Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Capturing information on remittances and other flows – a fact-finding in Europe Violetta Damia 24 - 25 January 2005 International Technical Meeting on.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Capturing information on remittances and other flows – a fact-finding in Europe Violetta Damia 24 - 25 January 2005 International Technical Meeting on."— Presentation transcript:

1 Capturing information on remittances and other flows – a fact-finding in Europe Violetta Damia January 2005 International Technical Meeting on Measuring Migrant Remittances

2 General considerations Definitions (BPM5) Fact-finding exercise Results – Methodological issues Results – Magnitude of flows Main conclusions Questions? Overview

3 Workers remittances: 2nd largest source of external finance for developing countries size relevant to GDP vs. low volatility shown conceptual framework given by IMF BoP Manual (5 th edition) General considerations

4 Definitions (BPM5) Fact-finding exercise Results – Methodological issues Results – Magnitude of flows Main conclusions Questions? Overview

5 Compensation of employees: the earnings of border, seasonal, and other workers paid by an employer resident in one economy to employees resident in other economies paid in kind and/or in cash recorded under current account / income Workers remittances: the remittances of funds to families abroad by residents (living in the host economy for 12 months or more) recorded under current account / current transfers Migrants transfers: the net worth of migrants at the time of migration (cash and goods transferred) – recorded under capital account / capital transfers Definitions (BPM5)

6 General considerations Definitions (BPM5) Fact-finding exercise Results – Methodological issues Results – Magnitude of flows Main conclusions Questions? Overview

7 EU Member States were requested to send available information on 1. Compensation of employees, 2. Workers remittances, and 3. Migrant transfers with the objective to assess the magnitude of flows at the European level Fact-finding exercise (WG-ES) data and metadata if available, with geographical allocation

8 General considerations Definitions (BPM5) Fact-finding exercise Results – Methodological issues Results – Magnitude of flows Main conclusions Questions? Overview

9 Compensation of employees: The information reported is 1. partly collected by settlement systems, tax and social security systems and the resident credit institutions 2. partly estimated based on the previous years, number of foreign workers, average wages, social contributions and census Results: Meth. Issues (1)

10 Compensation of employees: Main caveats: 1. high thresholds 2. diversity of methods to transfer money 3. 1-year-rule : difficult to apply in practice difficulty to differentiate between compensation of employees and workers remittances Results: Meth. Issues (2)

11 Workers remittances: The information reported is 1. mainly collected by settlement systems, by banks and post offices, through household surveys, from foreign exchange reports 2. difficult to estimate Results: Meth. Issues (3)

12 Workers remittances: Main caveats: 1. high thresholds 2. diversity of methods of money transfers 3. the presence of illegal foreign workers 4. 1-year-rule : difficult to apply in practice Results: Meth. Issues (4)

13 Migrant transfers: The most difficult to measure difficulty for most countries to monitor the flows separately hence migrants transfers are recorded under workers remittances the estimations are based on number of migrants and the average assets transferred Results: Meth. Issues (5)

14 General considerations Definitions (BPM5) Fact-finding exercise Results – Methodological issues Results – Magnitude of flows Main conclusions Questions? Overview

15 Results: Magnitude of flows (1)

16 Results: Magnitude of flows (2) Compensation of employees: mainly EU25: temporal, seasonal and border workers American continent (especially the debit side) Workers remittances: mainly EU25 debit side: balanced distribution worldwide Migrant transfers: even distribution of low level flows: underestimation?

17 General considerations Definitions (BPM5) Fact-finding exercise Results – Methodological issues Results – Magnitude of flows Main conclusions Questions? Overview

18 Main conclusions need to fill the recording gaps so as to have a more concrete measurement review thresholds applied importance to follow harmonised methods to ensure comparability (based on BPM5) further improvement of BPM5 in terms of definitions encouragement for the utilisation of formal channels by reducing transfers costs increase quality of information (underestimations) development of estimation methods for capturing reality (e.g. refinement of households surveys)

19 Questions?


Download ppt "Capturing information on remittances and other flows – a fact-finding in Europe Violetta Damia 24 - 25 January 2005 International Technical Meeting on."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google