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Obesity, Physical Activity and Diet in the Eastern Mediterranean DR ABDULLRAHMAN MUSAIGER Head, Arab Center for Nutrition BAHRAIN.

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Presentation on theme: "Obesity, Physical Activity and Diet in the Eastern Mediterranean DR ABDULLRAHMAN MUSAIGER Head, Arab Center for Nutrition BAHRAIN."— Presentation transcript:

1 Obesity, Physical Activity and Diet in the Eastern Mediterranean DR ABDULLRAHMAN MUSAIGER Head, Arab Center for Nutrition BAHRAIN

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3 Prevalence of Overweight among Preschool Children

4 Prevalence of Overweight among Preschool Children (1992 – 1997) de Onis and Blössner (2000) Arab Asia %

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7 Summary of Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity in the Middle East Countries Women Men Adults Adolescents (11 – 18 yr) School children (6 – 10 yr) 4 - 8Preschool children (<6 yr) % of Overweight and Obesity Age group Musaiger (2007)

8 Pregnancy (gain weight more than average) Infancy: (3-7%) Childhood and adolescence: (10-45%) Higher risk of obesity, hypertension, micronutrient inadequacies, unhealthy eating patterns, and lifestyles Adulthood: (30-75%) Higher chronic disease risks, micronutrient inadequacies, unhealthy eating patterns, and lifestyles Life Cycle of Overweight and Obesity in the EMR

9 Prevalence of Low Physical Activity according to the Stepwise Survey in some Arab Countries

10 Physical Activity of Saudi Adults Using International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) (N=1616) Al-Hazza (2007)

11 Summary of Barriers to Physical Activity among Bahraini Adults (N = 426) Type%Barriers Major barriers Environment62Lack of resources Individual56Lack of energy Individual54Lack of time Individual48Lack of motivation Moderate barriers Environment17Social influence Minor barriers Individual8Fear of injury Individual6Lack of skill

12 Percent Increase of Daily per Capita Dietary Energy in some Middle East Countries ( ) (1971 as a base) FAO (Food Balance sheet, )

13 Prevalence of Low Intake of Fresh Fruit and Vegetables in some Arab Countries according to the STEPwise Survey (Daily intake 5 serving/day)

14 Contribution (%) of Nutrients to Daily Energy Supply (DES) in the Middle East Countries NutrientsLow income countries Intermediate income countries High income countries Carbohydrates55 – 7560 – 7059 – 60 Fats15 – 2020 – 2529 – 35 Proteins10 – 1210 – 1110 – 12 Complex carbohydrates60 – 7050 – 6045 – 50 Sugar3 – 129 – 1210 – 15 Animal fat4 – 74 – 1011 – 15 Cereals60 – 8045 – 6535 – 40 Musaiger (2004)

15 CONCLUSION Obesity has been become an endemic in most countries of the Region Change in dietary habits and lack of physical activity are the main factors responsible for high prevalence of obesity and NCD Environmental and cultural factors should also be taken in consideration in any intervention programme to prevent NCD


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