based approach? Using the HOKEY key hierarchy and re-authentication optimize the security signallings of handover (See presentation xxx ). The advantages include Reduce the authentication latency. Execute as needed with potentially an target authenticator instead of multiple authenticators. Save the computation costs and power consumption. Independent to EAP-method chosen. EAP has been adopted as an access authentication and also key establishment protocol by commonly implemented wireless technologies, e.g and IETF HOKEY group has developed key hierarchy for handover (see and the status of the key hierarchy is stable. Are there any reasons for excluding such an approach?
xxx Use Hokey key hierarchy for Re-authentication Assume re-authentication root key (rRK) is derived from EMSK*. The integrity key (rIK) is used for integrity protection in re- authentication exchange (and also for implicit authentication). Re-authentication MSK (rMSK) is delivered to target authenticator and used as new MSK upon successful re-authentication rRK-1rRK-2 rMSK-2rMSK-1 EMSK rIK-1rIK-2 *It may be derived from DSRK (domain specific root key).
xxx Re-authentication triggers rMSK delivery Peer Target Authenticator EAP ReAuth Server (ERS) rRK-1 rMSK-1 Re-Authentication (use rIK-1) rMSK-1 Peer - new location rIK-1 For intra-authenticator handover, it will follow the intra-technology scenario.
xxx Example message flow MNTAERS* [EAP Request/Identity] [EAP Initiate/Reauth-start] EAP Initiate/Reauth-start rMSK EAP Finish/Reauth EAP Finish/Reauth *ERS could be a local authentication server, which holds DS-rRK.
xxx Summary Key hierarchy based approach is applicable to inter-technology (EAP -> EAP) and intra-domain handovers. Re-authentication can be conducted with either the EAP server or a local server which has obtained a rRK. Re-authentication optimizes security signaling during handovers. Re-authentication can be conducted with the target authenticator, instead of multiple candidate authenticators, so that it reduces time and power consumption for handover.