Presentation on theme: "Smart Grid Requirements for IEEE M2M Network"— Presentation transcript:
1Smart Grid Requirements for IEEE 802.16 M2M Network IEEE Presentation Submission Template (Rev. 9)Document Number:IEEE C802.16ppc-10/0042r1Date Submitted:Source:Nageen Himayat, Shilpa Talwar, Kerstin JohnssonIntel CorporationVenue:San Diego, CA, USABase Contribution:NonePurpose:To serve as input for IEEE p system requirements document.Notice:This document does not represent the agreed views of the IEEE Working Group or any of its subgroups. It represents only the views of the participants listed in the “Source(s)” field above. It is offered as a basis for discussion. It is not binding on the contributor(s), who reserve(s) the right to add, amend or withdraw material contained herein.Release:The contributor grants a free, irrevocable license to the IEEE to incorporate material contained in this contribution, and any modifications thereof, in the creation of an IEEE Standards publication; to copyright in the IEEE’s name any IEEE Standards publication even though it may include portions of this contribution; and at the IEEE’s sole discretion to permit others to reproduce in whole or in part the resulting IEEE Standards publication. The contributor also acknowledges and accepts that this contribution may be made public by IEEEPatent Policy:The contributor is familiar with the IEEE-SA Patent Policy and Procedures:<http://standards.ieee.org/guides/bylaws/sect6-7.html#6> and <http://standards.ieee.org/guides/opman/sect6.html#6.3>.Further information is located at <http://standards.ieee.org/board/pat/pat-material.html> and <http://standards.ieee.org/board/pat >.
2Smart Grid Requirements for IEEE 802.16 M2M Network
3Agenda Relevant Smart Grid Interfaces for IEEE 802.16 Smart Grid Requirements (NIST/Open-SG)Relevant Requirements for the IEEE p PARSummary & Recommendations3
5Smart Grid Requirements Drafted by Open SG UCA International User group: Open SG Communications WGDrafting detailed flow of control and data information across all SG interfacesCharacterizing communication requirementsInput into NIST Priority Action Plan (PAP) 2 on “Wireless communications Smart Grid”SG Network requirements specification v4.0 .Several use cases consideredResidential & CommercialCustomer, Distribution, TransmissionElectrical, Gas etc.For IEEE p focus onSmart MeteringDistribution Automation
6Smart Grid Interfaces Applicable for 802.16p Smart Metering (Commercial and Residential)Home Area NetworkField Area NetworkSmart Meter to Data Aggregation Point (DAP)Wide Area NetworkSmart Meter to AMI Head-endDAP to AMI Head-endDistribution AutomationMonitor and control of distribution equipment
7Traffic Characteristics of Smart Grid Applications Large number of connected devices (e.g. 1K-15 K smart meters/sector )Stationary devicesDevices typically remain “connected” to the network for monitoring and controlTypical data flowsInterval (periodic) and/or multi-interval meter readings, requests, error reportingOn-demand meter readings: requests, responses, error reportingParameter, service updates and commands, acknowledgements, errorsEvent and alarm reportingPricing, payments, power charging rate (PHEV) informationConservative estimates for # of meters per sector.Assume Washington Dc example. ~ 1 SS/ 200 meter1 Km cell (assuming 3 meters per circular cell)15,700 meters/sector (with % penetration : 1.5K-15k)2 km cells~63K meters/sector w/ 100% pentration.
8Traffic Characteristics of Smart Grid Applications (2) Small burst transmissionHigher reliability, access priority and latency for Distribution Automation alarms and event reportingPeriodic “high-bandwidth” software upgradesPossible group transmission, for group-wide update of system parameters, software etc.Behavior during power outages: notify head-end and continue operationConservative estimates for # of meters per sector.Assume Washington Dc example. ~ 1 SS/ 200 meter1 Km cell (assuming 3 meters per circular cell)15,700 meters/sector (with % penetration : 1.5K-15k)2 km cells~63K meters/sector w/ 100% pentration.
9Example Smart Metering Transmission Requirements CategoryDescriptionFrequencyData Size (bytes)LatencyReliabilityCommentsPeriodic Communication (Uplink)Multi-interval meter readConsidered ResidentialElectricSmart Meter to DAP12-24 transactions/day, readings at15min-1 hour< 3 hours> 98% /3 hoursDAP to Head-end4-6 transactions/DAP/C-I meter/day< 10s99%Aggregate statistics must be calculatedPeriodic Communication(Downlink)Metering Interval setup,Considered residential, electricDAP to Smart Meter25 transactions/ 1K meters/day255s98%Head-end to DAP*source : Open SG requirements 
10Example Smart Metering Transmission Requirements CategoryDescriptionFrequencyData Size (bytes)LatencyReliabilityCommentsOn-Demand Communication (Uplink)On-demand meter reads,Payments configurationAggregate transactions must be modeled by a suitable arrival processSmart Meters to DAPSeveral transactions1005s> 98%DAP to Head-end50-100> 99%On-Demand Communication(Downlink)On demand meter requests,Pricing, configurationDAP to Smart MetersSeveral25-50>98%Head-end to DAP50-150Software UpgradesFew/yearK5 minutes~99%Different for meters/DAP*source : Open SG requirements 
11Transmission Requirements for Distribution Automation Requirements are possibly more stringent than Open-SG requirementsSignificantly higher reliabilityVery low-latency on alarm reporting and control commands (tens of milliseconds)Large number of frequent “real-time” transactionsSmall burst transmissionsMulticast signaling to support real-time signaling for mass number of devices
12Recommended Requirements for 802.16p Ensure network scalability for large number of devices and transactionsExploit intermittent, infrequent traffic and minimize operation in connected stateImprove random access and polling/paging mechanismsAddress extremely low latency for large number of devices (Distribution Automation).Exploit “stationary” devices to reduce signaling in the networkExploit group addressing and controlMay need to support new device monitoring and alarm functionsMechanisms to handle operation during power outages
13Summary & Recommendations Smart Grid is an important use case for M2M communicationsSmart grid requirements apply to targeted enhancements in the IEEE p PAR: a) extremely large number of devices b) small burst trafficPriority access w/ low latency and higher reliability should also be addressed for Distribution AutomationLow power transmissions my be required during power outagesAddress Smart Grid requirements as part of IEEE p system requirements document (SRD)