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21-07-0256-00-0000 IEEE 802.21 MEDIA INDEPENDENT HANDOVER DCN: 21-07-0256-00-0000 Title: Handover between 3GPP and non-3GPP networks Date Submitted: July 16, 2007 Presented at IEEE 802.21 session in San Francisco, CA, USA Authors or Source(s): Juan Carlos Zuniga, Ulises Olvera-Hernandez Abstract: This contribution provides an overview of current 3GPP HO approaches compared to the 802.21 specification.
21-07-0256-00-0000 IEEE 802.21 presentation release statements This document has been prepared to assist the IEEE 802.21 Working Group. It is offered as a basis for discussion and is not binding on the contributing individual(s) or organization(s). The material in this document is subject to change in form and content after further study. The contributor(s) reserve(s) the right to add, amend or withdraw material contained herein. The contributor grants a free, irrevocable license to the IEEE to incorporate material contained in this contribution, and any modifications thereof, in the creation of an IEEE Standards publication; to copyright in the IEEEs name any IEEE Standards publication even though it may include portions of this contribution; and at the IEEEs sole discretion to permit others to reproduce in whole or in part the resulting IEEE Standards publication. The contributor also acknowledges and accepts that this contribution may be made public by IEEE 802.21. The contributor is familiar with IEEE patent policy, as outlined in Section 6.3 of the IEEE-SA Standards Board Operations Manual and in Understanding Patent Issues During IEEE Standards Development http://standards.ieee.org/board/pat/guide.html> Section 6.3 of the IEEE-SA Standards Board Operations Manualhttp://standards.ieee.org/guides/opman/sect6.html#6.3 http://standards.ieee.org/board/pat/guide.html
21-07-0256-00-0000 Outline Background Some proposed HO solutions in 3GPP SA2 3GPP Accepted solutions Suggested 802.21 way forward
21-07-0256-00-0000 Background (1/2) 802.21 is a specification meant to provide HO hooks at L2 and below in order to assist HO (e.g. for L3 and above) 802.21 can be used to enhance several handover schemes E.g. WiMAX, WiFi, 3GPP GAN, 3GPP IMS, 3GPP VCC Other 802.21 is only mentioned as a handover option in 802.11u 802.16g No other standard makes specific reference to 802.21 for assisting handovers
21-07-0256-00-0000 Background (2/2) 3GPP has started several activities to study the different approaches that should be taken to perform handover between 3GPP and non-3GPP networks RAN2 workshop SA2 session During the last 3GPP meeting in Orlando, 3GPP (SA2 and RAN2) decided to take two different and specific approaches: Handover between 3GPP and cdma2000 networks Handover between 3GPP and WiMAX networks
21-07-0256-00-0000 Some HO solutions presented in 3GPP (1/5) Doc S2-072450, S2-072451, and S2-072452 (Motorola) Pre-registration before HO decision through Forward Attachment Function Handover assistance by sending context before HO decision
21-07-0256-00-0000 Some HO solutions presented in 3GPP (2/5) Doc S2-072324 (Samsung) Handover preparation through IWF Handover assistance by exchanging HO information between source and target networks through Inter-working Function
21-07-0256-00-0000 Some HO solutions presented in 3GPP (3/5) Doc S2-072923 (InterDigital) MIH for non-3GPP HO support Handover assistance by sending context before HO decision
21-07-0256-00-0000 Some HO solutions presented in 3GPP (4/5) Doc S2-072431 and S2-072613 (Qualcomm) UE-MME NAS interface S23 and tunnel to target system Handover assistance by sending context before HO decision
21-07-0256-00-0000 Some HO solutions presented in 3GPP (5/5) Other companies presented different HO solutions, such as S2-072696 HO from trusted non-3GPP access to UTRAN (Intel) S2-072654 Inter-RAT mobility to non-3GPP (IPWireless, Nextwave) SA2-07308 Principles for network discovery, selection, and traffic steering (Marvell, Ericsson, Qualcomm Europe, InterDigital, Nokia Siemens Networks, TARI, Telcordia, Intel ) Etc
21-07-0256-00-0000 3GPP Accepted Decisions 3GPP (SA2 and RAN2) decided to deal with non- 3GPP HOs by separating them into two different technologies (*): Handover between 3GPP and cdma2000 networks Tunnel approach was accepted Handover between 3GPP and WiMAX networks Empty section Having two separate approaches in 3GPP for 3GPP2 and WiMAX does not mean that there will be two different solutions it just means that no approach is on the table for WiMAX (*) Proposed by docs S2-072977/S2-072658 Support for E-UTRAN to 3GPP2 HO (Verizon, Vodafone, Nortel, Ericsson)
21-07-0256-00-0000 Conclusions In order to be a successful specification, IEEE 802.21 has to become the best technical and commercial solution for HO between IEEE 802 technologies 802.21 needs to get acceptance by and strong support from 802.11, 802.16, 802.3, 802.20, etc. Having support from other 802 groups is first needed before 802.21 gets acceptance externally The fact that 3GPP has decided to take two separate approaches for two networks (i.e. 3GPP2 and WiMAX) does not help the 802.21 case
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