Presentation on theme: "I. Household sector as an institutional sector in national accounts Vu Quang Viet Consultant to UNSD."— Presentation transcript:
I. Household sector as an institutional sector in national accounts Vu Quang Viet Consultant to UNSD
Definition of a household A household is defined as a group of persons who share the same living accommodation, who pool some, or all, of their income and wealth and who consume certain types of goods and services collectively, mainly housing and food. Members of the same household do not necessarily have to belong to the same family so long as there is some sharing of resources and consumption. Students who study away from home are still part of a household. Excluded are: –Hired domestic staff who live on the same premises; –People who live permanently in institutions (religious orders, mental hospitals, prisons, retirement);
Household sector in SNA Household as producers of goods and services Households as wage earners Household as net income transfers receivers Household as consumer of goods and services Operating surplus Compensation of employees Property income Social benefits/cont Other current transfers
Actual final consumption vs. actual final consumption expenditure Final consumption expenditure consists of expenditure incurred by resident households on final goods and services. Actual final consumption consists of: – Final expenditure of goods and services paid by households; –Social transfers in kind received from the Government or NPISHs. Purchases of goods and services by gov. and NPISHs and distributed free to households ( including social security benefits reimbursed on specified goods and services, other social security benefits in kind except reimbursement; social assistance benefits in kind); Part of output of government that benefits directly individuals (=individual government final consumption). Social transfer in kind cannot be captured in Household consumption survey and has to estimated from government output and imputed by national accountants.
Final consumption expenditure in the use table Social transfers in kind Can be covered by household survey
Household sector accounts Production / primary incomeUsesResources Operating surplus / Mixed income30 Compensation of employees190 Property income510 GNI225 Secondary dist. of income225 Income taxes/Social contribution / benefits/ other current transfers8070 Social transfers (imputed by national accountants30 Consumption (including social transfers)200 Adjustment for change in net equity to pension funds (imputed)10 Saving35 Saving35 Capital transfers5 Gross capital formation50 Net lending(+)/borrowing (-)-10 Net acquisition of financial assets20 Net increase in liabilities30
Compensation of employees Compensation of employees (D1) –Wages and salaries (D11) –Employers social contributions (D12) Employers actual social contributions (D121) –Employers actual pension contributions (D1211) –Employers actual non-pension contributions(D1212) –Employers imputed social contributions (D122) Employers imputed pension contributions (D1221) Employers imputed non-pension contributions (D1222)
Employers social contributions Employers social contributions are social contributions payable by employers to social security funds or other employment-related social insurance schemes to secure social benefits for their employees. Social security schemes are operated by general government; Other employer-related social insurance schemes may be operated by the employers themselves, by an insurance corporation or may be an autonomous pension scheme.
Employers imputed social contributions: definition Some employers provide benefits themselves directly to their employees, former employees or dependants without involving an insurance enterprise or autonomous pension fund, and without creating a special fund or segregated reserve for the purpose. Existing employees may be considered as being protected against various specified needs or circumstances, even though no reserves are built up to provide future entitlement.
Employers imputed social contributions: principle and practice SNA Principle: Remuneration should be imputed for such employees equal in value to secure the de facto entitlements employees may obtain at present and in the future. SNA Recommended Practice: Use the unfunded non-pension benefits payable by the enterprise during the same accounting period as an estimate of the imputed remuneration that would be needed to cover the imputed contributions. More Practical Practice: Use the current unfunded pension and non-pension benefits payable unless employers are legally liable to their benefit policies, especially the government.