Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

ECOSOC Meeting on the transition from relief to development following natural disasters. New York 28th February 2005.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "ECOSOC Meeting on the transition from relief to development following natural disasters. New York 28th February 2005."— Presentation transcript:

1 ECOSOC Meeting on the transition from relief to development following natural disasters. New York 28th February 2005

2 The Indian Ocean Tsunami: Effects In a matter of minutes the tsunami that surged across the Indian Ocean on 26 December 2004 had taken hundreds of thousands of lives and destroyed the livelihoods of many more. It will take years to rebuild what the tsunami destroyed. But in a stroke, it also opened our eyes to a human condition. Around the world, poor people live fundamentally insecure lives. Exposed to hazards like floods, landslides, storms, droughts or earthquakes, living in the most exposed and dangerous environments, without resilience, vulnerable communities have little means of protecting themselves against the impact of disaster. The many, and increasingly frequent, minor emergencies that go unnoticed by international media are a daily reality for the disadvantaged somewhere around the globe. The Indian Ocean earthquake and resulting tsunami has further given credence to the statement that 'disasters are a humanitarian and a development concern'. Evidence suggests that measures to mitigate the impacts of hazards - such as early warning systems coastal protection, seismic monitoring and typhoon shelters - have contributed to reducing the numbers of people killed, so called 'natural' disasters are affecting an increasing number of people. Badly managed development, environmental degradation, poor governance and a lack of respect for human rights have actually conspired to increase the numbers of vulnerable and impoverished people living at risk. There is now wide recognition that disasters impact on all aspects of development undermining efforts to achieve the UNs Millennium Development Goals. The Second World Conference on Disaster Reduction, held in Kobe, emphasized the need to put disaster risk reduction at the centre of political agendas and national policies. The International Federation has in-turn committed to a strategy to reduce disaster risk – by building community resilience – through preparedness, response activities, recovery, development, mitigation, education, advocacy and partnerships.

3 More disasters – more affected Since 1970s: Natural disasters nearly 3 X as many Deaths drop 70% Numbers affected more than triple Source: Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters, Belgium (CRED)

4 Why ? Population growth: 70 m more people each year Rapid and unplanned urbanization, environmental degradation, misguided development, poverty Disasters disproportionally affect slum dwellers: poorest live in unfit places, seen as illegal, without services Disasters set back progress and growth = a vicious spiral Response is rapid and more coordinated, but does it capture real needs? Can it undermine capacity?

5 RC challenges from disaster response to development IFRC and NS – disasters are not an event but are one part of a continuum. DP and DR non enough The cycle of activities link together to create a holistic approach to risk reduction. International support should reinforce local, national and regional capacities at each of these parts of the cycle.

6 Development of the RC capacity to influence risk reduction Disaster Preparedness: The selection, training and equipping of national, regional and international responders (RDRT,FACT and ERU teams). The implementation of community-based disaster awareness, preparedness and response training and programmes. Disaster Response: Rapid, well-coordinated deployment of the above. Close coordination on the disaster site with the government authorities, UN(UNDAC), and other actors. Recovery: Early RC assessments and the preparation of recovery/rehabilitation & development strategies. Reconstruction of health housing, social, and educational facilities. Mitigation: Implementation of community and NS projects supporting risk reduction. Mangrove project. Development: can be a factor of risk (lack of plans, regulations, inequalities, lack of preparedness and prevention) – Tsunami early- warning, heat wave in Europe. RC involvement in national disaster planning. Vulnerability to disasters determined by physical, environmental, make programmes more 'risk aware'

7 Iran: local response most effective 34 international teams saved 22 lives Iranian Red Crescent teams saved 157 lives, neighbours 100s. Cost of a 6-day foreign mission v 2 year's local training? Lesson: Build on national preparedness, local capacities and courage

8 Europes heat wave: deadliest disaster Summer 2003: up to 35,000 people died Inadequate awareness and preparation. Heat waves trigger silent disasters, affecting elderly Lessons: Assess new vulnerabilities Community contact and preparedness increase coping

9 Mangrove rehabilitation in Vietnam Tropical cyclones caused lost livelihood resources in costal communities Mangrove ecosystem rehabilitation – communities and RC plant and protect mangrove forest ( hectares) In 2000 typhoon Wukong devastated Vietnam, project areas were protected Benefit to 8000 families.

10 Self-reliance in the south-west Pacific Vulnerability and Capacity Assessment In 2001 Papua-New Guinea (PNG) Red Cross initiated a Vulnerability and Capacity Assessment ( VCA) on Manam Island. Only 11% of islanders were aware of the risks facing them Only 11% of islanders were aware of the risks facing them and just 6 % knew about resources available to deal with those risks. Over half were aware of escape routes and pickup points governments evacuation plan No one knew what the governments evacuation plan entailed community-based self- reliance (CBSR) project Based on the VCA, the PNG-RC began a community-based self- reliance (CBSR) project faith in their own resourcefulness Its aim is to boost islanders faith in their own resourcefulness to reduce risks

11 Key policy objectives. Relief Recovery & Development are not isolated, together they should: Lead to rehabilitation of more resistant livelihoods. Provide integrated planning that consults with & involves communities and eases the transition from relief to development. Be people-centered, enhance local capacities, use local materials and resources for recovery and development and provide models that can improve disaster management; Do not inadvertently reinforce tensions or conflict but contribute to reconciliation and harmony. Contribute to more systematic and proactive coordination through joint assessments, planning and information exchange. Promote solutions to root causes, better linkage and understanding with donor funding for the continuum.

12 Focus on capacities, as well as needs Dispel myth of helpless victims Avoid top-down interventions Assess local strengths and priorities – not just vulnerabilities and needs Build on the resources and resilience found in the community

13 Tsunami: Challenges & Opportunities For the Red Cross/Red Crescent, the tsunami was a call for action. With the overwhelming generosity of the global community, we were given the possibility not only to meet the immediate needs for survival, protection and early recovery of the tsunami affected populations, but also to help them restore their shattered lives and livelihoods. We were also given a new opportunity, the means to address the predicament of vulnerable communities throughout the wider region of the Indian Ocean, Southeast Asia and South Asia & E. Africa. It is a unique opportunity not only to meet the immediate needs of the affected population but to take forward the global commitment made at the Kobe World Conference on Disaster Reduction 2005, to work with communities, governments, the United Nations and NGOs to build a culture of disaster resilience. To play an effective role, the challenge for the RC/RC is to complement its local level immediate relief support and development programmes with a greater emphasis on public education and advocacy to create platforms for the voices of the vulnerable that will influence appropriate changes to policies and practices of institutions in their favour. For the Red Cross/Red Crescent, the tsunami was a call for action. With the overwhelming generosity of the global community, we were given the possibility not only to meet the immediate needs for survival, protection and early recovery of the tsunami affected populations, but also to help them restore their shattered lives and livelihoods. We were also given a new opportunity, the means to address the predicament of vulnerable communities throughout the wider region of the Indian Ocean, Southeast Asia and South Asia & E. Africa. It is a unique opportunity not only to meet the immediate needs of the affected population but to take forward the global commitment made at the Kobe World Conference on Disaster Reduction 2005, to work with communities, governments, the United Nations and NGOs to build a culture of disaster resilience. To play an effective role, the challenge for the RC/RC is to complement its local level immediate relief support and development programmes with a greater emphasis on public education and advocacy to create platforms for the voices of the vulnerable that will influence appropriate changes to policies and practices of institutions in their favour. Accountability, stewardship and transparency will be combined with well-coordinated partnerships with the UN, governments and communities.


Download ppt "ECOSOC Meeting on the transition from relief to development following natural disasters. New York 28th February 2005."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google