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- Results-based Management - Monitoring & Evaluation An overview.

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1 - Results-based Management - Monitoring & Evaluation An overview

2 Strengthened capacity of rights-holders and duty-bearers The causes of major development problems Identifies patterns of discrimination, inequality, exclusion Identifies the capacity gaps of rights-holders and duty-bearers Rights-holders & accountable duty-bearers contribute to the realization of human rights Establish mechanisms for participation of rights-holders & duty bearers in prog./ project monitoring HRBA in Country Programming Country Analysis UNDAF Prog/ Project M&E

3 What is a Result ? A describable or measurable change resulting from a cause and effect relationship - UNDG agreed RBM terminology

4 Performance monitoring is a critical element How well are results being achieved What measures are needed to improve the process What is results based management? A management approach aimed at ensuring that activities achieve desired results

5 Common elements of RBM Problem analysis to understand causes Structuring of programmes around a chain of desired results - addressing causes Causality in the chain of results (if… then logic) Use of change language (future conditional) Reliance on indicators to measure performance Costing of results (RBB) rather than isolated activity budgeting, budgets based on available resources, or other pies in the sky Monitoring and reporting on progress against planned results

6 RBM in practice In your table groups, discuss and agree… What are the main advantages and challenges in using RBM? Advantages – 3 x Challenges – 3 x Yellow Pink

7 Advantages Stated rationale/intended gains: Improved focus on results instead of activities Improved transparency Improved accountability Improved measurement of programme achievements (performance rather than utilization) Enhanced strategic focus No choice, it is an industry standard To get more funds!!

8 Challenges Difficult to apply causal logic Difficult to learn Difficult to integrate Difficult to revise (... or reluctance to revise? ) Difficult to measure Difficult to attribute Go to typology

9 Terminology Match the RBM terms with their definitions. What is the logical hierarchy? Go to typology

10 A Typology for RBM: Governance Outcome Impact Output Activity There is good governance National capacity to implement governance reforms increased Legislative code for local self-governance developed - Training legislators - National consultation - Assessment of laws.. ResultsLike… Timeframe <1 yr <5 yrs 5 yrs 5-10 yrs more less Collective Accountability Institutional/ Behavioural Operational/ skills, abilities, products & services Human! Outcome Governance reforms institutionalised Institutional/ Behavioural 5 yrs then if then

11 The Results Matrix UNDAF Results Matrix National Target/ MDG UNDAF Outcome UN Agency Outcomes OutputsRole of Partners Resource Mobilisation Targets Programme Modality: National goals and targets By 2008, the accountability of public officials and representatives increased By 2015, the governance institutions are modernised (MDG1) By 2008, secondary school enrolment rates are increased by xx% By 2015, ensure that all children come close to completion of secondary school (MDG2) By 2015, combat the spread of HIV/AIDS (MDG6) By 2008, more young people are knowledgeable about and practice safe sex

12 Linking rights to results

13 Practical Implications What it doesnt mean …that for every article of every convention there must be a national policy or programme response with specific indicators What is does mean.. Policy development and programmes should address the causes and capacity gaps that prevent some people from enjoying their rights.

14 HRBA to Results Based Programme Planning Impact:Realization of human rights, as laid down in international instruments Outcome: Increased performance of rights- holders and duty-bearers Outputs: Capacity development of RHs, DBs Process:Guided by Human Rights principles

15 UNDAF MATRIX Model HRBA Formulation Time National priorities UNDAFOUTCOME AGENCYOUTCOME OUTPUT Full enjoyment of rights: Positive and sustained changes in the lives of men, women and children 5-20 years Increased performance rights-holders to claim their rights and of duty-bearers to meet their obligations 4-5 years Legal, policy, and institutional reforms that help DB to meet their obligations AND RH to claim their rights 2-4 years Tangible services, products, new skills and abilities to fill the capacity gaps of RHs & DBs 1-4 years

16 Monitoring and Evaluation

17 What to measure? Programme performance (Impact, Outcomes, Output) Programme process: Participation, accountability and non-discrimination Programme context: existence of laws, policies and institutional mechanisms Duty-bearers efforts to meet their obligations Right-holders disparities in enjoying rights Programme performance (Impact, Outcomes, Output) Programme process: Participation, accountability and non-discrimination Programme context: existence of laws, policies and institutional mechanisms Duty-bearers efforts to meet their obligations Right-holders disparities in enjoying rights Based on claims and obligations in human rights standards based on human rights principles The monitoring of the context is equally important as the monitoring of the programme

18 How to measure? Identify the rights-holders and duty-bearers who will contribute to the M&E process either as: Information providers, for example line ministries Independent information interpreters, for example National Human Rights Institutions Bring them together in a participatory process Ensure access to available information and data on the programme Identify the rights-holders and duty-bearers who will contribute to the M&E process either as: Information providers, for example line ministries Independent information interpreters, for example National Human Rights Institutions Bring them together in a participatory process Ensure access to available information and data on the programme

19 WHAT IS AN INDICATOR? Tool to measure evidence of progress towards a result or that a result has been achieved Pointer that helps to measure progress towards achieving results Establishes the level of performance necessary to achieve results Specifies the elements necessary to establish whether expected results were achieved Quantitative or qualitative

20 Baseline, Target and Achievement Baseline Commitment Current Level of Achievement Performance Achievement At end of period Target Planned Level of Achievement

21 Group Activity: Rights-based results Reflect on the problem tree, role and capacity gaps analysis Formulate: –1 UNDAF outcome –2 contributing agency outcomes –2 outputs for one of the two outcomes –2 indicators for one outcome Review and make sure that the result chain is right-based

22 Rights-based Results From… 35 womens groups have access to micro- credit To… 35 rural womens groups enjoy guaranteed access to credit from Dayham Bank

23 Rights-based Results From… A property rights reform act endorsed by legislature To… The legislature endorses a property rights reform act that guarantees the land title of urban slum dwellers


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