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Renaissance rebirth in interest in arts & learning rebirth in interest in arts & learning started in northern italy started in northern italy spread throughout.

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Presentation on theme: "Renaissance rebirth in interest in arts & learning rebirth in interest in arts & learning started in northern italy started in northern italy spread throughout."— Presentation transcript:

1 Renaissance rebirth in interest in arts & learning rebirth in interest in arts & learning started in northern italy started in northern italy spread throughout Europe spread throughout Europe relied on Greek and Roman architecture and ideas relied on Greek and Roman architecture and ideas Last Supper, Leonardo da Vinci

2 Renaissance Economics Profit-making became more important than Church doctrine Profit-making became more important than Church doctrine To overcome guilt, profit-makers indulged in philanthropy – support artists To overcome guilt, profit-makers indulged in philanthropy – support artists

3 Renaissance Politics Niccolo Machiavelli (1469-1527) Niccolo Machiavelli (1469-1527) -- wrote “The Prince” Argued that the goal of the prince must be power Argued that the goal of the prince must be power Fear is a better motivator than affection Fear is a better motivator than affection Do whatever it takes to gain and keep power Do whatever it takes to gain and keep power

4 Renaissance Art portraits painted during this time focused on the individual portraits painted during this time focused on the individual Growing humanism and secularism in a Christian context Growing humanism and secularism in a Christian context Rewards for good living will came in this life, don’t have to wait for heaven Rewards for good living will came in this life, don’t have to wait for heaven

5 Renaissance Art and Architecture Status of artist is elevated to cultural hero Status of artist is elevated to cultural hero Renaissance art stressed proportion, balance and harmony Renaissance art stressed proportion, balance and harmony many nudes many nudes

6 School of Athens - Rafael

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8 Renaissance Art and Architecture Leonardo Da Vinci (1452-1519) Leonardo Da Vinci (1452-1519) True Renaissance Man True Renaissance Man Scientist, inventor, engineer and naturalist Scientist, inventor, engineer and naturalist Dissected Corpses Dissected Corpses Short attention span Short attention span

9 Renaissance Art and Architecture (cont) Mona Lisa Mona Lisa Leonardo da Vinci Leonardo da Vinci

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13 Renaissance Art and Architecture Michelangelo Michelangelo Ceiling of the Sistine Chapel Ceiling of the Sistine Chapel

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15 -Example painting on the ceiling -religious scenes

16 Sistine Chapel

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18 David

19 Renaissance Education and Philosophy A true liberal education A true liberal education Humanist education for women Humanist education for women Love for the study of history most of all Love for the study of history most of all Petrarch (1304-1374): the Father of Italian Renaissance humanism Petrarch (1304-1374): the Father of Italian Renaissance humanism

20 warm up 12 – 8 - 10 match the time period with the event match the time period with the event Middle Ages Renaissance Ancient Rome Middle Ages Renaissance Ancient Rome Ancient Greece 1. Plague 2. Democracy 3. Fighting between Christians and Muslim Turks 4. Augustus and peace 5. Florence and painting 6.

21 The Office of the Pope during the Renaissance Pope lost influence over European nation- states Pope lost influence over European nation- states Decline in moral prestige and leadership of the Pope Decline in moral prestige and leadership of the Pope Popes became patrons of Renaissance art Popes became patrons of Renaissance art

22 Spread of Humanism to the Rest of Europe Gutenberg’s printing press Gutenberg’s printing press Explosion of printed materials Explosion of printed materials --By 1500, 40,000 titles printed and between 8-10 million copies The impact of movable- type printing presses: research and literacy increased The impact of movable- type printing presses: research and literacy increased

23 Spread of Humanism to the Rest of Europe William Shakespeare (1564-1616) William Shakespeare (1564-1616) --Globe Theater His history plays were the most popular at the time His history plays were the most popular at the time Macbeth: ambition Macbeth: ambition Hamlet: individualism Hamlet: individualism created many new words and phrases created many new words and phrases

24 Reformation Martin Luther Martin Luther -angry about the selling of indulgence$ -an indulgence was a way to pay $$ to be released from the punishment due to a sin -nailed his 95 theses to the church door -started Protestant Reformation -encouraged Catholics to reform their own church

25 Other splits from the Church John Calvin John Calvin -preached the idea of Predestination -God has already determined your fate -powerful movement in the US colonies

26 Other splits from the Church Henry VIII & the English Reformation Henry VIII & the English Reformation -British king -wanted a male heir to inherit the throne when he died -asked Pope for an annulment when his wife didn’t bear him a son so he could marry someone else -Pope said “NO” so Henry split from the church to make his own rules and get a divorce


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