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McGraw-Hill-Ryerson ©2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, All Rights Reserved Opening Case: Amazon.com – Not Your Average Bookstore CHAPTER 3 The Internet and.

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Presentation on theme: "McGraw-Hill-Ryerson ©2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, All Rights Reserved Opening Case: Amazon.com – Not Your Average Bookstore CHAPTER 3 The Internet and."— Presentation transcript:

1 McGraw-Hill-Ryerson ©2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, All Rights Reserved Opening Case: Amazon.com – Not Your Average Bookstore CHAPTER 3 The Internet and E-Business

2 2-2 Copyright © 2011 McGraw-Hill Ryerson Limited 3-2 Chapter Three Overview SECTION BUSINESS AND THE INTERNET –Disruptive Technology –Evolution of the Internet –The Future – Web 3.0 –Accessing Internet Information –Providing Internet Information SECTION E-BUSINESS –E-Business Basics –E-Business Models –Organizational Strategies for E-Business –Measuring E-Business Success –E-Business Benefits and Challenges –New Trends in E-Business: E-Government and M-Commerce

3 2-3 Copyright © 2011 McGraw-Hill Ryerson Limited 3-3 LEARNING OUTCOMES 1.Understand how the Internet and the World Wide Web as technologies have evolved over the years and disrupted traditional ways of doing business. 2.Describe the different methods an organization can use to access Internet information and the different types of service providers that supply organizations with access to the Internet. 3.Compare the four types of e-business models.

4 2-4 Copyright © 2011 McGraw-Hill Ryerson Limited 3-4 LEARNING OUTCOMES 4.Describe how an organization’s various departments can use e-business to increase revenues or reduce costs, and how organizations can measure e-business success. 5.Describe the benefits and challenges of e-business, and the new trends happening in e-business today.

5 McGraw-Hill-Ryerson ©2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, All Rights Reserved THE INTERNET AND E-BUSINESS SECTION 3.1

6 2-6 Copyright © 2011 McGraw-Hill Ryerson Limited 3-6 DISRUPTIVE TECHNOLOGY How can a company like Polaroid go bankrupt? Digital Darwinism – implies that organizations which cannot adapt to the new demands placed on them for surviving in the information age are doomed to extinction

7 2-7 Copyright © 2011 McGraw-Hill Ryerson Limited 3-7 Disruptive versus Sustaining Technology What do steamboats, transistor radios, and Intel’s 8088 processor all have in common? –Disruptive technology – a new way of doing things that initially does not meet the needs of existing customers –Sustaining technology – produces an improved product customers are eager to buy

8 2-8 Copyright © 2011 McGraw-Hill Ryerson Limited 3-8 Disruptive versus Sustaining Technology

9 2-9 Copyright © 2011 McGraw-Hill Ryerson Limited 3-9 Disruptive versus Sustaining Technology Innovator’s Dilemma - discusses how established companies can take advantage of disruptive technologies without hindering existing relationships with customers, partners, and stakeholders

10 2-10 Copyright © 2011 McGraw-Hill Ryerson Limited 3-10 Disruptive versus Sustaining Technology

11 2-11 Copyright © 2011 McGraw-Hill Ryerson Limited 3-11 The Internet – Business Disruption One of the biggest forces changing business is the Internet Organizations must be able to transform as markets, economic environments, and technologies change Focusing on the unexpected allows an organization to capitalize on the opportunity for new business growth from a disruptive technology

12 2-12 Copyright © 2011 McGraw-Hill Ryerson Limited 3-12 The Internet – Business Disruption Estimates predict there are more than 3 billion Internet users to date.

13 2-13 Copyright © 2011 McGraw-Hill Ryerson Limited 3-13 The Internet – Business Disruption The Internet has had an impact on almost every industry including: –Travel –Entertainment –Electronics –Financial services –Retail –Automobiles –Education and training

14 2-14 Copyright © 2011 McGraw-Hill Ryerson Limited 3-14 EVOLUTION OF THE INTERNET The Internet began as an emergency military communications system operated by the U.S. Department of Defense Gradually the Internet moved from a military pipeline to a communication tool for scientists to businesses –Internet – computer networks that pass information from one to another using common computer protocols –Protocol – standards that specify the format of data as well as the rules to be followed during transmission

15 2-15 Copyright © 2011 McGraw-Hill Ryerson Limited 3-15 EVOLUTION OF THE INTERNET World Wide Web (WWW) – a global hypertext system that uses the Internet as its transport mechanism Hypertext transport protocol (HTTP) – the Internet standard that supports the exchange of information on the WWW

16 2-16 Copyright © 2011 McGraw-Hill Ryerson Limited 3-16 EVOLUTION OF THE INTERNET

17 2-17 Copyright © 2011 McGraw-Hill Ryerson Limited 3-17 EVOLUTION OF THE INTERNET The Internet’s impact on information –Easy to compile –Increased richness –Increased reach –Improved content

18 2-18 Copyright © 2011 McGraw-Hill Ryerson Limited 3-18 EVOLUTION OF THE INTERNET File formats offered over the WWW

19 2-19 Copyright © 2011 McGraw-Hill Ryerson Limited 3-19 EVOLUTION OF THE INTERNET The Internet makes it possible to perform business in ways not previously imaginable It can also cause a digital divide –Digital divide – when those with access to technology have great advantages over those without access to technology

20 2-20 Copyright © 2011 McGraw-Hill Ryerson Limited 3-20 EVOLUTION OF THE INTERNET Web 2.0 is a set of economic, social, and technology trends that collectively form the basis for the next generation of the Internet.

21 2-21 Copyright © 2011 McGraw-Hill Ryerson Limited 3-21 EVOLUTION OF THE INTERNET The move from Web 1.0 to Web 2.0

22 2-22 Copyright © 2011 McGraw-Hill Ryerson Limited 3-22 EVOLUTION OF THE INTERNET Timeline of Web 1.0

23 2-23 Copyright © 2011 McGraw-Hill Ryerson Limited 3-23 ACCESSING INTERNET INFORMATION Four tools for accessing Internet information 1.Intranet – internalized portion of the Internet, protected from outside access, for employees 2.Extranet – an intranet that is available to strategic allies 3.Portal – Web site that offers a broad array of resources and services 4.Kiosk – publicly accessible computer system that allows interactive information browsing

24 2-24 Copyright © 2011 McGraw-Hill Ryerson Limited 3-24 PROVIDING INTERNET INFORMATION Three common forms of service providers 1.Internet service provider (ISP) –provides individuals and other companies access to the Internet 2.Online service provider (OSP) – offers an extensive array of unique Web services 3.Application service provider (ASP) – offers access over the Internet to systems and related services that would otherwise have to be located in organizational computers

25 2-25 Copyright © 2011 McGraw-Hill Ryerson Limited 3-25 PROVIDING INTERNET INFORMATION Common ISP services include: –Web hosting –Hard-disk storage space –Availability –Support

26 2-26 Copyright © 2011 McGraw-Hill Ryerson Limited 3-26 PROVIDING INTERNET INFORMATION Wireless Internet service provider (WISP)

27 2-27 Copyright © 2011 McGraw-Hill Ryerson Limited 3-27 PROVIDING INTERNET INFORMATION ISPs, OSPs, and ASPs use service level agreements (SLA) which define the specific responsibilities of the service provider and set the customer expectations

28 2-28 Copyright © 2011 McGraw-Hill Ryerson Limited 3-28 OPENING CASE QUESTIONS Amazon 1.How has Amazon used technology to revamp the bookselling industry? 2.Is Amazon using disruptive or sustaining technology to run its business? 3.How is Amazon using intranets and extranets to run its business? 4.How could Amazon use kiosks to improve its business?

29 McGraw-Hill-Ryerson ©2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, All Rights Reserved E-BUSINESS SECTION 3.2

30 2-30 Copyright © 2011 McGraw-Hill Ryerson Limited 3-30 E-BUSINESS BASICS How do e-commerce and e-business differ? –E-commerce – the buying and selling of goods and services over the Internet –E-business – the conducting of business on the Internet including not only buying and selling, but also serving customers and collaborating with business partners

31 2-31 Copyright © 2011 McGraw-Hill Ryerson Limited 3-31 E-BUSINESS BASICS Industries Using E-Business

32 2-32 Copyright © 2011 McGraw-Hill Ryerson Limited 3-32 E-BUSINESS MODELS E-business model – an approach to conducting electronic business on the Internet

33 2-33 Copyright © 2011 McGraw-Hill Ryerson Limited 3-33 E-BUSINESS MODELS

34 2-34 Copyright © 2011 McGraw-Hill Ryerson Limited 3-34 E-BUSINESS MODELS

35 2-35 Copyright © 2011 McGraw-Hill Ryerson Limited 3-35 Business-to-Business (B2B) Electronic marketplace (e- marketplace) – interactive business communities providing a central market where multiple buyers and sellers can engage in e- business activities

36 2-36 Copyright © 2011 McGraw-Hill Ryerson Limited 3-36 Business-to-Consumer (B2C) Common B2C e-business models include: –e-shop – a version of a retail store where customers can shop any time without leaving their home –e-mall – consists of a number of e-shops; it serves as a gateway through which a visitor can access other e-shops Business types include: –Brick-and-mortar business –Pure-play business –Click-and-mortar business

37 2-37 Copyright © 2011 McGraw-Hill Ryerson Limited 3-37 Consumer-to-Business (C2B) Priceline.com is an example of a C2B e- business model The demand for C2B e-business will increase over the next few years due to customers’ desire for greater convenience and lower prices

38 2-38 Copyright © 2011 McGraw-Hill Ryerson Limited 3-38 Consumer-to-Consumer (C2C) Online auctions –Electronic auction (e-auction) - Sellers and buyers solicit consecutive bids from each other and prices are determined dynamically –Forward auction - Sellers use as a selling channel to many buyers and the highest bid wins –Reverse auction - Buyers use to purchase a product or service, selecting the seller with the lowest bid

39 2-39 Copyright © 2011 McGraw-Hill Ryerson Limited 3-39 Consumer-to-Consumer (C2C) C2C Communities –Communities of interest - People interact with each other on specific topics, such as golfing and stamp collecting –Communities of relations - People come together to share certain life experiences, such as cancer patients, senior citizens, and car enthusiasts –Communities of fantasy - People participate in imaginary environments, such as fantasy football teams and playing one-on-one with Michael Jordan

40 2-40 Copyright © 2011 McGraw-Hill Ryerson Limited 3-40 ORGANIZATIONAL STRATEGIES FOR E-BUSINESS Primary business areas taking advantage of e-business include: –Marketing/sales –Financial services –Procurement –Customer service –Intermediaries

41 2-41 Copyright © 2011 McGraw-Hill Ryerson Limited 3-41 Marketing/Sales Generating revenue on the Internet –Online ad (banner ad) - box running across a Web page that contains advertisements –Pop-up ad - a small Web page containing an advertisement –Associate program (affiliate program) - businesses generate commissions or royalties –Viral marketing - a technique that induces Web sites or users to pass on a marketing message –Mass customization - gives customers the opportunity to tailor products or services

42 2-42 Copyright © 2011 McGraw-Hill Ryerson Limited 3-42 Marketing/Sales Generating revenue on the Internet (cont.) –Personalization - occurs when a Web site can fashion offers that are more likely to appeal to that person –Blog - Web site in which items are posted on a regular basis and displayed in reverse chronological order –Real simple syndications (RSS) - a Web feed format used for Web syndication of content –Podcasting - the distribution of audio or video files, such as radio programs or music videos, over the Internet to play on mobile devices

43 2-43 Copyright © 2011 McGraw-Hill Ryerson Limited 3-43 Marketing/Sales Generating revenue on the Internet (cont.) –Search engine optimization (SEO) - a set of methods aimed at improving the ranking of a Web site in search engine listings Spamdexing - uses a variety of deceptive techniques in an attempt to manipulate search engine rankings, whereas legitimate SEO focuses on building better sites and using honest methods of promotion

44 2-44 Copyright © 2011 McGraw-Hill Ryerson Limited 3-44 Financial Services Online consumer payments include: –Financial cybermediary –Electronic cheque –Electronic bill presentment and payment (EBPP) –Digital wallet

45 2-45 Copyright © 2011 McGraw-Hill Ryerson Limited 3-45 Financial Services Online business payments include: –Electronic data interchange (EDI) Value-added network (VAN) –Financial EDI (financial electronic data interchange)

46 2-46 Copyright © 2011 McGraw-Hill Ryerson Limited 3-46 Financial Services Electronic trading network

47 2-47 Copyright © 2011 McGraw-Hill Ryerson Limited 3-47 Procurement Maintenance, repair, and operations (MRO) materials (also called indirect materials) – materials necessary for running an organization but do not relate to the company’s primary business activities –E-procurement - the B2B purchase and sale of supplies and services over the Internet –Electronic catalogue - presents customers with information about goods and services offered for sale, bid, or auction on the Internet

48 2-48 Copyright © 2011 McGraw-Hill Ryerson Limited 3-48 Customer Service Customer service is the business process where the most human contact occurs between a buyer and a seller E-business strategists are finding that customer service via the Web is one of the most challenging and potentially lucrative areas of e- business The primary issue facing customer service departments using e-business is consumer protection

49 2-49 Copyright © 2011 McGraw-Hill Ryerson Limited 3-49 Consumer Protection

50 2-50 Copyright © 2011 McGraw-Hill Ryerson Limited 3-50 Consumer Protection E-business security –Encryption –Secure socket layer (SSL) –Secure electronic transaction (SET)

51 2-51 Copyright © 2011 McGraw-Hill Ryerson Limited 3-51 Intermediaries Intermediaries – agents, software, or businesses that bring buyers and sellers together that provide a trading infrastructure to enhance e-business Reintermediation – using the Internet to reassemble buyers, sellers, and other partners in a traditional supply chain in new ways

52 2-52 Copyright © 2011 McGraw-Hill Ryerson Limited 3-52 MEASURING E-BUSINESS SUCCESS Most companies measure the traffic on a Web site as the primary determinant of the Web site’s success However, a large amount of Web site traffic does not necessarily equate to large sales Many organizations with high Web site traffic have low sales volumes

53 2-53 Copyright © 2011 McGraw-Hill Ryerson Limited 3-53 MEASURING E-BUSINESS SUCCESS Web site traffic analysis can include: –Cookie –Click-through –Banner ad –Interactivity

54 2-54 Copyright © 2011 McGraw-Hill Ryerson Limited 3-54 Web Site Metrics Clickstream data tracks the exact pattern of a consumer’s navigation through a Web site Clickstream data can reveal: –Number of pageviews –Pattern of Web sites visited –Length of stay on a Web site –Date and time visited –Number of customers with shopping carts –Number of abandoned shopping carts

55 2-55 Copyright © 2011 McGraw-Hill Ryerson Limited 3-55 Web Site Metrics Web site metrics include: –Visitor metrics –Exposure metrics –Visit metrics –Hit metrics

56 2-56 Copyright © 2011 McGraw-Hill Ryerson Limited 3-56 E-BUSINESS BENEFITS AND CHALLENGES E-business benefits include: –Highly accessible –Increased customer loyalty –Improved information content –Increased convenience –Increased global reach –Decreased cost

57 2-57 Copyright © 2011 McGraw-Hill Ryerson Limited 3-57 E-BUSINESS BENEFITS AND CHALLENGES E-business challenges include: –Protecting consumers –Leveraging existing systems –Increasing liability –Providing security –Adhering to taxation rules

58 2-58 Copyright © 2011 McGraw-Hill Ryerson Limited 3-58 E-BUSINESS BENEFITS AND CHALLENGES There are numerous advantages and limitations in e-business revenue models including: –Transaction fees –License fees –Subscription fees –Value-added fees –Advertising fees

59 2-59 Copyright © 2011 McGraw-Hill Ryerson Limited 3-59 NEW TRENDS IN E-BUSINESS: E-GOVERNMENT AND M-COMMERCE E-government - involves the use of strategies and technologies to transform government(s) by improving the delivery of services and enhancing the quality of interaction between the citizen-consumer within all branches of government

60 2-60 Copyright © 2011 McGraw-Hill Ryerson Limited 3-60 NEW TRENDS IN E-BUSINESS: E-GOVERNMENT AND M-COMMERCE

61 2-61 Copyright © 2011 McGraw-Hill Ryerson Limited 3-61 NEW TRENDS IN E-BUSINESS: E-GOVERNMENT AND M-COMMERCE Mobile commerce - the ability to purchase goods and services through a wireless Internet-enabled device

62 2-62 Copyright © 2011 McGraw-Hill Ryerson Limited 3-62 OPENING CASE QUESTIONS Amazon 5.What is Amazon’s e-business model? 6.How can Amazon use m-commerce to influence its business? 7.Which metrics could Amazon use to assess the efficiency and effectiveness of Amazon’s Web site? 8.What are some of the business challenges facing Amazon?

63 2-63 Copyright © 2011 McGraw-Hill Ryerson Limited 3-63 CLOSING CASE ONE eBay – The Ultimate E-Business 1.What is eBay’s e-business model and why has it been so successful? 2.How has eBay’s strategy changed of the years? 3.eBay has long been an e-marketplace for used goods and collectibles. Today, it is increasingly a place where major businesses come to auction their wares. Why would a brand name vendor set up shop on eBay? 4.What are the three different types of online auctions and which one is eBay using? 5.What are the different forms of online payment methods for consumers and business? How might eBay’s customers benefit from the different payment methods? 6.Which metrics would you use if you were hired to assess the efficiency and effectiveness of eBay’s Web site?

64 2-64 Copyright © 2011 McGraw-Hill Ryerson Limited 3-64 CLOSING CASE TWO Hamilton’s GIS-Enhanced Web Site 1.How is technology being used by the City of Hamilton to support its strategic goals and improve business processes? 2.What barriers likely exist in rolling out these technologies and securing their successful use and adoption? 3.How can the City of Hamilton leverage its GIS functionality for m-commerce? 4.What performance metrics should the City of Hamilton collect to assess the viability and robustness of its maps Web site (map.Hamilton.ca)? Its super site (my.Hamilton.ca)? 5.Why would the City want to develop a Web strategy that adheres to broad citizen services delivery guidelines that deal with non-Web channels?

65 2-65 Copyright © 2011 McGraw-Hill Ryerson Limited 3-65 CLOSING CASE THREE The Rise and Fall of Canadian Tire’s Web Site Ordering 1.How could Canadian Tire use e-business metrics to monitor its B2C Web site’s performance? 2.What was Canadian Tire’s original strategy for its B2C Web site? 3.Why did this strategy fail? 4.What is Canadian Tire’s current strategy? Why is this strategy more conducive to the Canadian marketplace? 5.Explain the e-business benefits and challenges facing Canadian Tire.


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