Presentation on theme: "IWG - Env Joint Work Session on Water Statistics 1 Vienna 20-22 June 2005 An Integrated Approach for Water Statistics Giorgio DAmore, ICstat International."— Presentation transcript:
IWG - Env Joint Work Session on Water Statistics 1 Vienna June 2005 An Integrated Approach for Water Statistics Giorgio DAmore, ICstat International Cooperation Center for Statistics Luigi Bodio Pre-accession Advisor E.U. Phare RO/2001/IB ST-01 Twinning Project between Italy and Romania Compliance of Romanian statistics with European statistical system
IWG - Env Joint Work Session on Water Statistics 2 Vienna June 2005 dd ROMANIA Project basic Information Project Code: RO 2001/IB ST-01 Project Title: Compliance of Romanian statistics with European statistical system Projects Funds: financed by the European Union within the PHARE 2001 Project kind: Twinning with Member State ITALY Budget: Euro 1.2 million Starting date: 13 th of September 2002 Duration: 25 months
IWG - Env Joint Work Session on Water Statistics 3 Vienna June 2005 To establish necessary sound structures for environment statistics, set up in the frame of a co-ordinated and coherent institutional development involving National Institute for Statistics and Ministry of Environment and Water Management; To develop statistical researches on waste, water, air emissions. Environmental Statistics component main objectives
IWG - Env Joint Work Session on Water Statistics 4 Vienna June 2005 The direct water survey in Romania The main statistical requirements reference was the OECD/Eurostat Joint Questionnaire o Annual water abstraction by source and by sector o Water consumption by supply category and by sector o National population connected to waste treatment plants o Treatment capacity of waste water treatment plants, in terms of volume o Generation and discharge of waste water, in terms of volume and in terms of BOD
IWG - Env Joint Work Session on Water Statistics 5 Vienna June 2005 three different direct surveys Specialized Units performing Water Abstraction and Use & Urban Wastewater Collection, Treatment and Discharge, for public purposes were investigated in an exhaustive manner, using a questionnaire named AS-A-SER (Ancheta Statistica – Apa – Servicii) Industries involved in Water Use and Supply (by means of source) & Wastewater Generation, Collection and Discharge were weighed through stratified sampling; the questionnaire use was named AS-A-IND (Ancheta Statistica – Apa – Industrie) Agricultural enterprises performing irrigation were observed on sampling base (but exhaustively for irrigated surface of over 100 hectares) and related questionnaire named AS-A-IRR (Ancheta Statistica – Apa – Irrigatii)
IWG - Env Joint Work Session on Water Statistics 6 Vienna June 2005 To broaden coverage estimates through coefficients: agriculture: water consumption by different kind of animals applying to the stocks of animal available coefficients derived by international standards household: water consumption and waste water generated for households not-covered by specialized units (mainly rural areas).
IWG - Env Joint Work Session on Water Statistics 7 Vienna June 2005 All the three main pillars of the statistical data administered by a national statistical institute were used: population, business register, and agricultural-territorial data Integration of the three databases in a single information system and possibly into a corporate- wide database, and the possible subsequent representation over a geographical information system (GIS) can also help the production of statistics at local level and a more effective representativeness of territorial and environmental information
IWG - Env Joint Work Session on Water Statistics 8 Vienna June 2005 Further Developments Integration with other important administrative sources towards a more extended coverage of the phenomenon including: Water precipitation (quantity and rain days) Number, localization, storage potential and actual stock (beginning and end of year) of water reservoire Estimate of water loss (leakage, evaporations …)
IWG - Env Joint Work Session on Water Statistics 9 Vienna June 2005 Cross analyses with other domains such as GDP evolution (and specifically agriculture contribution) against rainfall and variation of stock in the reservoire. Impact of water scarcity also on the energy sector is investigated; as a matter of fact the only nuclear power plant in Romania, at Cernavoda, was closed at the end of summer 2003 for about one month due to the low level of water in the Danube river. Further Developments
IWG - Env Joint Work Session on Water Statistics 10 Vienna June 2005 Generalizing the feedback, we can affirm that the lesson learned is that the integration of different data sources and methodologies should be pursued to: broaden coverage add consistency to data allow validation improve cost effectiveness deepen data analysis
IWG - Env Joint Work Session on Water Statistics 11 Vienna June 2005 Some ideas To support countries having financial and human constraints in developing targeted environmental surveys the IWG - Env may consider the opportunity: to advance researches on indirect coefficients in topic groups at core level. to support realization of minimum size direct surveys targeting Specialized Units performing Water Abstraction and Use & Wastewater Collection, Treatment and Discharge for public purposes (NACE code 41) to advise that Specific water questions can also be suggested for addition to current household, business and agricultural surveys at a low cost.
IWG - Env Joint Work Session on Water Statistics 12 Vienna June 2005 Indicators Water retainement efficiency: Quantity of rainfall retained for subsequent human management (increase in stocks, net of consumption) over rainfall Water distribution and delivery efficiency: Water consumption at the served clients (households, industries and farms) over water effectively put in the water pipe network by Specialized Units (a rate far from 1 denotes high water leakages in the distribution network)
IWG - Env Joint Work Session on Water Statistics 13 Vienna June 2005 main criteria for choosing environmental indicators policy-relevance – address the key environmental issues responsiveness – change sufficiently quickly in response to action analytical soundness – based on sound science measurability – feasible in terms of current or planned data availability ease of interpretation – communicate essential information in a way that is unambiguous and easy to understand;
IWG - Env Joint Work Session on Water Statistics 14 Vienna June 2005 break even point when used water exceeds the renewable water resources there is definitively no sustainability