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United Nations Reform III Operational activities for development New York, 19 November 2010 UNITAR Training Course Nikhil Seth, Director, Office for ECOSOC.

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Presentation on theme: "United Nations Reform III Operational activities for development New York, 19 November 2010 UNITAR Training Course Nikhil Seth, Director, Office for ECOSOC."— Presentation transcript:

1 United Nations Reform III Operational activities for development New York, 19 November 2010 UNITAR Training Course Nikhil Seth, Director, Office for ECOSOC Support and Coordination, UNDESA

2 UN Operational activities for development A.Overview B.Historical milestones C.Governance system Presentation outline Nikhil Seth, Director, Office for ECOSOC Support and Coordination, UNDESA

3 UN system-wide activities (Based on average contributions ) A.Overview Nikhil Seth, Director, Office for ECOSOC Support and Coordination, UNDESA Humanitarian Assistance 21% Development- related activities 43% Peacekeeping 22% Global policy, advocacy, norms and standards 14%

4 Major operational entities (share of total contributions; 2008; $22.2 billion) A.Overview Nikhil Seth, Director, Office for ECOSOC Support and Coordination, UNDESA Others 10% UNESCO 2% ILO 2% UNRWA 3% UNFPA 3% FAO 4% WHO 7% UNHCR 7% UNICEF 15% UNDP 23% WFP 24%

5 Destination of expenditures (2008; $18.6 billion) A.Overview Nikhil Seth, Director, Office for ECOSOC Support and Coordination, UNDESA

6 Development-related expenditures by sector (2008; $11.8 billion) A.Overview Nikhil Seth, Director, Office for ECOSOC Support and Coordination, UNDESA

7 1945 When UN was established it was not envisaged that organization would become a major player in delivery of operational activities for development Many of the coherence challenges which have arisen in UN in recent decades can therefore be traced back to original design of organization B.Historical milestones Nikhil Seth, Director, Office for ECOSOC Support and Coordination, UNDESA

8 1945 (cont.) Functional approach, rather than a federalist one was adopted to design of UN system UN system organized around independent specialized agencies, whose relationship with ECOSOC was established by set of formal agreements, with new organizations created as needs arose B.Historical milestones Nikhil Seth, Director, Office for ECOSOC Support and Coordination, UNDESA

9 1946 UNICEF established by GA to provide food, clothing and health care for children 1960s Many new entities established including WFP (1961), UNCTAD (1964) and UNIDO (1967) Major growth in operational activities of UN system 1965 UNDP is established to coordinate funding for technical assistance provided by other UN entities B.Historical milestones Nikhil Seth, Director, Office for ECOSOC Support and Coordination, UNDESA

10 1970s Continued expansion in UN operational activities for development Post of Director-General for Development and International Cooperation established in 1977 to address growing coordination deficit in UN development system. This function was abolished in 1992 B.Historical milestones Nikhil Seth, Director, Office for ECOSOC Support and Coordination, UNDESA

11 1980s UN system faces funding crisis as some donors withhold contributions at height of Cold War Funding for operational activities for development becomes increasingly earmarked System of execution by UN agencies comes under pressure as programme countries opt for national execution of UN technical assistance B.Historical milestones Nikhil Seth, Director, Office for ECOSOC Support and Coordination, UNDESA

12 1990s Centralized approach to funding through UNDP is gradually abandoned in early 1990s 1995 UNDP transforms itself from a central fund to being primarily a substantive organization Specialized agencies start mobilizing resources directly from donors, which contributes to rapid growth in non-core funding and fragmentation of UN system B.Historical milestones Nikhil Seth, Director, Office for ECOSOC Support and Coordination, UNDESA

13 Step change towards Member States promoting enhanced programmatic coordination and coherence within UN system 1997 Major reorganization of UN system aimed at strengthening programmatic cooperation and common approaches among UN entities B.Historical milestones Nikhil Seth, Director, Office for ECOSOC Support and Coordination, UNDESA

14 1997 (cont.) Creation of UNDG, chaired by UNDP Administrator Merging of three departments into DESA Establishment of common UN houses Introduction of UNDAF and Common Country Assessment Creation of post of Deputy Secretary-General Establishment of Joint Meeting of Boards of funds and programmes B.Historical milestones Nikhil Seth, Director, Office for ECOSOC Support and Coordination, UNDESA

15 2000s Efforts to strengthen UN development system generally consistent with thrust of 1997 reform with focus on improving field-level coordination and inter-agency cooperation and better measurement of field-level results 2010 Adoption of GA resolution 64/289 on system-wide coherence B.Historical milestones Nikhil Seth, Director, Office for ECOSOC Support and Coordination, UNDESA

16 Intergovernmental governance General Assembly Provides overarching normative frameworks for UN development activities, e.g. MDGs, Monterrey Consensus etc. Establishes key system-wide policy orientations for UN operational activities for development through quadrennial comprehensive policy review (QCPR) C.Governance system Nikhil Seth, Director, Office for ECOSOC Support and Coordination, UNDESA

17 Intergovernmental governance Quadrennial comprehensive policy review Main purpose of QCPR is to evaluate effectiveness and efficiency of UN operational activities for development based on extensive analytical preparations and consultations with stakeholders On basis of QCPR process, GA establishes key system-wide policy orientations for development cooperation and country-level modalities of UN system for four-year period C.Governance system Nikhil Seth, Director, Office for ECOSOC Support and Coordination, UNDESA

18 Intergovernmental governance ECOSOC Coordinates implementation of global development agenda High-level Segment Coordination Segment Subsidiary bodies (e.g. functional commissions) Annual Ministerial Review Development Cooperation Forum C.Governance system Nikhil Seth, Director, Office for ECOSOC Support and Coordination, UNDESA

19 Intergovernmental governance ECOSOC (cont.) Coordinates and monitors implementation of policy guidance established by GA in QCPR Reviews and evaluates reports on work of funds and programmes These functions mainly discharged through annual session of Operational Activities Segment of ECOSOC C.Governance system Nikhil Seth, Director, Office for ECOSOC Support and Coordination, UNDESA

20 Intergovernmental governance Executive Boards of funds and programmes Responsible, inter alia, for providing intergovernmental oversight of respective entities in accordance with policy guidance established by GA and ECOSOC and for ensuring that respective entities are responsive to needs and priorities of recipient countries C.Governance system Nikhil Seth, Director, Office for ECOSOC Support and Coordination, UNDESA

21 Intergovernmental governance Executive Boards of funds and programmes (cont.) EBs report to ECOSOC and are expected to bring to Council issues that require its attention Executive heads of F/Ps appointed by SG following consultations with EBs and confirmed by GA C.Governance system Nikhil Seth, Director, Office for ECOSOC Support and Coordination, UNDESA

22 Intergovernmental governance Governing bodies of specialized agencies SAs are separate, legally autonomous organizations with own policy-making and executive organs, secretariats and budgets Executive heads of SAs elected by membership of respective entity C.Governance system Nikhil Seth, Director, Office for ECOSOC Support and Coordination, UNDESA

23 Intergovernmental governance Governing bodies of specialized agencies (cont.) Relationship of SAs with UN defined in special agreement with ECOSOC and approved by GA ECOSOC can coordinate activities of SAs through consultations with and recommendations to such agencies C.Governance system Nikhil Seth, Director, Office for ECOSOC Support and Coordination, UNDESA

24 Executive direction and management Global-level Chief Executives Board for Coordination High-level Committee on Programmes High-level Committee on Management UN Development Group C.Governance system Nikhil Seth, Director, Office for ECOSOC Support and Coordination, UNDESA

25 Executive direction and management Regional-level UNDG Regional Teams Regional Coordination Mechanisms C.Governance system Nikhil Seth, Director, Office for ECOSOC Support and Coordination, UNDESA

26 Executive direction and management National-level UN Resident Coordinator System UNDAFs Common country programmes (One- UN pilots) C.Governance system Nikhil Seth, Director, Office for ECOSOC Support and Coordination, UNDESA


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