Presentation on theme: "Chapter 1 Principles of Government"— Presentation transcript:
1 Chapter 1 Principles of Government Essential Question:Is government necessary?
2 Break up into small groups (3 or 4) and: Develop a definition for governmentanswer the Essential Question – is government necessary? ( explain and defend your position)Read the quote on page 3 (The Federalists No. 51) and reflect on what James Madison thinks is the great difficulty when creating a government.
3 Section 1 – Government and the State Guiding Question: What is government and what is its purpose?Student Objectives:Define government and the basic powers every government holds.Describe the four defining characteristics of a state.Identify four theories that attempt to explain the origin of the state.Understand the purpose of government in the United States and other countries.
4 Definition of Government Institution through which society makes and enforces public policiesLegislative, judicial and executive power (every government has these in some way)Dictatorship – power held by a person or small groupDemocracy – power held by the people
5 Characteristics of a State PopulationTerritory – land with known and recognized boundariesSovereignty – supreme power within its territoryGovernment – agency through which the state exerts its will and works towards its goals
6 Origin of the StateForce Theory – An individual or group claimed control over a territory and forced the population to submit.Evolution Theory – A population formed out of primitive families. The heads of these families became the government.Divine Right Theory – God created the state, making it sovereign. The government is made up of those chosen by God to rule a certain territory.Social Contract Theory – A population in a given place gave up as much power to a government as needed to promote the well being of all.
7 Purposes of Government Form a more perfect unionEstablish justiceEnsure domestic tranquilityProvide for the common defensePromote the general welfareSecure the blessings of liberty
8 The PreambleBreak into small groups and examine the five purposes (skip Form a More Perfect Union) of our government, as outlined in the Preamble to the Constitution.As you read and reflect on these purposes, identify ways the government succeeds in achieving these goals and identify ways the government fails to live up to these goals. Be as specific as you can be with your examples. (See Chart)
9 Purposes of Government SuccessesFailuresEstablish justiceInsure domestic tranquilityProvide for the common defensePromote the general welfareSecure the blessings of liberty
10 Section 1 Review – Student Objectives Define government and the basic powers every government holds.Institution through which society makes and enforces public policiesLegislative, Judicial and Executive power (every government has these in some way)Dictatorship – power held by a person or small groupDemocracy – power held by the peopleDescribe the four defining characteristics of a state.Population, Territory, Sovereignty, GovernmentIdentify four theories that attempt to explain the origin of the state.Force, Evolution, Divine Right, Social ContractUnderstand the purpose of government in the United States and other countries.More perfect union, establish justice, domestic tranquility, common defense, promote general welfare, secure the blessings of liberty
11 Section 2 – Forms of Government Guiding Question: What are some forms of government in the world today?Student Objectives:Classify governments according to three sets of characteristics.Define systems of government based on who can participate.Identify different ways that power can be distributed, geographically within a state.Describe a government by the distribution of power between the executive branch and the legislative branch.
12 Forms of Government Democracy Dictatorship Political authority rests with the people.Direct or indirect democracyFederal – power is shared by local and national governmentConfederate – power centered in local governmentsUnitary – power centered in national governmentPresidential – powers separated into executive and legislative branchParliamentary – executive branch is part of legislatureRulers not responsible to the peopleGovernment not accountable for policies or how they are carried outAutocracy – one person rulesOligarchy – small group rulesAll are authoritarianMost are totalitarianMilitaristic
13 Break into small groups and answer the following questions Break into small groups and answer the following questions. ( you may need to refer to your text)Many dictatorships endure for a decade or longer. What characteristics of this form of government contribute to the longevity of dictators?In the parliamentary governments of some countries, the prime minister remains in office only a short time. What characteristics of this form of government contribute to the short duration of some prime ministers?Why do you think that the majority of governmental systems today are parliamentary?Why do you think dictatorships generally go hand-in-hand with military power?
14 Break into small groups and: Complete the Predictions side of the Forms of Government Core Worksheet for all three scenarios, for both democracies and dictatorships (six predictions in all)
15 Section 3 – Basic Concepts of Democracy Guiding Question – What are the basic concepts of democracy?Student Objectives:Understand the foundations of democracy.Analyze the connections between democracy and the free enterprise system.
17 Duties and Responsibilities of Citizenship Serving on a juryServing as a witness when calledAttending schoolPaying taxesRegistering for the draftObeying the lawsRespecting the rights of othersVotingVolunteeringParticipating in civic lifeUnderstanding the workings of our government
18 Voting is crucial in any democratic government. Break into small groups and debate:Should citizens be required by law to vote?List some benefits and drawbacks to this idea.Chose someone to share your groups thoughts on the idea.
19 Democracy and the Free Enterprise System (aka Capitalism) Private ownership of capital goodsinvestments made by private decision, not government directiveSuccess or failure determined by competition in the marketplaceFour fundamental factorsPrivate ownershipIndividual initiativeProfitCompetition
20 Chapter 22, Section 1 The Origins of the Modern State